What equation should I use to find out how much concrete I need? – How to calculate concrete:
- Determine how thick you want the concrete
- Measure the length and width that you’d like to cover
- Multiply the length by the width to determine square footage
- Convert the thickness from inches to feet
- Multiply the thickness in feet by the square footage to determine cubic feet
- Convert cubic feet to cubic yards by multiplying by,037
Here’s what the math looks like for a 10′ by 10′ concrete patio:
- 10 x 10 = 100 square feet
- 4 ÷ 12 =,33
- 100 x,33 = 33 cubic feet
- 33 x,037 = 1.22 cubic yards
Essentially you are solving for volume and then converting to cubic yards. For concrete, the formula for volume is as follows: length x width x thickness. To determine how many bags of concrete you will need, divide the total cubic yards needed by the yield. Use the following yields per each bag size:
- 40 pound bag yields,011 cubic yards
- 60 pound bag yields,017 cubic yards
- 80 pound bag yields,022 cubic yards
- 0.1 How many bags of cement is required for concrete slab?
- 0.2 What is the minimum thickness for a concrete slab?
- 0.3 What is the thickness of slab?
- 0.4 What is the best base for concrete slab?
- 0.5 How strong is a 4 inch concrete slab?
- 0.6 How much sand do I need to lay slabs?
- 1 How much cement do I need for a 20×20 slab?
How many bags of cement is required for concrete slab?
Estimation of cement required for building construction – Here in this example let us consider M25 grade concrete mix which is having mix ratio of 1:1:2 with w/c of 0.45. Model 1: Slab having 8.5344 meters length and 17.6784 meters By taking slab thickness of G+1 building is 125mm Volume of the slab = length of slab X width of slab X thickness of slab = 8.5344X17.6784X0.125 = 18.86 m 3,
Now as per the M25 grade concrete mix Density = (Mass of slab /Volume of slab) By taking density of Reinforced concrete is 25Kn/m 3 value Mass of slab = 2500X18.86 = 47150 kgs Now by equating the mass of slab with mix proportions Cement + Fine aggregate + Coarse aggregates + Water = 47150 kgs 1a+1a+2a+0.45a = 47150 4.5 a = 47150 a = weight of cement = 47150/4.5 =10478 kgs By diving total weight with 50kgs we can obtain number of bags of cement.
So number of cement bags = 10478/50 = 209.55 So for making G+1 building slab having 8.5344 meters length and 17.6784 meters it is required 210 bags of cement in each floor. Totally it is required 420 bags of cement for 2 slabs. Model 2: G+3 commercial structure Slab having 49 meters length and 30.5 meters By taking slab thickness of G+3 building is 150mm Volume of the slab = length of slab X width of slab X thickness of slab = 49X30.5X0.150 = 224.18 m 3,
Now as per the M25 grade concrete mix Density = (Mass of slab /Volume of slab) By taking density of Reinforced concrete is 25Kn/m 3 value Mass of slab = 2500X224.18 = 560450 kgs Now by equating the mass of slab with mix proportions Cement + Fine aggregate + Coarse aggregates + Water = 47150 kgs 1a+1a+2a+0.45a = 560450 4.5 a = 560450 a = weight of cement = 560450/4.5 =124545 kgs by diving total weight with 50kgs we can obtain number of bags of cement.
So number of cement bags = 124545/50 = 2491 number of bags So for making G+ 3 commercial structures Slab having 49 meters length and 30.5 meters it is required 2491 bags of cement in each floor. Totally it is required 9964 bags of cement for 4 slabs. Model 3: G+4 small apartment structure slab having 21.336 meters length and width is 9.144 meters width By taking slab thickness of G+4 building is 150mm Volume of the slab = length of slab X width of slab X thickness of slab = 21.336X9.144X0.150 = 29.27 m 3,
Now as per the M25 grade concrete mix Density = (Mass of slab /Volume of slab) By taking density of Reinforced concrete is 25Kn/m 3 value Mass of slab = 2500X29.27 = 73165 kgs Now by equating the mass of slab with mix proportions Cement + Fine aggregate + Coarse aggregates + Water = 73165 kgs 1a+1a+2a+0.45a = 73165 4.5 a = 73165 a = weight of cement = 73165/4.5 =16259 kgs By diving total weight with 50kgs we can obtain number of bags of cement.
So number of cement bags = 16259 /50 = 325.17 number of bags So for making G+4 small apartment structures Slab having 21.336 meters length and width is 9.144 meters width it is required 326 bags of cement in each floor. Totally it is required 1630 bags of cement for 5 slabs.
|S. No||Building type||Length||Width||Number of cement bags|
|1||G+1 building||8.5344 meters||17.6784 meters||420|
|2||G+3 commercial structure||49 meters||30.5 meters||9964|
|3||G+4 small apartment structure||21.336 meters||9.144 meters||1630|
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How many bags of concrete do I need for a 10×10 slab 4 inches thick?
How many bags of concrete do I need for a 10 × 10 slab of 6 inch thick – At 6 inch thick, for a 10×10 slab, you will need either 111- 60- pounds or 84- 80- pounds or 168- 40- pounds bags of concrete. Thus, either 111- 60lb or 84- 80lb or 168- 40lb bags of concrete will be required for a 10×10 slab at 6″ thick.
Mathematical calculation:- 1) Yields of 40lb bag = 0.011 cubic yards, 2) Yields of 60lb bag = 0.017 cubic yards 3) Yields of 80lb bag = 0.022 cubic yards 4) Yields of 90lb bag = 0.025 cubic yards 5) Total required concrete quantity for 10×10 slab at 6 inch thick = 1.85 cubic yard 6) No. of bags of 40lb of concrete = 1.85/ 0.011= 168 bags, 7) No.
of bags of 60lb of concrete = 1.85/ 0.017= 112 bags, 8) No. of bags of 80lb of concrete = 1.85/ 0.022= 84 bags, 9) No. of bags of 90lb of concrete = 1.85/ 0.025 = 74 bags, Conclusion:- At 4″ thick, for a 10×10 slab, generally, you will need 1.23 cubic yards or 33 cubic feet or either 74- 60lb or 56-80lb bags of premixed concrete.
What is the minimum thickness for a concrete slab?
The thickness of concrete floor slabs supported directly on the ground shall be not less than 3 1 / 2 inches (89 mm).
What is the thickness of slab?
Hey, My brother is doing Civil Engineering, so I asked him randomly about the slab thickness for residential building when our home was getting constructed. He explained everything to me in so much detail that I got bored at one point. Anyways, read below to know the answer to your query.
Take a Home Loan at Low-interest Rates from NoBroker’s Partnered Banks for New Construction or Renovation! If You Need Help in Drafting Home Loan Application, then Reach Out to NoBroker’s Legal Experts! Standard Slab Thickness for Residential Building Using some basic thumb rules, regulations and guidelines as per IS code 456:2000 and ACI code, for concrete floors, concrete slab thickness for residential buildings is kept 4 to 6 inches (100 mm to 150 mm), providing minimum concrete grade M10-M15 and mesh bar embedded in concrete, 2-inch deep from the top of the floor slab.
He told me that the standard concrete floor slab thickness in residential buildings is four inches.5 to 6 inches are suggested if the concrete will receive occasional heavy loads like garbage trucks or mortar homes.
Minimum Slab Thickness for Residential Building: 4 inches (100mm) approx. Maximum Slab Thickness for Residential Building: 6 inches (150mm) approx.
Now you know about the standard slab thickness in mm and inches. Standard Slab Thickness
|Type of Slab||Thickness of Slab (in inches)|
|RCC roof slab for Commercial Building||6|
|RCC roof slab for Residential Building||4 to 6|
Read more: How much does RCC slab cost per square feet? What is RCC framed structure? How much steel required for 1000 sq ft house? How to make house plan? I hope now you have a complete understanding regarding the slab thickness for residential building.
How much cement is needed for a 10×10 slab?
It is pretty simple to figure out how much concrete you will need for a project around your home. Regardless of the size you will need to calculate the volume of the concrete needed in cubic yards prior to purchasing the bags or having the concrete delivered. So how much concrete is needed for a 10 ft by 10 ft concrete slab? To figure out how many cubic yards you will need, multiply the length by the width by the depth. Calculating the depth is the toughest part of finding the cubic yards you will need. The standard thickness of a concrete slab is typically 4 inches. If the particular slab you are pouring will need to withstand very heavy vehicle traffic you should make the slab 5 or 6 inches in depth.
For example we will use the 4 inch depth and convert that into feet. This means that you will use the depth of 0.35 feet when you calculate the amount of concrete needed. The equation will look like this 10 x 10 x 0.35 Once you come up with the number you will then divide it by 27, Which is the number of cubic feet in a cubic yard.
The amount you will need for a 10 x 10 slab is 1.3 cubic yards, we always add an extra 10% to allow for any slab depth variations or spills that may occur. This is what your typical concrete contractor in Elk Grove does every day. How strong is your 10 x 10 slab Another Factor you will have to consider is the type of concrete needed for your project.
- Every type of concrete has three main ingredients: cement, water and aggregate such as sand or gravel.
- It is the proportions of each of these ingredients that determines the overall strength of the slab.
- For common 10 by 10 residential slabs we would suggest to mix with a capacity of about 4000 lb per square inch.
How many bags of concrete will you need for a 10 x 10 slab? If you are completing your own home project you will need to know how many bags to buy at the store. A 60 lb bag will yield,017 cubic yards of concrete, an 80 pound bag will yield,022 cubic yards.
What is the best base for concrete slab?
What is the Base of a Concrete Slab? – The base in concrete construction is the layer between the sub-grade (existing soil) and the concrete slab. The base (usually a crushed stone material) acts as a support between the dirt and slab, and ultimately, reduces cracking of the slab.
Why is a Concrete Slab Base Necessary? Imagine placing a pane of glass on a mattress. Now, imagine standing on that pane of glass. It’s going to crack and break, right? Essentially the same thing is going to happen to your concrete slab if it does not have a proper base to support it over its lifespan.
The base provides a few important functions: #1: Reduces Settlement The dirt beneath your concrete slab is constantly moving. The base prevents the movement of the dirt from cracking the concrete slab by providing a layer that absorbs the differential movement often found in existing soil.
2: Promotes Drainage If a slab is poured on dirt, that dirt will be washed away, and the concrete will sink and crack. When a gravel base is applied, runoff washes through the gravel base keeping your slab well supported and crack free. What Material is Used for a Slab Base? The base in concrete construction is usually a form of crushed stone.
Most concrete contractors want a mix of coarse and fine aggregate to create a compactable base that is going to be safe for settlement and drainage. Crusher run (a mix of crushed stone and stone dust) and #57 coarse aggregate are two of the best base materials for concrete slabs.
How thick should concrete not crack?
Q. What causes a concrete slab to crack and how can it be prevented? A. Don Marsh responds: Concrete cracking is caused by stresses due to drying shrinkage, temperature change, or applied loads. Drying shrinkage. Drying shrinkage is an inherent and unavoidable property of concrete.
During the setting and hardening stages, excess mixing water in the concrete evaporates, causing the concrete to dry from the surface inwards. Shrinkage begins near the surface, pulling at the moist inner portions of the concrete, which are restrained by friction on the sub-grade, reinforcing steel, and building connections.
This restraint prevents the concrete from shrinking freely and uniformly, resulting in cracking. While drying shrinkage and some cracking is inevitable, it can be reduced by specifying adequate compressive strength, minimizing the water content, spacing control joints properly, and adequately curing the concrete.
Compressive strengths are governed by local building codes. In general, basement walls require a minimum 2,500 psi concrete, while flatwork ranges from 3,000 to 4,000 psi. For residential work, recommended slumps range from 3 to 5 inches for flatwork, and 5 to 7 inches for basement walls. Once the concrete is ordered to a specified slump, don’t add more water at the site to speed the pour.
The purpose of control joints is to confine cracking to predetermined points in a slab, rather than letting them occur randomly. Control joints should be tooled or sawn to a depth of one quarter the slab thickness. Joints should be spaced at intervals not more than 30 times the slab thickness.
- Driveways wider than 10 feet require both transverse and longitudinal control joints.
- Curing helps reduce shrinkage cracking and maintains slab strength.
- Typically, curing involves keeping the concrete moist and covered for five to seven days, or applying a spray-on compound that forms a membrane on the surface.
Temperature changes. Extreme temperature changes immediately following, and up to a year after, slab placement can have the same adverse effects on concrete as drying shrinkage. Proper control joint spacing is the most effective method to guard against this.
- Applied-load cracking.
- This occurs when the weight of an object on a slab stresses the concrete beyond its tensile strength.
- Such cracking often occurs, for example, when a heavy truck drives over a sidewalk designed only for pedestrian and light vehicular traffic.
- To prevent load-stress cracking, make sure a slab is built over a uniformly compacted, well-drained subgrade, and is thick enough to withstand the kind of use it will get.
In residential concrete, 4 inches is the minimum thickness for walkways and patios. Garage slabs and driveways should be 5 to 6 inches thick if any heavy truck traffic is anticipated, otherwise 4 inches is adequate. — Don Marsh is the media services representative for the Portland Cement Association in Skokie, Ill.
How strong is a 4 inch concrete slab?
Conclusion – A concrete patio slab should be at least 4 inches thick and have a compressive strength of 3,000 PSI. You’re free to make it thicker or stronger, but unless specifically required for your patio build, it’s likely overkill to surpass 4 inches in thickness. Eugene has been a DIY enthusiast for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others. He is passionately interested in home improvement, renovation and woodworking.
How much sand do I need to lay slabs?
Paving slabs are bedded in a mortar mix with four parts sharp sand to one part cement. Measure your quantities using a shovel or a bucket – for example, four buckets of sand for every one bucket of cement.
How much is it to pour a 20×20 slab of concrete?
COMPARE COSTS FOR SMALL, MEDIUM AND LARGE PATIOS – Use the following chart to see average prices for patios of different sizes:
|Patio Dimensions (feet)||Square Feet||Average Cost|
A 20-foot by 20-foot concrete patio runs between $1,200 to $6,000, including labor and materials. Adding decorative finishes and colors could make the price even higher. But on larger projects many contractors will offer a better price per square foot.
How much cement do I need for a 20×20 slab?
How many bags of concrete do I need for a 20×20×4 slab – To determine how many bags of concrete you will need, divide the total cubic yards or cubic feet needed by the yields. We know concrete bag available in 40lb, 60lb, 80lb and 90lb.40lb bag of concrete yields about 0.011 cubic yards or 0.30 cubic feet.60lb bag of concrete yields about 0.017 cubic yards or 0.45 cubic feet.80lb bag of concrete yields about 0.022 cubic yards or 0.60 cubic feet and 90lb bag of concrete yields about 0.025 cubic yards or 0.68 cubic feet.
- For a 20×20×4 slab, generally, you will need either 294- 60lb or 220-80lb bags of premixed concrete.
- Math’s calculation:- 1) square footage of slab = 20×20 = 400 sq ft, 2) 4″ thickness in inches = 4÷12 = 0.33 feet, 3) volume of slab in cubic feet = 400×0.33 = 132 cubic feet, and 4) No.
- Of 60lb bags = 132÷0.45 = 294 bags, no.
of 80lb bags = 132÷0.60 = 220 bags. Thus, you will need either 294- 60lb or 220-80lb bags of premixed concrete for a 20×20 slab at 4 inches thick. How do you measure for concrete Time for concrete to cure | Curing time of concrete How to figure out concrete yardage How much concrete do i need for a 6 inch Sonotube Conclusions:- For a 20×20×4 slab, generally, you will need approximately 4.88 cubic yards or 132 cubic feet or either 294- 60lb or 220-80lb bags of premixed concrete.