How to Draw A Construction Worker holding a hammer
- Step 1 Let’s start building this character by creating the head using a large oval shape. Next, draw a small rectangle to form the body of the cartoon character.
- Step 2 Great!
- Step 3 Good!
- Step 4 On top of the helmet, draw a long vertical stripe.
- Step 5 On top of the helmet, draw two more stripes like shown below.
- Step 6 Nice work!
What can 7 year olds draw?
6 Years: Drawings Represent Interests and Experience – By 6 or 7 years, children have their own style of drawing, which can usually be recognized by adults. Shapes By the time they are 7, they will be able to form good circles, squares, rectangles, triangles and diamonds in their drawings. Drawing other images Drawings represent all kinds of animals and things, usually those that interest them the most. They tend to draw animals with human-like faces. Understanding At this stage, children show their higher level of cognition by drawing people, animals and objects on a baseline, such as on the ground or grass. They also show perception by drawing, for example, trees higher than the house or flowers that are small. This drawing shows a child’s greater understanding of depth and distance. The way they see the world comes through their drawings. They leave out unimportant things and enlarge things that are important to them. They may draw a small door on a house, just big enough for themselves, or very high windows, since they cannot reach them.
What are the 3 types of drawing?
Types of Drawing – Just as there are different types of painting, there are also different types of drawing, ranging from more representational to more abstract. They can be broken down into three different types: realistic, symbolic, and expressive modes of drawing.
Realistic Drawing Realistic drawing is what most people in Western cultures think of when they think of drawing – capturing what we see with our eyes and representing the three-dimensional world onto a two-dimensional surface using the elements of art such as line, shape, color, value, texture, space, and form.
People have long valued the ability to be able to reproduce through drawing their environment and surroundings, and this is how drawing is generally taught. Many artists keep sketchbooks for that purpose, either as studies for bigger works and paintings or as finished artworks in their own right.
Indeed, this is an important type of drawing and involves learning how to see and how to accurately transfer what you see onto a two-dimensional surface. There are many excellent books that teach a student how to see and how to draw. Betty Edward’s book, Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain (Buy from Amazon) is one of them, as is Bert Dodson’s, Keys to Drawing,
Symbolic Drawing Symbolic drawing is actually much more common than you might expect. If you can write your name you are using symbolic drawing, The letters or marks you make stand for your name. Paul Klee (1879-1940) was an artist who used a variety of symbols–a shorthand notation of lines, marks, or shapes that stand for something else–in his paintings and drawings.
You can create your own symbols and use them within a composition. Symbolic drawings can still be recognizable as the object or event they represent but in a simplified, more graphic form. Expressive Drawing Expressive drawing often communicates ideas or emotions that are not visible or tangible. Expressive drawings may capture movement and energy, feelings, memories, or even the spiritual realm.
Gesture drawings can be quite expressive, capturing the energy of a figure’s movement, or the delicate motion of a flower. The distinction between these different types of drawing is not always distinct and a single drawing can incorporate any or all three of these modes.
What is the proper order of drawings in a construction set?
Sheet Types – The Sheet Types designator takes the drawings of a single discipline and organizes them. Drawings are always organized from most general to most specific or specialized. Since plans are most helpful to see the overall design of the project, they come first.
|General: Symbol legend, abbreviations, general notes|
|4||Large Scale Drawings: plans, elevations, sections (NOT details)|
|6||Schedules and Diagrams|
|9||3D drawings: isometric, perspective, photos|
What is a working drawing in construction?
Production information is ‘.the information prepared by designers, which is passed to a construction team to enable a project to be constructed ‘ (ref. CPIC The importance of production information ). Production information is incorporated into tender documentation and then the contract documents for the construction works, Production information may include:
Drawings, such as working drawings, Specifications, Bills of quantities or schedules of work,
Working drawings provide dimensioned, graphical information that can be used; by a contractor to construct the works, or by suppliers to fabricate components of the works or to assemble or install components, They may include architectural drawings, structural drawings, civil drawings, mechanical drawings, electrical drawings, and so on.
- Traditionally, working drawings consist of two-dimensional orthogonal projections of the building or component they are describing, such as plans, sections and elevations,
- These may be drawn to scale by hand, or prepared using Computer Aided Design ( CAD ) software,
- However, increasingly, building information modelling ( BIM ) is being used to create three-dimensional representations of buildings and their components for construction,
This may be described as a virtual construction model (VCM) and can comprise a number of different models prepared by different members of the project team, Working drawings may include title blocks, dimensions, notation and symbols, It is important that these are consistent with industry standards so that their precise meaning is clear and can be understood.
Specification information can be included on working drawings or in a separate specification, but information should not be duplicated as this can become contradictory and may cause confusion. The scale at which drawings are prepared should reflect the level of detail of the information they are required to convey.
Different line thicknesses can be used to provide greater clarity for certain elements, It is important that the purpose of the drawings and the people that will use them are considered. Working drawings might be prepared for; statutory approvals, for contractors to plan the construction works, to provide instructions on site, for the procurement of components, for the preparation of shop drawings, for the appointment of subcontractors and so on.
- Drawings must be structured carefully so that they convey necessary information to carry out particular parts of the works,
- To give greater clarity, they may be separated into packages, so that information is specifically tailored to separate parts of the works, specific components, or separate suppliers or trades,
It may be necessary to produce some packages earlier than others, for example, for items with long manufacturing times such as switchgear, chiller units, lifts, escalators or bespoke cladding systems, or for front-end construction such as service diversions, demolition, setting out details, underground drainage, piling and groundworks,
Poor co-ordination of information, Errors and omissions. Information not getting to the right people. Poor presentation.
Responsibility for the preparation of production information will depend on the selected system of procurement and the chosen form of contract, On traditional contracts (and management contracts and construction management contracts ), production information may be produced by a consultant team, working for the client,
Some specialist elements of production information may be produced by specialist contractors, co-ordinated by the lead designer, On other forms of contract, such as design and build, responsibility for preparing and co-ordinating production information may lie with the main contractor, Working drawings may be updated when the works are complete to show ‘ as constructed ‘ information, reflecting changes to the works that may have occurred during the construction process,
Carefully prepared working drawings can be very beautiful and the very best have been exhibited as works of art, NB Roles in construction projects: analysis and terminology, by Hughes, W. and Murdoch, J. R, published in 2001 by the University of Reading, suggests that working drawings is: ‘A term that used to be common but seems to have fallen into disuse, describing information produced by designers for builders,’
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