How To Calculate Density Of Cement?

How To Calculate Density Of Cement
The density of Cement, Sand and Aggregate – Density, also known as the unit weight, is the mass per unit volume of the material. The symbol RHO (ρ) denotes it. It explains the degree of compactness of a material. If the density of any substance is high, that means it is denser.

How do you find the density of concrete?

How to Calculate Density of Concrete? –

  1. Weigh the container with the concrete (2) – record value to nearest tenth of a pound.
  2. Subtract the empty container weight from the full container weight (2) – (1) = weight of concrete (3)
  3. Divide the weight of concrete by the known volume (3) / (4) = density, or fresh unit weight.

What is cement density?

Density of Cement – A cement is a binding substance utilised in construction work that hardens and gains strength quickly underwater. Only cement is unusually used; it is used to bind coarse and fine aggregate to produce mortar and concrete. The cement is mixed with fine aggregate to have mortar for plaster and masonry, and with sand and coarse aggregate to give concrete, As I said, earlier density is the material’s mass per unit volume.

How to calculate cement quantity?

Concrete Ingredients Calculation –

  1. For Cement, Sand and Coarse Aggregate.
  2. This is a Volumetric Calculation.
  3. Assuming we need 2 m 3 of concrete for M20 Concrete Mix, ( Mix Ratio, M20 = 1 : 1.5 : 3)

Total Part of the Concrete = 1+1.5+3 = 5.5 Parts Therefore, Cement Quantity = (Cement Part / Concrete Parts ) * Concrete Volume = (1/5.5)* Concrete Volume = (1/5.5)*2 = 0.3636 m 3 Density of Cement = 1440 kg/ m 3 = 0.3636 X 1440 = 523 kg = 10.5 Approx.

Why is relative density used in concrete mix calculations?

The weight of the particles and their volume is important so the relative density value is used in concrete mix calculations. The bulk density of bagged GP cement is approximately 1000-1300kg/m3 and Builders cement is approximately 1000-1250kg/m3.

What is the typical density of concrete?

Density of Concrete

Bibliographic Entry Result(w/surrounding text) StandardizedResult
Dorf, Richard. Engineering Handbook, New York: CRC Press, 1996. “The density of normal concrete is 2400 kg/m 3 and the density of lightweight concrete is 1750 kg/m 3 1750–2400 kg/m 3
Brooklyn Public Library Files; 1999 “Typical density of concrete (2.3 g/cm 3 )” 2300 kg/m 3
McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, “Volume generally assumed for the density of hardened concrete is 150 lb./ft 3, (2400 kg/m 3 )” 2400 kg/m 3
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Concrete is an artificial material similar to stone that is used for many different structural purposes. It is made by mixing several different coarse aggregates such as sand and pebbles with water and cement and then allowing it to harden by hydration.

Hydration causes crystals to form that interlock and bind together. According to the Brooklyn Public Library, concrete was first made in 500 BC and can last up to 50,000 years. Concrete is one of the most important building materials. From sidewalks to skyscrapers, we see concrete everyday everywhere. There are many different kinds of concrete.

Reinforced concrete is strengthened by steel. This is done by casting concrete around steel rods or bars and most large structures such as bridges need this extra strong concrete. Prestressed concrete is made by casting concrete around steel cables stretched by hydraulic jacks.

  • After the concrete hardens the jacks are released and the cables compress the concrete.
  • Concrete when compressed is the strongest.
  • This type of concrete is used for floors and roofs as well as other things.
  • Precast concrete is cast and hardened before being used for construction.
  • Precasting makes it possible to produce a mass number of concrete building materials.

Nearly all of prestressed concrete is precast as are concrete blocks. Concrete blocks are made in various weights and sizes and they are used to make about two-thirds of masonry walls in the US. Engineers have designed kinds of concrete for certain uses.

Air-entrained concrete is good in harsh weather and is used for roads and airport runways. High-early-strength Concrete is used in hurried jobs and cold weather because it hardens quicker than ordinary concrete. Lightweight concrete weighs less than any other concrete because it is made from pumice: a naturally light mineral.

Katrina Jones – 1999

Bibliographic Entry Result(w/surrounding text) StandardizedResult
. Portland Cement Association. “Density in Place: Density of normal CLSM in place typically ranges from 90 to 125 pounds per cubic foot (1840 to 2320 kg/cubic m).” 2320 kg/m 3 (conventional)
, Edward Boyden, MIT. “Density Concrete 2242 kg/m^3” 2242 kg/m 3 (conventional)
. Faculty of the Built Environment, University of New South Wales. “While conventional concrete has a density of about 2300 kg/m 3, lightweight concrete has a density between 160 and 1920 kg/m 3,” 2300 kg/m 3 (conventional) 160–1920 kg/m 3 (lightweight)
. Concrete Society of Southern Africa. “The concrete must be of a lightweight nature, with a mass of not greater than 1.5 kg/100 mm cube or a density of 1500 kg/m 3 “ < 1500 kg/m 3 (lightweight)
Baldwin, Kelly., Construction Canada, Vol.98, No.1 (January/February 1998): 28-29. “Density (kg/m 3 ) 1450–1850” 1450–1850 kg/m 3 (conducting)
. Pt. Union Ajidharma.
Density (kg/m 3 )
Without 453 2320
With 453 2320


2320 kg/m 3 (conventional) . Schundler Company.
Wet Density Range in kg/m 3
808.0 ± 48.0
728.0 ± 48.0
648.0 ± 48.0
584.0 ± 48.0


648–808 kg/m 3 (lightweight) . Pan Pacific Management Resources.
Density 300-600 kg/m 3 (19-38 lbs/ft 3 ) Made with Cement & Foam Only
Density 600-900 kg/m 3 (38-56 lbs/ft 3 ) Made with Sand, Cement & Foam
Density 900-1200 kg/m 3 (56-75 lbs/ft 3 ) Made with Sand, Cement & Foam
Density 1200-1600 kg/m 3 (75-100 lbs/ft 3 ) Made with Sand, Cement & Foam


300–1600 kg/m 3 (lightweight) ? Bureau of Reclamation, US Department of the Interior. “Typically, concrete has a density of 150 pounds per cubic foot, which means that a block of concrete that is one foot wide, one foot long, and one foot high would weigh 150 pounds. Water has the density of only 62.4 pounds per cubic foot.” 2400 kg/m 3 . Washington State Department of Transportation.
pcf kg/m 2
PCCP 150 2403
ACP 137/0.10′ 2439


2403–2439 kg/m 3

Editor’s Supplement – 2001 : Density of Concrete

What is the average weight of concrete?

Summary: How Much Does Concrete Weigh? – Concrete is one of the most versatile building materials in the world. It’s very strong, durable and easy to work with. And it’s simple to make. Concrete is a mix of sand, cement and stone aggregate mixed together.

  • When you add water it hardens and then cures for around 28 days to achieve it’s full strength.
  • The strength of concrete is measured in pounds per square inch or psi.
  • When you look at a Quikrete premixed concrete bag and it says 3500, that’s the strength of the concrete, 3500 psi.
  • Quikrete concrete bags come in a variety of weights ranging from 40 lbs all the way up the the standard 80 lb bag.

When mixed with water they get even heavier because of the weight of the water. So how much does concrete weight when it’s mixed and poured? A solid slab of concrete’s average weight is 4,050 pounds (2 tons) per cubic yard or 150 pounds per cubic foot.

  1. The actual weight per yard can vary based on the ingredients and ratios used to make the dry mix and the amount of water used to mix it.
  2. Stronger concrete is heavier because it has more stone than cement.
  3. Concrete’s weight is based on volume which is a simply calculation to make.
  4. Multiple the length x the width x the depth of a slab and you’ll get the volume.

Another way to look at it is square footage x depth. Broken concrete weighs closer to 2,025 pounds (1 ton) per cubic yard, or 75 pounds per cubic foot. When you breakup concrete and load it in a dumpster, there will be lots of open space between the chunks.

What is the unit weight of concrete?

Concrete Weight – How Much Does Concrete Weigh? – The concrete weight can vary depending on the air and moisture content it contains. Cement density (weight) can be 830 – 1650 kg per cubic meter or 52 – 103 lbs per cubic foot. Cement that is pneumatically loaded into silos is less dense while cement that has been stored and exposed to vibration, like being transported, is more dense.

  1. The rule of thumb is to consider that a 94 lb.
  2. Bag of cement will make one cubic foot when it is freshly packed.
  3. The density of lightweight concrete is 1920 kg per cubic meter or 116 lbs per cubic foot (3132 lbs per cubic yard).
  4. Lightweight concrete weighs less because it is made with an aggregate called pumice, a naturally light mineral.

Density is simply a mass to volume ratio. Perhaps the easiest and most accurate way to calculate the concrete density is to measure some into a container of known volume and weighing it. One value of understanding, knowing, and monitoring the density of concrete is checking strength by using test cylinders.

  1. A reduced density of normal concrete almost always means a higher water content which means lower strength concrete.
  2. These strength tests can be done at 24 hrs, 7 days, and 28 days in a lab to predict possible strength downturns (or lower density).
  3. This is very important considering all the high strength projects (bridges, high rises, dams) concrete is used for.

For people considering concrete counter tops or interior radiant floor heating, you may be wondering if using lightweight concrete would help to minimize stress on the cabinetry and flooring below. With a standard thickness of 1.5 inches, normal weight concrete weighs about 18 lbs per square foot while lightweight concrete weighs 14.5 lbs per square foot.

How do you calculate the weight of a concrete slab?

– For Calculating the self weight of Slab you have to assume an area of 1 meter square – Multiply it with the depth of and with the density of R.C.C (2400 kg/cubic meter).You got the weight of One square meter of Slab – Than multiply it with the whole area of Slab you will get the weight of the whole Slab.