What is a Hip Roof? – A hip roof has no vertical ends, It is sloped on all sides, with the slopes meeting in a peak (if the structure is square).
- Or with the ends sloped inward toward a ridge formed by the adjacent sides (if the structure is rectangular).
- The “hip” refers to the external angle formed where two adjacent sides meet.
- Due to complexity of design and construction requirements.
- Hip roofs are generally more costly to build than a gable roof.
- Here are a few hip roof pictures so you can see what they look like.
- PAVILION ROOF – a hip roof on a square structure, where all sides join to form a single peak. (Also known as a pyramid roof)
- MANSARD ROOF – a type of hip roof, where each side includes two different sloping angles with the lower angle much steeper than the upper angle.
- TENTED ROOF – a multi-sided (polygonal) hip roof with steeply pitched slopes that rise to a peak, similar to what you’d see on a church steeple.
- DUTCH GABLE ROOF – a variation of the hip roof, that includes a small gable section on the upper portion of the roof.
- HALF-HIP ROOF – this is an add-on to a gable roof, where the end of the gable includes a small hip roof section that slopes toward the ridge. (Also known as a clipped-gable or jerkin head roof)
- The dictionary defines a gable as “the part of the wall that encloses the end of a pitched roof.”
- as “the triangular portion of a wall between edges of intersecting roof pitches.”
- A gable roof includes two sloping sides and at least one gable.
- Here are a few gable roof photos, so you can see what they look like.
- OPEN GABLE ROOF – a hip roof on a square structure, where all sides join to form a single peak. (Also known as a pyramid roof)
- BOX GABLE ROOF – a type of hip roof, where each side includes two different sloping angles with the lower angle much steeper than the upper angle.
- GAMBREL ROOF – a multi-sided (polygonal) hip roof with steeply pitched slopes that rise to a peak, similar to what you’d see on a church steeple.
- CROSS-GABLED ROOF – a gable roof, where two gable roof lines intersect at a 90-degree angle.
- FLYING GABLE ROOF – a gable roof, where the ridge overhand extends out further than the eave overhang, forming a point at the end of the ridge. (Also known as a prow gable roof)
While hip roofs and gable roofs are common roof styles used across the world, each one has a few advantages over the other. Let’s take a look.
- Design is self bracing & requires less diagonal bracing
- Better suited to high wind or heavy snow areas
- Consistent eave & gutters all the way around
- Improves curb appeal on many homes
- Can be combined to form great roof designs
- More complex and costly to design and build
- Less attic space due to sloping on all sides
- Simpler to design & build
- Less expensive than a hip roof
- Provides more attic space than hip roof
- Provides better ventilation with gable vents
- Can be combined to form great roof designs
Both hip and gable roofs will continue to enjoy prominence among the most popular roof designs for years to come.
- 1 What’s the difference between eaves and gables?
- 2 What is the overhanging part of a roof called?
- 3 How do I know if my roof is gable?
- 4 What is the top point of a roof called?
- 5 Why would you not put gutters on a house?
What’s the difference between eaves and gables?
What is the difference between an eave roof and a gable end roof? – We have had various discussions about roofs in our latest blogs such as Architectural Roof Types and the Importance of Roof Pitches, now lets dive deeper into these two roof types. What is the meaning of an eave and gable roof and how do they differ? An Eave is defined as the edge of the roof that overhangs the face of a wall. This is the portion of the roof that protrudes beyond the side of a house or building. In contrast, a Gable (or Rake) is the overhang of a building that occurs on the side that is topped by a gable roof.
What are the different types of gables?
Types of Gable Roofs – There are four main types of gable roofs – side gables, crossed gables, front gables, and Dutch gables. Side gables are the most common and simple style of gable roof, with two sides pitched to form a triangle. If a side gable roof is left open in the middle it is referred to as an open gable roof, or closed in for a boxed gable roof. Crossed gable roofs are two gable roofing sections combined perpendicularly or at a right angle; they are usually seen on Cape Cod or Tudor-style homes.
- They may have the same pitch, length, or height, or they may vary for a more asymmetrical style that can be used to accent different wings, or various areas of the home like porches, garages, or dormers.
- A front gable roof is usually seen on Colonial-style homes, and it is placed at the front to highlight the entrance and add coverage to the porch or entryway.
Lastly, a Dutch gable roof or gablet roof is a blend of a hip roof and a gable style roof that involves adding a gable to a hip roof to add interest to the home’s architecture and lend some additional attic space under the roof. This type of gable roof essentially places a gabled roof on top of a hipped roof for the best of both worlds.
Are gables part of the roof?
Gable Roof Parts – A gable roof is a roof that’s shaped like the houses your kids draw. It has two sloping sides that meet at a peak. Gable roofs contain the following parts:
Ridge: The peak of your roof is the ridge. It’s the highest point on a sloped roof. Eaves: The eaves are the lower edges of the roof that overhang the home’s exterior walls. The diagram above also has an eave on the opposite side of the home in the same place. Gable: The A-shaped side wall of the home that forms the peak of the roof is called the Gable. The home above has two gables, one on each end of the home. Rake: The rake of the roof is the part that ends over a gable end.
Now let’s look at the parts of a slightly different roof type.
Do gutters go on gables?
Gable Roof – As one of the most common roof designs in America, gable roofs have two sides that slope and meet in the middle at what’s called a ridge and form a triangle that extends from the home’s roof. They’re able to drain more water than a flat or low-slope roof, however, they’re usually more prone to damage from high winds when compared to other roof designs.
What do you call a roof with no gables?
What is a Hip Roof? – A hip roof is a roof where all four sides of the roof slope downwards from the peak. It does not have a gable or a flat end. Hip roofs are popular on church steeples, where they typically have a high pitch. They’re also popular on houses in the suburbs, because they are easy to build.
What is the overhanging part of a roof called?
Roofing Terms Architectural Shingles : Strip shingles made with fiberglass mat and asphalt that are laminated or textured to create a three-dimensional effect; also called laminated shingles. (There are also shingles that are called architectural even though they are made from a single layer, not two materials laminated together.) Cricket : A wood-framed structure covered with roof material that diverts water away from chimneys, walls or other vertical roof projections and penetrations.
- Drip Edge : Flashing made of aluminum or another non-corrosive material that is placed along the eaves and rake edges at a 90-degree angle to let water runoff drop clear of fascia and into the gutters.
- Eave : A roof edge that extends past the exterior wall line at the bottom of a slope.
- Fascia : Vertical roof trim located along the perimeter of a building, usually below the roof level, to cover the rafter tails at the eaves and to seal off the top of the siding along the rake; also called gutter boards.
- Felt : Material of interwoven fibers saturated with asphalt and used as a protective under layer between shingles and decking; also called tarpaper.
- Flashing : Metal or other flexible materials used to seal the roof and prevent leaks around any projection or intersection, such as pipes, chimneys, dormers, valleys or adjoining walls.
- Flat Roof : A roof with a pitch of less than two feet of rise over a 12-foot run (2/12); this type of roof needs a sealed-system installation.
- Hip : The external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes from the ridge to the eaves.
Ice/Leak Barrier : A self-adhering and self-sealing membrane applied to the roof deck, designed to protect against water infiltration from ice buildup or wind-driven rain. The ice barrier will seal around nails that penetrate it; also called water barrier.
Laminated Shingles : Strip shingles made with fiberglass mat and asphalt that are laminated or textured to create a three-dimensional effect; also called architectural shingles. There are also shingles that are called dimensional even though they are made from a single material, not two materials laminated together.
Low Slope Roof : A roof with a pitch having two or three feet of rise over a 12-foot run (2/12 or 3/12). This type of roof must be installed using an ice/leak barrier instead of felt paper or a sealed-roof system.
- Pitch Changes : The variation in the degree of roof incline, which is expressed as the ratio of the rise to the span, in feet.
- Plumbing Boot : A prefabricated covering, usually of flexible material, used to seal around a penetration; also called a pipe boot or roof jack.
- Rafter : The structural member supporting the deck and roof system components, extending from the downslope perimeter to the ridge or hip.
- Rake : The inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall from the eave to the ridge, usually perpendicular to the eave and ridge.
Ridge : The horizontal external angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes (i.e. where the two sides of a roof meet at the highest point). Ridge Vent : The best type of roof exhaust vent that ventilates the attic along the ridge or hip line where the roof deck has been cut back; works in conjunction with soffit vents under the eaves or a starter edge vent; also called an exhaust vent.
- Shed Roof : A roof containing only one sloping plane; a single-pitch roof with no hips, ridges, valleys or gables; also called a half gable.
- Soffit : The underside of the eaves, or roof overhang, which can be enclosed or exposed.
- Soffit Vent : An intake vent in the soffit area of the house that provides attic venting at a lower portion of the roof deck and good circulation with other forms of venting such as ridge or roof vents; also called an intake vent.
Starter Edge Vent : A vent that is installed on top of the roof just above the gutter. This vent is a lower-cost option versus installing soffit vents. These vents are not needed if soffit vents are installed or existing. This allows the air to enter the attic at the low end and escape at the highest point (ridge); also called an intake vent.
NOTE : Without the proper balance of intake and exhaust ventilation, the manufacturer’s warranty on shingles is reduced to 10 years. Valley : The internal angle formed by the intersection of two sloping roof planes running from the eaves to the ridge, allowing water to run off. Water Shield : A watertight barrier used to seal water out in valleys, around chimneys, skylights, plumbing vents and any other roof penetration.
In some climates, this material is also installed along the rakes and the eaves; also called ice/leak barrier. : Roofing Terms
What do gables look like on a house?
Gable Roof Shapes – Gabled roofs are the kind young children typically draw. They have two sloping sides that come together at a ridge, creating end walls with a triangular extension, called a gable, at the top.
Are dormers and gables the same thing?
Whats The Difference Between A Gable And A Dormer? – The main difference between gable and dormer is that the gable is a generally triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a dual-pitched roof and Dormer is a structural element of a building. The gable ends of newer buildings are treated the same way as the Classic pediment form.
How do I know if my roof is gable?
More Affordable – A big difference between hip and gable roofs is the price. We already know that hip roofs are more expensive. Gable roofs, with their simple design and easy construction, are far more affordable than many other complex roofing designs, beyond just hip roofs.
What is the top point of a roof called?
What are the common parts of a roof? –
Roof Ridge: The roof ridge, or ridge of a roof is the horizontal line running the length of the roof where the two roof planes meet. This intersection creates the highest point on a roof, sometimes referred to as the peak. Hip and ridge shingles are specifically designed for this part of a roof. Ridge vent: A ridge vent is an exhaust vent that runs horizontally along the peak of the roof allowing warm, humid air to escape from the attic. Use our ventilation calculator to calculate your attic ventilation requirements and determine how much exhaust ventilation you would need to properly ventilate your roof and attic. Flashing: Flashing is a metal material installed at joint openings, around chimneys, and any dormer windows or skylights to help prevent water intrusion. You may recognize flashing as metal stair steps alongside a chimney or side walls on a roof. Hip: The hip on a roof is the intersection of two roof planes that meet to form a sloping ridge running from the peak to the eave. Hip and ridge shingles are specifically designed for this part of a roof. Roof Deck: The roof deck is the structural foundation base for the roof system and is usually made of wood or plywood. Roofing Underlayment: Roofing underlayment is a layer of material, usually synthetic or felt, that adds extra protection on top of the roof deck and under the shingles. Synthetic underlayment helps repel moisture and provides protection against water infiltration. Synthetic underlayment is becoming a popular material choice over felt due to proven water-resistance performance and long-lasting durability. Roof Valley: The roof valley is the V-shaped intersection between two sloping roofs joining at an angle to provide water runoff. Laminated Architectural Shingles: Laminated architectural asphalt shingles contain more than one layer of tabs to add dimension, performance and durability to a roof. Architectural shingles are sometimes referred to as three-dimensional shingles or laminated shingles. The opposite of architectural shingles are three-tab shingles, which are produced as a single layer of tabs and appear flat or without the dimension of a laminated shingle. Roof Gable: A roof gable is the triangular section of the outer wall at the peak of the roof between a sloping roof and eave. A roof gable is sometimes referred to as a rake. Metal drip edge: Metal drip edge is a narrow strip of noncorrosive metal used at the rake and eave to help manage dripping water by facilitating water runoff to protect the underlying section of a wall. Dormer : A dormer is a raised section of the roof. Dormers commonly contain a window that projects vertically through the slope in the roof. Ice and water barrier: An ice and water barrier is a self-adhered waterproofing material installed along eaves, valleys, side walls, and other sensitive areas to protect against ice damage and wind-driven rain. Eave: An eave is the lower border of the roof that overhangs the wall usually located in the first three feet of a roof. Undereave vent: Undereave vents are intake vents located under the eaves of the roof that help draw cool dry air into the attic. Again, you can use our ventilation calculator to calculate your attic ventilation requirements and determine how much intake ventilation you would need to properly ventilate your roof and attic.
Now that you’re familiar with the basic anatomy of a roof, you’ll start to notice dormers and gables everywhere you turn. More important, you’ll be equipped to have an informed conversation with your roofing contractor when the time comes for you to get a new roof,
Why do houses have gables?
Architectural Styles that Feature Gable Roofs – Gable roofs are so popular that they can be found on homes of nearly every style. The configuration of the roof will vary according to the architecture of the home. Residential styles that frequently have a gable roof include:
A-frame: A-frame homes and Swiss chalets, often found in mountain communities, have a triangular shape with a steeply pitched gable roof designed to allow snow to slide to the ground. These homes typically have front and rear gables. Bungalow: Bungalows tend to be small homes with a low-pitched gable roof. Cape Cod: Cape Cod-style homes usually have a simple square or rectangular shape with one or two floors and a steeply pitched gable roof, often with dormers and shutters. Craftsman: Also known as Arts-and-Crafts-style homes, these homes typically have an unornamented design with a front porch, overhanging eaves, and a low-pitched gable roof. Georgian: Georgian-style homes, named after King George, typically have a formal, symmetrical design with a side-gabled roof. Gothic Revival: These homes include steep roofs with crossed gables, Gothic-style windows with pointed arches and ornate trim on the gables, windows, and doors. Greek Revival: These classically designed homes typically have columns, rectangular windows, and a gable roof, particularly in the Midwest and Northeast where they have a front gable. Saltbox: Primarily seen in New England, these homes have a gable roof with a steep slope and one side shorter than the other. The home design resembles an old-fashioned box used to store salt and offers protection from salt damage from the sea. Tudor: Timbered exteriors on the upper floors and bay windows are a hallmark of Tudor-style homes, along with one or more steeply pitched crossed gables. Victorian: Both Queen Anne and Stick-style Victorian homes often have a steeply pitched gable roof. Queen Anne homes include elaborate details include cross-gabled roofs, towers, chimneys, and porches. Gingerbread trim is often added to the gables. Stick homes are a little less elaborate but often have a steeply pitched gable roof with an overhang.
While gable roofs can be seen throughout the U.S., they’re more commonly found in snowy locations and less likely to appear in windy or hurricane-prone areas. Talk with your builder or architect to see if a gable roof matches your style, location, and budget. Michele Lerner is an award-winning freelance writer, editor and author who has been writing about real estate, personal finance and business topics for more than two decades.
Why would you not put gutters on a house?
We Never Had Gutters – Some homes — homes with particular qualities — do not need gutters. A home with no basement or a home with excellent landscaping drainage may not even need gutters. Rain can roll off the roof all around your home and drain away from your walls, thanks to gravity.
Standing water near the house Water flowing to parts of your yard you would prefer to keep drier Additions to your home that need better drainage, like a mother-in-law apartment or a new attached garage Your landscaping recently changed Water staining, splattering and streaking on your siding
If unsure, ask your local roofing and gutter professional for an inspection and written opinion. The worst of what happens to a house with no gutters is a plunge in home value.
What goes on first roof or gutters?
Homeowners looking to remodel or design the exterior of their new homes know just how stressful the process can be. It can be difficult to decide which project to tackle first – siding, roofing, windows, or gutters. While there is no perfect way to approach exterior remodeling, when it comes to gutters versus roofing, your best bet is usually to go with a new roof first.
There are several reasons to have a new roof installed before your new gutters, but the main reason is that gutters typically have to be uninstalled before a new roof can be placed on your home, especially when the gutters are attached to your roof. This not only lengthens the installation process, but it also puts your new gutter system at risk of being damaged during uninstallation and reinstallation.
Repairs and re-painting your gutters can be an expensive headache as well. While it is usually best to have a new gutter system installed after your roof, sometimes this is not possible. If your gutters are damaged or ineffective, you may have no other choice but to have them installed before your new roofing system.
- In this case, it is best to have protection built in to the contract with the contractor so that your gutters are protected.
- Unlike some traditional sectional gutters with attached gutter guards, the BELDON® LeafGuard gutter protection system does not need to be attached to the roof.
- In fact, this one-piece seamless gutters system can be installed to your home’s fascia to help eliminate the problem of having to decide whether to have new gutters installed before or after your new roof.
Plus, this system is the only one on the market that is guaranteed to remain clog-free. For more information, contact us today. This entry was posted in Gutters, Bookmark the permalink,
What is the area under your gutters called?
Fascia – Fascia is a term used in architecture to refer to a frieze or band running horizontally and situated vertically under the roof edge or which forms the outer surface of a cornice and is visible to an outside observer. This is to say that the long dimension of the surface is horizontal and the short dimension is vertical.
- As the literal meaning is “band” it is also used, although less commonly, for other such band-like surfaces like a wide, flat strip around a doorway, different and separate from the wall surface.
- The word fascia derives from Latin “fascia” meaning “band, bandage, ribbon, swathe”.
- The word is pronounced with the “long-a” sound, /ˈfeɪʃə/, rhyming with the Japanese word geisha.
Specifically, used to describe the horizontal “fascia board” which caps the end of rafters outside a building, which can be used to hold the rain gutter, The finished surface below the fascia and rafters is called the soffit or eave. A soffit is also often installed between the ceiling and the top of wall cabinets in a kitchen, set at a 90 degree angle to the horizontal soffit which projects out from the wall.
In classical architecture, the fascia is the plain, wide band across the bottom of the entablature, directly above the columns. The “guttae” or drip edge was mounted on the fascia in the Doric order, below the triglyph, In steep-slope roofing, a board that is nailed to the ends of a roof rafter; sometimes supports a gutter.
In low-slope roofing, the horizontal trim located at the perimeter of a building is usually a border for the low-slope roof system.
Where are gable roofs mostly used?
What is a Gable Roof? – A gable roof has at least one flat end called a “gable.” This triangular end is not composed of roof materials. Instead it is made of siding, stone or whatever materials are used on the rest of the home’s exterior. A gable roof can have one, two or more gables. Gable roofs are most common in cold climates. They are the traditional roof style of New England and the east coast of Canada. Fans of literature in both countries will recognize the roof style from popular novels. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “The House of Seven Gables” and Lucy Maud Montgomery’s “Anne of Green Gables” both reference this roof style in their titles.
Where are gable roof used?
c. Cross Gable Roof –
- This roof is made up of two or more gable rooflines.
- These gable rooflines are placed such that they intersect each other at an angle, most commonly with the two ridges placed perpendicular to one another.
- Usually, the cross gable roof is regarded as a complex type of gable roof because it has a complex layout due to the complex shape.
- It is mostly provided when the building structures have separate wings, a larger porch, or even an attached garage.