Your Step-by-Step Guide to Successfully Manage Every Construction Project When wondering how to manage a construction project step by step, you need to consider both project management principles and construction’s unique aspects. By overlaying one on the other, you get steps tailored to the unique needs of every construction project.
- Those needs begin with project knowledge.
- Here are five key steps to help you successfully manage every project: Know and understand the scope The first rule when managing construction projects is to know the scope.
- Without knowing what you are building, you will find yourself starting from scratch and constantly adjusting for unknowns.
You need to know more than the dimensions and materials. You have to understand the owner’s use cases, their ideas on quality, and what they consider valuable. You should also be very familiar with the rules of engagement or the contract documents. All construction contracts will outline your responsibilities and the responsibilities of all others that are parties to the contract.
These include claims, change orders, existing conditions, payments, retainage and delays. The contract also names all the documents that make up the contract. When the contract, contract documents, and the scope are taken together, you have a complete picture of the project. Know the participants and their roles As the construction project manager, you are usually working for a general contractor or directly, or indirectly, for the owner.
However, you must manage and deal with many other parties. When you know who those parties are and what they handle, you can apply that knowledge when working with the schedule. You can also use that knowledge when making plans for change orders and risk reduction.
- You should try to be more familiar with all parties than simply remain acquaintances.
- You need to have trusting relationships with everyone on the project and that usually means knowing a little about them, what they value, and how they view their roles in the project.
- Other important relationships include those with suppliers, third-party inspectors, banking representatives, and insurance and bonding partners.
These people play important roles in the project and as the project manager, they will often look to you for information needed to fulfill their roles. Develop and maintain a schedule Construction projects live and die by the schedule, so it is one of the most important aspects of,
You must build a schedule or oversee its creation, focusing constantly on risks. Whether risks to the budget, risks to the schedule, or both, construction projects all have a great deal of risk. When you account for the risks, you eliminate or mitigate them with planning, or you insure against them. The second most important aspect of scheduling is accuracy.
Accurate schedules come from accurate work breakdowns and accurate time, materials and equipment estimating. When, it’s a good idea to review the estimate to spot any missed items or items that haven’t been broken down sufficiently. When items are estimated at too high of a level, they are rarely detailed enough to be accurate.
- Once the project construction is underway, you need to maintain the schedule.
- You often need daily reviews to account for changes in how much work was completed the previous day.
- These same reviews help to establish accurate payments so the budget tracks with the schedule.
- Manage change As long as construction is ongoing, change is happening.
Not only are activities getting completed, but they are also getting delayed. You must balance the budget against the schedule as changes happen. You do that by keeping the forward movement on the critical path while adjusting crews, materials, and equipment to mitigate the forces of change.
Some days you are the one to ask for favors, while other days you are granting them. Some days you are enforcing contract stipulations, and other days you are using contract stipulations yourself. This step in managing a construction project is the one with the most variables. In classic management jargon, this is the controlling stage of management.
It’s here that you:
– measure performance;– compare performance to the specifications;– find reasons for any deviations;– take corrective actions.
You will usually compare performance to activity completion in the schedule. You will also compare performance to the money flowing outward to pay for the work. These are the critical aspects of change management on any construction project. Get this right, and your project will hum along to completion with only minor hiccups.
- Close the project The project will only be complete when the owner cuts the last check and accepts the work.
- Closing the project is much more than a ceremonial milestone.
- It is when systems get tested and approved and when many errors in individual tasks and activities get corrected.
- In this step, you will also prepare and turn over all the documentation used to build the project.
From operating manuals for system components to as-built drawings showing how changes affected the original plans, this is when you provide the owner with all the information necessary to manage the build through the rest of its life. But even before distributing last payments to those parties who partnered with you, you are already preparing for the next project.
- Besides closing the project for the owner, you are closing it for yourself, and that includes recording lessons learned.
- Throughout the project you tracked aspects of your own performance and how your partners performed.
- Now, it’s time to catalog all that data and draw conclusions.
- Some data, like the hours crews worked on specific tasks, become new multiplication factors for your estimating.
Other data, like incorrect assemblies by subcontractors, is added to your subcontractor qualifying process. In short, this is where you take lessons, learn from them and get ready to apply them to the next project. This keeps you on the path to constant improvement.
What are the 6 typical phases of a project construction?
When it comes to a construction project, nothing happens overnight. There are a lot of moving parts, and every job requires meticulous planning and oversight. But rather than deal with the project as one big undertaking, it’s more manageable to break it down into segments or construction phases.
- There are six critical stages of construction: pre-construction, sitework, rough framing, exterior construction, MEP (mechanical, electrical, and plumbing), and finishing.
- Some stakeholders consider the stages of construction in terms of pre-construction (bidding, plans, specifications, and drawings), construction (including all aspects of building), and post-construction (project close-out, punch lists, and occupancy).
In any case, breaking a construction project down into stages is essential for managing the complexity involved with so many people, materials, plans, and more. We’ll cover all of the major stages in this article, so read on for a detailed look at what it takes to move a construction project from beginning to end.
What are the six key function of construction management?
Function – The functions of construction management typically include the following:
- Specifying project objectives and plans including delineation of scope, budgeting, scheduling, setting performance requirements, and selecting project participants.
- Maximizing the resource efficiency through procurement of labor, materials and equipment.
- Implementing various operations through proper coordination and control of planning, design, estimating, contracting and construction in the entire process.
- Developing effective communications and mechanisms for resolving conflicts.
The Construction Management Association of America (CMAA) states the most common responsibilities of a Construction Manager fall into the following 7 categories: Project Management Planning, Cost Management, Time Management, Quality Management, Contract Administration, Safety Management, and CM Professional Practice.
What are the 4 C’s in project management?
To solve this problem, PBL has evolved to include a new Gold Standard that incorporates the ‘Four Cs’ of the Partnership for 21st Century Learning: communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity.
What is Step 7 of the 12 steps?
How Step 7 Works – Step 7 is the last step in a phase of recovery that began with step 4, During this period of the process, the goal is to work on addressing personal issues, including some of the shortcomings and flaws that contribute to problematic alcohol consumption.
- Step 7 asks people to humble themselves and acknowledge that they are not perfect.
- This is accomplished by asking a higher power to help remove these shortcomings.
- It is important to remember that for some people, this may involve asking God, as they understand Him, for help.
- However, belief in God or a specific religious tradition is not required to complete the 12 steps of AA.
This means that for some people, step 7 may involve different types of prayer. Others may ask for guidance or strength through meditation or other spiritual practices. Step 7 of AA also includes a prayer that people can recite as they strive to become more connected to their higher power and spiritual practice: “My creator, I am now willing that you should have all of me, good and bad.
What is PPC in construction?
2.Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC): – PPC cement is generally used for plastering, brick masonry and waterproofing works. PPC has a lower heat of hydration and it is prone to fewer cracks compared to OPC. PPC has lower strength than OPC but PPC provides better workability and finishing than OPC. PPC provides greater resistance to chemicals.
What are types 3/4 and 5 construction?
Although many buildings look similar at first glance, the underlying materials affect their cost and durability — especially in an emergency. Building codes classify all structures from Type 1 to Type 5, and this building type reveals crucial information such as fire resistance.
- Some modern buildings have become stronger and cheaper to build.
- However, manufactured materials like engineered lumber and synthetic plastics burn easily, leading to fast collapses and additional hazards for firefighters.
- The most fire-resistant buildings, Type 1 structures, are constructed with concrete and protected steel, which can withstand high temperatures without collapsing.
By contrast, Type 5 structures, the least fire-resistant, are lightweight and made of combustible materials that collapse soon after catching fire. In this post, we will cover all five construction types:
Type 1: Fire-resistive : High-rise buildings made of concrete and protected steel Type 2: Non-combustible : Newer buildings with tilt-slab or reinforced masonry walls and a metal roof Type 3: Ordinary : New or old buildings with non-combustible walls but a wood-framed roof Type 4: Heavy Timber : Older buildings made from thick lumber Type 5: Wood-framed : Modern buildings with combustible framing and roofs
Read on to learn more about the five building construction types.