1. Conception (aka planning and development) – Planning and development, sometimes called project conception, is the very beginning of the construction process. This is when a client dreams up the building or facility they want. Conception is the stage where ideas are at their most fluid, but (maybe paradoxically) it also creates the foundation of the construction process.
- 1 What is the first phase of construction quizlet?
- 2 What is the duties of a construction supervisor?
- 3 What goes first in construction?
- 4 What is the first step in the construction of a house?
What is the first phase of construction quizlet?
The first stage of a construction project is the planning and development stage. This stage includes; the identification of the location, pre-design of the building or facility and have the architect and general contractor meet and get to know each other.
Which of the following workers typically does hands on work as well as supervising on a construction site?
A foreperson is typically directly in charge of the members of the construction team and will build their schedules and offer hands-on guidance and training.
What activities usually occur during the mobilization stage?
Mobilization | The University of Chicago Facilities Services The Mobilization phase is a short interval between the completion of construction documents and the start of construction. There are two primary areas of focus during Mobilization:
Finalizing General Contract award and contract issuance (small project); Finalizing GMP (large project) Securing full Building Permit ‐ all projects
With the drawings and RFP issued at the end of construction documents, bids are received and the General Contract or GMP is negotiated during the Mobilization phase. Although projects are fully funded, a contractor or GMP recommendation, along with an updated budget projection, are reviewed with the Provost and CFO, who approve the contract issuance or GMP change order.
- The permit drawings will have been submitted during the Construction Documents phase, so that the receipt of the building permit will coincide with or shortly follow the construction contract award.
- For small projects, the permit cannot be received until the General Contractor is selected, as they must complete forms to finalize the building permit.
Once the contract or GMP is awarded, the Contractor/CM mobilizes to the site, establishes temporary utility service, and makes accommodations to maintain accessible paths of travel within the building being renovated, or around the perimeter of the construction site.
|Communications||Issue notice to project neighbors or affected departments confirming start of construction and logistics information|
|Reporting||Continue project reporting; Monthly budget report contains updated budget based on contract/GMP awards|
|Board of Trustees||N/A|
|Capital Projects Committee||N/A|
|Provost/CFO||Approve General Contractor selection for Small Projects; Approve GMP recommendation for Large Projects|
|Steering Committee||Approve updated OPR, GMP recommendation/budget allocations|
|Economic Impact||Review General Contractor proposals for compliance with M/WBE and workforce goals (small projects)|
|Vendor Management||General Contractor selected (small projects); major subcontracts awarded (large projects)|
|Budget||Update project budget and contingency management plan after award of GC contract (small projects)|
|Project Schedule||Update schedules|
|Regulatory/Permitting||Receive building permit|
|Program and Design Management|
|Master Planning Considerations||N/A|
|Accessibility||Temporary accessible reroutes implemented, signage posted|
|Engineering and Utilities|
|Utilities||Temporary utility services to project site established if required|
|Operations and Maintenance|
|Contracts/Vendors||General Contractor contract issued (small projects), GMP agreement for large projects|
Which is the best definition for the term construction?
: the act or result of construing, interpreting, or explaining. : the process, art, or manner of constructing something.
What is construction supervisor responsibility?
The Civil Engineering Construction Supervisor/General Foreman supervises and coordinates construction activities at the work site. He/She ensures that work is completed on time. He/She ensures that work is done safely and with quality. He/She ensures that all regulations are complied with.
What is the duties of a construction supervisor?
Construction supervisors are responsible for the management and safety of construction projects. Through planning, organizing, and controlling projects, they create an efficient and safe workplace, including materials and personnel.
What are the four 4 steps of community mobilization?
Community Mobilisation: The Community Action Cycle Save the Children describes community mobilisation as “a capacity-building process through which community individuals, groups, or organizations plan, carry out, and evaluate activities on a participatory and sustained basis to improve their health and other needs, either on their own initiative or stimulated by others.” In general, community mobilisation involves:
Developing an ongoing dialogue between community members regarding health issues. Creating or strengthening community organisations whose purpose is to improve health. Assisting in creating an environment in which individuals can empower themselves to address their own and their community’s health needs. Promoting community members’ participation in ways that recognise diversity and equity, particularly of those who are most affected by the health issue. Working in partnership with community members in all phases of a project to create locally appropriate responses to health needs. Identifying and supporting the creative potential of communities to develop a variety of strategies and approaches to improve health status (even interventions that may not have been recommended by funders and other external actors). Assisting in linking communities with external resources (e.g., organisations, funding, technical assistance) to aid them in their efforts to improve health. Committing enough time to work with communities, or with a partner who works with them, to accomplish the above.
There are 7 stages of a mobilisation effort on this model: conducting initial preparation, organising the community for action, exploring the health issues and setting priorities, planning, acting and evaluating together, and scaling up. These steps are depicted in the Community Action Cycle (CAC), which draws on many of the theories and concepts of a social systems approach to individual change and social change. While there are numerous models of how social change comes about, they all share certain fundamental elements, which are also the guiding principles of community mobilisation:
Sustainability of social change is more likely if the individuals and communities most affected own the process and content of communication. Communication for social change should be empowering, horizontal (versus top-down), give a voice to the previously unheard members of the community, and be biased towards local content and ownership. Communities should be the agents of their own change. Emphasis should shift from persuasion and the transmission of information from outside technical experts to support for dialogue, debate, and negotiation on issues that resonate with members of the community. Emphasis on outcomes should shift away from individual behaviour to social norms, policies, culture, and the supporting environment.
The CAC, developed by Save the Children, has been used by a number of organisations in a number of countries, such as the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-supported ACCESS-FP Program, in the context of maternal health and newborn health.
USAID’s ACCESS programme explains: “Community mobilization at its best does not merely raise community awareness about an issue or persuade people to participate in activities that have been prioritized and planned by others. Rather, it is a comprehensive strategy that includes the following activities: carrying out careful formative research to understand the community context and design the process entering the community (if externally facilitated) and establishing credibility and trust; raising community awareness about the maternal and newborn health situation; working with community leaders and others to invite and organise participation of those most affected by and interested in maternal and newborn health; exploring the issue to understand what is currently being done and why (helpful, harmful, benign practicesm beliefs, and attitudes) so that they can set priorities; planning; implementing the community plan; and monitoring and evaluating progress.
These activities are summarized in the phases of what is known as the Community Action Cycle.” More knowledge from : Community Mobilisation: The Community Action Cycle
What is schedule construction?
What Is a Construction Schedule? – A construction schedule is a timeline for every task and event in a construction project. The construction schedule is a fundamental part of the project planning phase, as it also defines the resources needed and the teams responsible for each task in the construction process.
What is included in construction mobilization?
Mobilization consists of preparatory work and operations necessary for the movement of personnel, equipment, supplies, and incidentals to the project site; for the establishment of offices, buildings, and other facilities necessary for the work; for premiums on bond and insurance for the work; and for other operations
What is the first stage in the life of construction?
A construction project entails 5 important stages: initiation, planning, implementation, performance and monitoring, and closing. Here is an in-depth review of the construction life cycle.
What goes first in construction?
Stage 2 – The Three Fs: Footings, Foundations, and Framing – Every successful building project starts with a sturdy foundation. Once the property is cleared and ready for construction, the next step is threefold: laying footings, laying the foundation, and then framing the house. Here is a quick look at the critical steps within this stage:
Footings and Foundations
Footings are what your foundation will sit on. Traditionally made of concrete and reinforced rebar, their placement and inspection are essential since they will carry the entire structure’s weight. Once the footings are set and pass inspection, a contractor will pour the concrete into the home’s overall foundation.
Framing and Roofing
Once the foundation is in place and completely dry, it’s time for the framing and roofing contractors to enter the picture. They will build out the structural framework of the home, often referred to as studs, The exterior walls go up first, followed by floor systems and the roof rafters,
The sheathing is then put up to cover the frame and provide a protective barrier. It’s not just your hands and eyes that will need protection, but the house too! Stage 2 is often the most exciting part of the process because all the building plans are finally taking shape, and you can start to “see” the house.
Framing generally takes one to two months to complete.
What is the first step in the construction of a house?
Understand the process of building a house – After the designs and blueprints have been finalized and your permits have been approved, that’s when construction starts and your home begins to take shape, generally following these steps: 1. Land prep The first step in the construction process is getting the land ready.
- This includes clearing the area, digging trenches and making sure utilities are installed.2.
- Footings and foundation Your foundation will be made of poured concrete reinforced with steel rods.
- Depending on the part of the country you’re building in and the design of your home, you may have a slab foundation, crawl space or a full basement.
No matter what kind of foundation is poured, it will be sprayed with a waterproofing material and inspected by the city before framing begins.3. Framing In the framing step, the bones of the home start to take shape. Framing includes the floor joists, subfloors, studs that form the walls and roof trusses.
During this step, the crew will wrap the house to protect it from moisture. If construction is taking place during a rainy time of year, your builder may also install windows, roof shingles and siding during this step.4. Plumbing, electrical and HVAC Once the home is “dried in,” subcontractors will start installing the home’s major systems, including plumbing pipes, electrical wiring and heating and cooling ducts.
Each of these steps requires signoff from a local inspector.5. Insulation Your home’s insulation needs will vary by climate, but in general, insulation will be applied to exterior walls, basements, crawl spaces and attics. Fiberglass, cellulose and foam insulation are all options.6.
- Drywall Drywall panels are hung with screws, taped and mudded, and a spray texture is applied.
- Then the new walls are primed with paint.7.
- Interior finishes In this step, most of the home’s interior features will be added.
- This includes doors, baseboards, casings, window sills, stair balusters, kitchen counters and cabinets, bathtubs, vanities, and hard-surfaced flooring.
Interior painting and hardwood installation are sometimes done during this step, but they may be done later if there is risk of damage due to continuing construction.8. Exterior finishes Driveways, walkways, patios and final grading to direct water away from home will all be completed.
Landscaping and exterior decorating happen during this step too.9. Fixture installation With the house close to completion, toilets, faucets, light switches, heat register covers, the hot water heater, the electrical panel and the HVAC systems are all installed. Many of these items require another round of inspection.
Another task that happens in this step is the installation of glass fixtures like mirrors and shower doors.10. Flooring installation Carpet and hardwood flooring are added in this late stage. Make sure to check with your builder on the status of your hardwood finishing process so you don’t accidentally damage them.11.
Final inspection Once construction is complete, a final inspection will be conducted by a local building official. Upon passing, you’ll receive a certificate of occupancy, which gives you the green light to move in.12. Final walkthrough Before you move in, you’ll want to do a final walkthrough with your builder to identify punch list items that need to be repaired for the job to be considered complete.
Common punch list items include electrical defects like nonfunctioning outlets, damage to drywall and paint, or missing fixtures.