Basic Civil Engineering Questions and Answers – Brick Masonry This set of Basic Civil Engineering Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Brick Masonry”.1. How many types of brick masonry are possible? a) 4 b) 2 c) 5 d) 6 View Answer Answer: a Explanation: The four types are brick work in mud, brick work in cement or lime mortar – I class, II class and III class.2.
- In which bond brick is laid with its length in the direction of a wall? a) Header b) Flemish c) Stretcher d) English View Answer Answer: c Explanation: Brick are laid with their end towards the face of the wall in header bond.
- In the Flemish bond, alternative header and stretcher are placed in each course.
In the English bond, alternative header and stretcher courses are laid.3. Which of the below should be avoided in brick masonry? a) Horizontal joints b) Queen closer c) Brick bat d) Vertical joints View Answer Answer: d Explanation: Vertical joints occur when the end of a brick is in line with the end of the underlying brick, vertically.
This would lead to low strength wall as cracks can easily be transferred along these joints.4. _ bond is better in appearance than English bond. a) Flemish b) Double Flemish c) Single Flemish d) Poly Flemish View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Double Flemish bond consists of an alternative header, stretcher in each course.
The facing and backing are of the same appearance.5. Flemish bond is expensive than English bond. a) True b) False View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Number of bricks required in Flemish bond is less than that required in English bond. It is because each course has a header and stretcher, which occupies more space than header or stretcher when placed individually.
Check this: 6. In Herringbone bond, bricks are placed at _ angle from _ line in both directions. a) 60 o, central b) 60 o, vertical c) 45 o, central d) 45 o, vertical View Answer Answer: c Explanation: There is a central line with respect to which bricks are laid. It is laid at 45 o angle in both directions.
It is used where wall thickness is more than 4 bricks or for paving.
7. The portion of bricks cut across the width in half is called: a) Half split b) Half closer c) Half bed d) Half bat View Answer
Answer: d Explanation: When a brick is halved along its height, it is a split, that along the length is a closer. Bed is the lower surface of brick when the brick is laid flat.8. What should be placed at the beginning of every header course in English bond to avoid vertical joint? a) Queen closer b) Half bat c) Three fourth bat d) King closer View Answer Answer: a Explanation: A queen closer is a brick piece cut in half along the length.
- It is placed so as to avoid vertical joints.
- It makes the header come centrally above the underlying stretcher.9.
- The bricks used for corners of walls of a structure are called: a) Spalls b) Quoins c) Hearting d) Side View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Spalls are chips of stones for filling interstices in stone masonry.
Hearting is an interior portion of a wall between facing and backing. Side is a surface forming boundary of bricks in a direction transverse to face and bed.10. Which bond comprises of one course of a header to three or five courses of stretchers? a) Dutch bond b) Zig-zag bond c) English garden-wall bond d) Facing bond View Answer Answer: c Explanation: Dutch bond is a modified form of English bond.
Three fourth bat is used next to header in stretcher course. Bricks are laid in zig-zag way in zig-zag bond. In facing bond, bricks of different thickness are used in facing and backing of walls.11. Which IS code gives a code of practice for brick work? a) IS 2212 b) IS 3102 c) IS 3466 d) IS 1077 View Answer Answer: a Explanation: IS 3102 gives the classification of burnt clay solid bricks.
IS 3466 gives the specification for masonry cement. IS 1077 gives the guidelines regarding common burnt clay building bricks. Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Basic Civil Engineering. To practice all areas of Basic Civil Engineering,, Next Steps:
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- 1 Are there different types of masonry?
- 2 What is a masonry brick?
- 3 What is called masonry?
- 4 What are the 7 types of bonds?
- 5 How many types of cement are there?
- 6 What are the 3 types of stone used in masonry?
Are there different types of masonry?
Veneer Masonry Vs. Solid Masonry – In simplicity, there are two main types of masonry work, veneer and solid masonry. Veneer masonry is usually put to use for aesthetic purposes as opposed to creating a sturdy structure. This type of masonry includes pasting together materials to the outside of another structure, which provides the base for support.
How many types of brick bonds are there?
There are five basic structural bonds commonly used today which create typical patterns. These are: Running bond, common or American bond, Flemish bond, English bond and block or stack bond, as illustrated in Fig.
What is a masonry brick?
Brick masonry is a sturdy form of construction where bricks are systematically placed in a mortar to create a solid structure. Brick is one of the most durable and versatile building materials used for both commercial and residential homes. Masonry buildings not only go up fast but are also designed to last for a long time.
- The technique used in construction, as well as the performance of the entire brick masonry, offers many benefits to a homeowner.
- It delivers a structurally sound building with unique attributes that improve life cycle costs.
- This article provides in-depth information about brick masonry and its benefits.
Understanding the Nature of Brick Masonry Masonry units are often bound together by cement mortar to create a structure. The bricks are made of hardened clay and can be manufactured through dry press, soft mud or wire cut. In the soft mud process, clay and sand are mixed with water and ash or lime to create a mud-like consistency.
- It is then compressed by hydraulic presses into steel molds before the bricks are fired in ovens to make them strong.
- This process is quite similar to dry press only that the latter uses a thicker mixture of drier clay and more hydraulic power to compress the mix into the molds.
- Unlike the soft mud, the dry press process achieves edges that are more defined and is priced a bit higher.
The color of brick is derived from the heating process and may vary depending on the various minerals added to the mixture. Benefits of Brick Masonry
Brick masonry has been used for many generations to build structures because it is incredibly strong. The rich heritage of historic buildings all over the world bears strong evidence as to the durability and suitability of brick masonry. Brick buildings are known to be strong enough to withstand various natural elements ranging from heavy rains, snow, and wind.
An energy-efficient building attracts low maintenance costs because it relies less on artificial techniques of heating and cooling. Bricks have a high thermal mass, which makes them one of the most energy-efficient building materials. They can absorb and retain solar heat energy for some time before releasing it slowly to the environment.
Cost is one of the main factors you need to consider if you want to build a structure that is more durable and long lasting. Brick masonry is an affordable option among other popular building materials because of the availability of clay, sand, and other minerals used in its composition.
Unlike houses made of wood, brick masonry does not burn under fire. Therefore, it helps protect your valuable things including the building and its contents. Fire separation walls and masonry firewalls are inherently fire resistant, noncombustible, and economical to construct.
It is Sustainable
Bricks are made from clay and organic minerals, which are widely available from their naturally abundant sources. The long-lasting life cycle of brick masonry offers environmental and health benefits because bricks are re-usable and free from contaminants.
All these factors make brick the ultimate material in economical and responsible home building design. Brick masonry adds a distinctive style to any home and its natural color creates striking contrasts that are appealing to many homeowners. Brick is energy efficient, which makes it ideal for modern buildings, as it reduces the cost of heating and cooling your home.
The solid walls are created for dynamic family life and are designed to last for several years with very low maintenance. Brick masonry is an ecological form of construction that is more durable than cast, wood, and other building materials.
What is the most common type of masonry?
Applications – Masonry is commonly used for walls and buildings. Brick and concrete block are the most common types of masonry in use in industrialized nations and may be either load-bearing or non-load-bearing. Concrete blocks, especially those with hollow cores, offer various possibilities in masonry construction.
- They generally provide great compressive strength and are best suited to structures with light transverse loading when the cores remain unfilled.
- Filling some or all of the cores with concrete or concrete with steel reinforcement (typically ) offers much greater tensile and lateral strength to structures.
Masonry workers are typically paid hourly depending on their position.
What is called masonry?
Masonry, the art and craft of building and fabricating in stone, clay, brick, or concrete block. Construction of poured concrete, reinforced or unreinforced, is often also considered masonry.
What are the 7 types of bonds?
Treasury bonds, GSE bonds, investment-grade bonds, high-yield bonds, foreign bonds, mortgage-backed bonds and municipal bonds – explained by Beth Stanton.
What are the 4 types bonds?
crystal – Types of bonds The properties of a can usually be predicted from the valence and bonding preferences of its atoms. Four main bonding types are discussed here: ionic, covalent, metallic, and molecular. Hydrogen-bonded solids, such as, make up another category that is important in a few crystals.
- There are many examples of solids that have a single bonding type, while other solids have a mixture of types, such as covalent and metallic or covalent and ionic.
- Exhibits ionic bonding.
- The has a single in its outermost shell, while needs one electron to fill its outer shell.
- Donates one to chlorine, forming a sodium (Na + ) and a chlorine (Cl − ).
Each ion thus attains a closed outer shell of electrons and takes on a spherical shape. In addition to having filled shells and a spherical shape, the ions of an ionic solid have integer valence. An ion with positive valence is called a, In an ionic solid the cations are surrounded by ions with negative valence, called,
- Similarly, each anion is surrounded by cations.
- Since opposite charges attract, the preferred bonding occurs when each ion has as many neighbours as possible, consistent with the ion radii.
- Six or eight nearest neighbours are typical; the number depends on the size of the and not on the bond angles.
- The alkali halide crystals are binaries of the AH type, where A is an alkali ion (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, or cesium) and H is a halide ion (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine).
The crystals have bonding, and each ion has six or eight neighbours. Metal ions in the (magnesium, calcium, barium, and strontium ) have two electrons in their outer shells and form divalent cations in ionic crystals. The (oxygen, sulfur, selenium, and tellurium) need two electrons to fill their outer p -shell.
(Electron shells are divided into subshells, designated as s, p, d, f, g, and so forth. Each subshell is divided further into orbitals.) Two electrons are transferred from the cations to the anions, leaving each with a closed shell. The earth chalcogenides form crystals such as (BaO), (CaS), barium selenide (BaSe), or strontium oxide (SrO).
They have the same structure as sodium chloride, with each atom having six neighbours. can be combined with various cations to form a large number of ionically bonded solids.,,, and a few other elements form covalently bonded solids. In these elements there are four electrons in the outer -shell, which is half filled.
- The s p -shell is a hybrid formed from one s and one p subshell.) In the an atom shares one (outer-shell) electron with each of its four nearest neighbour atoms.
- The bonds are highly directional and prefer a tetrahedral arrangement.
- A covalent bond is formed by two —one from each atom—located in orbitals between the ions.
Insulators, in contrast, have all their electrons within shells inside the atoms. The perpetual spin of an electron is an important aspect of the covalent bond. From a vantage point above the spinning particle, counterclockwise rotation is designated spin-up, while clockwise rotation is spin-down.
- A fundamental law of is the, which states that no two electrons can occupy the same point in space at the same time with the same direction of spin.
- In a covalent bond two electrons occupy the same small volume of space ( i.e., the same orbital) at all times, so they must have opposite spin: one up and one down.
The exclusion principle is then satisfied, and the resulting bond is strong. In the carbon atoms are arranged in parallel sheets, and each atom has only three near neighbours. The covalent bonds between carbons within each layer are quite strong and are called bonds.
- The fourth in carbon has its orbital perpendicular to the plane.
- This orbital bonds weakly with the similar orbitals on all three neighbours, forming bonds.
- The four bonds for each carbon atom in the graphite structure are not arranged in a tetrahedron; three are in a plane.
- The planar arrangement results in strong bonding, although not as strong as the bonding in the configuration.
The bonding between layers is quite weak and arises from the ; there is much slippage parallel to the layers. Diamond and graphite form an interesting contrast: diamond is the hardest material in nature and is used as an, while graphite is used as a lubricant.
Besides the elemental semiconductors, such as silicon and germanium, some binary crystals are covalently bonded. has three electrons in the outer shell, while lacks three. (GaAs) could be formed as an insulator by transferring three electrons from gallium to arsenic; however, this does not occur. Instead, the bonding is more covalent, and gallium arsenide is a covalent,
The outer shells of the gallium atoms contribute three electrons, and those of the arsenic atoms contribute five, providing the eight electrons needed for four covalent bonds. The centres of the bonds are not at the midpoint between the ions but are shifted slightly toward the arsenic.
- Such bonding is typical of the — i.e., those consisting of one element from the third column of the and one from the,
- Elements from the third column (boron, aluminum, gallium, and indium) contribute three electrons, while the fifth-column elements (nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, and antimony) contribute five electrons.
All III–V semiconductors are covalently bonded and typically have the structure with four neighbours per atom. Most common favour this arrangement. The factor that determines whether a binary crystal will act as an or a semiconductor is the valence of its constituent atoms.
- That donate or accept one or two valence electrons form insulators.
- Those that have three to five valence electrons tend to have covalent bonds and form semiconductors.
- There are exceptions to these rules, however, as is the case with the IV–VI semiconductors such as lead sulfide.
- Heavier elements from the fourth column of the periodic table (germanium, tin, and lead) with the chalcogenides from the sixth row to form good binary semiconductors such as germanium telluride (GeTe) or tin sulfide (SnS).
They have the sodium chloride structure, where each atom has six neighbours. Although not tetrahedrally bonded, they are good semiconductors. Filled atomic shells with -orbitals have an important role in covalent bonding. Electrons in atomic orbits have ( L ), which is quantized in integer ( n ) multiples of h : L = n h,
- Electron orbitals with n = 0 are called -states, with n = 1 are -states, and with n = 2 are d -states.
- And ions have one valence electron outside their closed shells.
- The outermost filled shell is a d -state and affects the bonding.
- Eight crystals are formed from the copper and,
- Three (AgF, AgCl, AgBr) have the sodium chloride structure with six neighbours.
The other five (AgI, CuF, CuCl, CuBr, CuI) have the zinc blende structure with four neighbours. The bonding in this group of solids is on the borderline between covalent and ionic, since the crystals prefer both types of bonds. The halides exhibit somewhat different behaviour.
The alkali metals are also monovalent cations, but their halides are strictly ionic. The difference in bonding between the alkali metals on the one hand and silver and copper on the other hand is that silver and copper have filled d -shells while the alkalis have filled p -shells. Since the d -shells are filled, they do not covalently bond.
This group of electrons is, however, highly polarizable, which influences the bonding of the valence electrons. Similar behaviour is found for and, which have two valence electrons outside a filled d -shell. They form binary crystals with the chalcogenides, which have tetrahedral bonding.
In this case the covalent bonding seems to be preferred over the, In contrast, the alkaline earth chalcogenides, which are also divalent, have outer p -shells and are ionic. The zinc and cadmium chalcogenides are covalent, as the outer d -shell electrons of the two cations favour covalent bonding. Metallic bonds fall into two categories.
The first is the case in which the are from the -shells of the metal ions; this bonding is quite weak. In the second category the valence electrons are from partially filled d -shells, and this bonding is quite strong. The d -bonds dominate when both types of bonding are present.
The are bonded with s p -electrons. The electrons of these metal atoms are in filled atomic shells except for a few electrons that are in unfilled s p -shells. The electrons from the unfilled shells are detached from the metal ion and are free to wander throughout the crystal. They are called, since they are responsible for the electrical conductivity of metals.
Although the conduction electrons may roam anywhere in the crystal, they are distributed uniformly throughout the entire solid. Any large imbalance of charge is prevented by the strong electrical attraction between the negative electrons and the positive ions, plus the strong repulsion between electrons.
The phrase electron correlation describes the correlated movements of the electrons; the motion of each electron depends on the positions of neighbouring electrons. Electrons have strong short-range order with one another. Correlation ensures that each unit cell in the crystal has, on the average, the number of electrons needed to cancel the positive charge of the cation so that the unit cell is electrically neutral.
is the energy gained by arranging the atoms in a crystalline state, as compared with the state. Insulators and semiconductors have large energies; these solids are bound together strongly and have good mechanical strength. Metals with electrons in s p -bonds have very small cohesive energies.
- This type of is weak; the crystals are barely held together.
- Single crystals of simple metals such as are mechanically weak.
- At room the crystals have the mechanical consistency of warm butter.
- Special care must be used in handling these crystals, because they are easily distorted.
- Metals such as magnesium or aluminum must be alloyed or polycrystalline to have any mechanical strength.
Although the simple metals are found in a variety of structures, most are in one of the three closest-packed structures: fcc, bcc, and hcp. calculations show that the cohesive energy of a given metal is almost the same in each of the different crystal arrangements; therefore, crystal arrangements are unimportant in metals bound with electrons from s p -shells.
A different type of metallic bonding is found in, which are metals whose atoms are characterized by unfilled d -shells. The d -orbitals are more tightly bound to an ion than the s p -orbitals. Electrons in d -shells do not wander away from the ion. The d -orbitals form a covalent bond with the d -orbitals on the neighbouring atoms.
The bonding of d -orbitals does not occur in a tetrahedral arrangement but has a different directional preference. In metals the bonds from d -orbitals are not completely filled with electrons. This situation is different from the tetrahedral bonds in semiconductors, which are filled with eight electrons.
In metals the covalent bonds formed with the d -electrons are much stronger than the weak bonds made with the s p -electrons of simple metals. The cohesive energy is much larger in transition metals. Titanium, iron, and tungsten, for example, have exceptional mechanical strength. Crystal arrangements are important in the behaviour of the transition metals and occur in the close-packed fcc, bcc, or hcp arrangements.
: crystal – Types of bonds
What is fourth class brick?
Fourth Class Bricks – Fourth class bricks have poor quality and not used for construction. These bricks are crushed and used as aggregates for making of concrete. The bricks which are over-burnt and due to this these bricks are brittle. These bricks are easily breakable and not suitable for construction.
How many types of cement are there?
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Aug 28 Posted on Thursday, 28 August 2014 in Blog Cement is a versatile and complex structure with interchangeable compounds and properties. There are six different types of cement with specific defining behaviours and chemical compositions. Below we look at each type and what makes them unique.
Type I; Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). This is a general purpose cement with no special properties. It is not Sulphate resistant and creates a fair amount of heat during the hydration process. Type IP; Blended Cement (Pozzolan). This is also a general purpose cement, mainly used for concreting and plastering. Its benefits include: increased long term strength, improved workability and Slump retention, reduced impact of reactive aggregates, reduced risk of cracking due to lower heat of hydration, more durable concrete, reduced greenhouse gases. Type II Cement. Used when mild sulphate resistance and/or a moderate heat of hydration is required. It is also useful for foundation works in areas with moderate levels of Sulphate in the ground water. It usually gains strength at a slightly slower rate than Type I and has a lower heat of hydration than Type I. Type III Cement. Classified as a rapid hardening cement, it is finer than Type I and has a higher C 3 S content and Sulphite level. It also gains “28 day: Strength in 7 days. Useful where the formwork must be quickly stripped or areas that allow traffic early on the road surfaces. Type V (SR Cement. A high sulphate resisting (SR) cement, has a very low heat of hydration and gains strength at a slower rate than type II and I. Used in applications where the soil has high levels of Sulphate/alkali containing compounds in the ground water, sewage systems, piers and platforms on the coast. Class “G” Oil Well Cement. This cement is a specialty cement made for Oil and Gas industry, it has special behavioural properties for high temperature and pressure applications. It is highly resistant to Sulphate and can be blended with a variety of additives to modify behaviour under unique well conditions.
What is a Type 4 wall?
Type IV-HT (Heavy Timber) construction is that type of construction in which the exterior walls are of noncombustible materials and the interior building elements are of solid wood, laminated heavy timber or structural composite lumber (SCL), without concealed spaces or with concealed spaces complying with Section
What are the 4 masonry products and properties?
Masonry units are available in sizes, shapes, colors, textures, and profiles for practically every conceivable need. Historically, units came from a variety of sources and included materials such as rock and stone, either natural or cut. Today, units most commonly used are concrete block or clay brick, offering standardized sizes and mechanical properties.
The units are joined together by mortars made from a binder consisting of one or more cements for masonry, sand, and water. Portland cement plaster, or stucco, is made from the same material as mortars, and as such, is sometimes considered to be a masonry product as well. Masonry is widely used to construct small and large structures because of its attractive appearance, minimum maintenance, safety ( fire resistance and wind/earthquake resistance ), and economy.
Masonry provides an effective barrier to sound and reduces internal temperature variations and peak loads on heating and cooling systems. It provides architectural freedom and versatility with striking aesthetic appeal. Almost any shape of structure is possible.
- When high winds occur, reinforced masonry buildings resist the pressures and flying debris that can knock down or damage less robust construction.
- Masonry can offer fire resistant qualities that saves homes.
- Masonry also resists weathering and vandalism.
- The durability and minimum maintenance extend a building’s useful life, providing an enduring, high-quality appearance.
Modern masonry products include portland cement plaster (stucco), cements for masonry, mortars, concrete block, and clay brick. These materials can be used on the interior or exterior of structures in a wide range of environments. Load-bearing walls serve a structural purpose, while veneers and claddings, frequently used as architectural finishes, also function as weather barriers.
- Whichever materials are used, modern masonry construction provides durability, safety, aesthetic appeal, and other benefits in a cost-effective manner.
- Brick Brick is the oldest manufactured building material.
- The earliest brick, made from mud (sometimes with added straw), was invented almost 10,000 years ago.
Clay brick started to appear about 5,000 years ago, when builders borrowed pottery manufacturing techniques to improve its strength and durability. From some of the oldest known structures to modern buildings, clay brick has a history of providing shelter that is durable, comfortable, safe, and attractive.
- Cements for Masonry Cements for masonry include masonry cement (ASTM C 91) and mortar cement (ASTM C 1329).
- They are hydraulic cements designed for use in mortar for masonry construction.
- Masonry cement consists of a mixture of portland cement or blended hydraulic cement and plasticizing materials (such as limestone or hydrated or hydraulic lime), together with other materials introduced to enhance one or more properties such as setting time, workability, water retention and durability.
These components are proportioned at the cement plant under controlled conditions to assure uniformity of performance. Concrete Masonry Units Since 1882, when the first concrete block was molded, concrete masonry units have become a standard building material.
Concrete blocks create structures that are economical, energy efficient, fire-resistant, and involve minimal maintenance. In addition, concrete masonry allows architectural freedom and versatility. Mortar & Grout Masonry mortar is composed of one or more cementitious materials, clean well-graded masonry sand, and sufficient water to produce a plastic, workable mixture.
Grout for masonry is composed of similar materials, but is generally mixed to a much more fluid condition. It may also contain coarse aggregate. Stucco Stucco, the common term for portland cement plaster, is a popular exterior finish for buildings. It provides an economical hard surface that is rot, rust, and fire resistant, which can be colored and finished in a wide range of textures to adorn any architectural style.
What are the 3 types of stone used in masonry?
1. Stones – The stones used for masonry construction must be hard, tough and free from cracks, sand holes, and cavities. The selection of stone for particular work is dependent on the availability of the stone and the importance of the structure. The common stones used for masonry construction are limestone, sandstone, granite, marble, laterite, etc.
What are common masonry types?
Masonry entails the art and craft of building using clay, stone, brick and other varying materials. It is often deemed an art or science that has been in use since the medieval times in the building of monumental structures such as the Great Wall of China and the phenomenal pyramids in Egypt.
Brick has been very popular since the old times hence it is very central and pivotal in every discussion regarding masonry materials. This is because it is the most preferred mode of construction when it comes to masonry building. Many reputable builders therefore use this masonry material since it is has been well proven for thousands of years.
- It has many benefits, as it is resistant to wind and fire hence it cannot be ruined by these elements.
- Another advantage is that it is very instrumental in the control of moisture.
- More so, it has also been famed for its energy efficiency thus proving to be a very good fit for use as a masonry material in your home.
However, brick is very bulky and heavy hence it can exert a lot of stress and pressure on the constructed foundation or structure and the consequent repair of the damage caused is very pricey.
Precast concrete blocks are very huge and dense. This culminates into very quick erection of the walls. The concrete blocks are a very good insulation material. Any additional maintenance and utility costs are significantly reduced. They are also cost effective and very fitting for bigger projects thus rendering them exceedingly popular.
Just like brick, stucco is also not prone to damage. It is highly resistant to fire and wind and it is very durable. However, it entails a very alarming concern of a pile up of moisture, which occurs on the downward slopes. The other downside is that this material also includes some very mucky work.
Natural Rock and Stone
Similarly, this material is fire resistant and moisture free hence, there is no accumulation of the same. It has proven to be very firm and it has been defying varying elements for multiple times. A structure made of natural rock and stone that has been erected properly can last and be upright for many years.
- This is attributed to its durability.
- It is never affected by the daily conditions that result to severe wear and tear as is common in other types of masonry materials.
- It is very strong and it has the potential to withstand most conditions whether minor, extreme or adverse such as wind, snow or rain among others.
More so, it is very appealing as it entails varying colors that you can choose from. Unlike stucco, it involves minimal maintenance work. Generally, you can be very flexible with natural rock or stone hence the outcome can be solely predicated on your versatility and the scope of your creativity.
There are several types of block masonry, which include solid concrete, hollow concrete and AAC autoclaved concrete block masonry. Solid concrete blocks have become very popular in recent times as they provide very good stability. Hollow concrete masonry significantly diminishes the overall weight of a given structure and the number of joints being used.
AAC autoclaved block masonry entails a lightweight but surprisingly durable building material that is eco-friendly as it uses fly ash. In short, the bigger or larger these blocks are, the faster the masonry work. The foregoing clearly highlights the various types of masonry materials that you can consider for use in the construction of your house.
Brick, precast concrete, natural stone, and block masonry all make great masonry materials that you can consider for your house. Their pros and cons have also been clearly postulated in order to make sure that you make a perfect decision. However, it is prudent for you to liaise with a professional masonry contractor who should properly advise you on the best possible material that is ideal for your house based on your unique preferences and style.