What Are The Requisites Of Sentence Construction?

What Are The Requisites Of Sentence Construction
Basically there are three basic requirements as a good sentence viz. Clarity, Consistency and Consciousness.

What is construction of sentence?

A sentence follows Subject + Verb + Object word order. He (subject) obtained (verb) his degree (object).

What is the most important in sentence construction?

Verbs 1 – IN DISCUSSING sentence construction, we have stressed that the verb is the most important part of the sentence. Verbs are the words which provide the motive power for the sentence. The engine can run at tick-over speed, in which case the verb is simply expressing a state of existence (i.e.

I smile ). Or the engine can give directions to the sentence. These verbs are transitive verbs and take an object. We have seen that verbs can be transitive or intransitive and we have also seen that transitive verbs can be used intransitively.E.g. I paint pictures ( transitive ). I paint ( intransitive ).

In addition, we have said that verbs can be linking verbs (e.g. the verb to be ) in which case they take a complement, It is also necessary to recognise three other attributes of the verb-voice, tense and mood,

Why sentence construction is important?

Chapter 2 Good sentence structure is essential to good writing; it adds both clarity and interest. Poor sentence structure can befuddle or weary the audience, making the task of reading more unpleasant than informative. One important way to enliven a piece of writing is to vary the length and structure of your sentences.

Try reading aloud something you have written. Listen to the rhythm and flow of the sentences. Is there interest and variety? Or do you feel as though there is a kind of repetitive drone? If the latter is the case, you may be in a sentence structure rut! Try mixing things up a bit. Vary sentence length.

Vary the way you combine ideas. Some writers overuse long, convoluted sentences, obscuring their ideas behind complex syntax. Busy professionals simply do not want to reread sentences to try to figure out what the writer meant. On the other hand, if a piece of writing contains too many short, simple sentences in a row, the writing may sound choppy and unsophisticated, and the reader could lose interest.

2.1 Sentence Structure Basics 2.2 Sentence Variety 2.3 The Dreaded Comma Splice 2.4 Beginning a Sentence with “Because” 2.5 Passive Voice 2.6 Excessive Use of Prepositional Phrases

What is function in sentence construction?

Function refers to the job or role of a constituent in the word order of a sentence whether it is a subject, predicate, object or a complement.

What are the 5 basic structures of a sentence?

Sentence structures and basic sentence types The ability to use language proficiently transcends the natural acquisition which everyone is endowed with. The knowledge of permissible structures and word order is crucial for anyone who desires to speak and write a language confidently.

Words are not arbitrarily arranged; they follow specific orders and are grouped within sentence elements. The knowledge of these sentence elements, as well as the basic sentence types they can generate, is quite essential to language use, especially in written form. On the strength of the foregoing, the rest of this treatise will discuss the five-sentence elements, the word classes that generate them, and the basic sentence types in English.

The five-sentence elements are subject, verb, object, complement, and adjunct (SVOCA). The subject is the performer of an action or the agent of the verb. It is usually at the beginning of a sentence, and it is generated by a noun or any of its equivalents, such as a pronoun, a noun phrase, or a noun clause.

A verb shows the proposition conveyed in a sentence in terms of action, state or process. The verb of a sentence can be generated by one to as many as six verbs, as illustrated below: Jesus (subject) wept (verb). The child (subject) could have been being beaten (verb). The object deals with any noun or its equivalent that receives the action of a transitive verb.

A verb is transitive when its action is transferred to something or someone.

  • Kunle (subject) killed (verb) the goat (object).
  • Moving on, the object could be direct or indirect. The direct object is the direct sufferer of the action of a verb, and it is usually an inanimate noun, while the indirect object is usually an animate noun that serves as the recipient/receiver of the direct object:
  • The man (subject) gave (verb) his friend (indirect object) a book (direct object).
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The complement is the element of a sentence that tells more about the subject or the object. As the name implies, it completes the meaning of a subject or an object. The complement can be a noun or its equivalent, or an adjective, as illustrated below:

  1. Read Also:
  2. Dr GAB (subject) is (verb) a teacher (subject complement).
  3. My students (subject) are (verb) very diligent (subject complement).
  4. We (subject) made (verb) Titi (object) our leader (object complement).
  5. The children (subject) found (verb) the game (object) quite interesting (object complement).

It should be noted that there has to be an object in a sentence before there can be an object complement. This is because the object complement talks more about the object, just as the subject complement completes the meaning of the subject. In the examples cited above, ‘our leader’ refers to the object, ‘Titi’, whereas ‘quite interesting’ describes the object, ‘game’.

  • Femi (subject) lives (verb) there (an adjunct of place).
  • They (subject) arrived (verb) now (an adjunct of time).
  • The boys (subject) moved (verb) quietly (an adjunct of manner).
  • Having established that, it is essential to affirm that adjuncts exhibit three major characteristics, namely mobility, multiplicity, and inversion. Mobility implies that an adjunct can move from one part of a sentence to another, as evidenced in the sentences below:
  • Yesterday, I saw Mary.
  • I saw Mary yesterday.
  • Multiplicity implies that a clause can have one or more adjuncts, as depicted in the accompanying example sentence:
  • Soon (adjunct 1), the man (subject) will declare (verb) his intention (object) publicly (adjunct 2).
  • Inversion involves the use of adjuncts to change the structural form of a sentence. For instance, an adjunct can be used to change a declarative sentence (statement) to an interrogative sentence (question):
  • Kunle (subject) stays (verb) here (adjunct).—statement
  • Where (adjunct) does (verb) Kunle (subject) stay (verb)?—question
  • Having expatiated on the elements of a sentence, the remainder of the piece will present eight basic clause types which are derivable from these sentence elements:
  • V (verb)
  • Come!
  • Sing!
  • SV (subject, verb)
  • The man died.
  • Jesus wept.
  • SVO (subject, verb, object)
  • I saw him.
  • The man stopped her.
  • SVC (subject, verb, complement)
  • I am a proud teacher.
  • Teachers are very diligent.
  • SVA (subject, verb, adjunct)
  • We learn always.
  • Laide cooks well.
  • SVOO (subject, verb, indirect object, direct object)
  • We gifted him a car.
  • He wrote her a letter.
  • SVOC (subject, verb, object, complement)
  • The students made the event so colourful.
  • We considered the act downright ridiculous.
  • SVOCA (subject, verb, object, complement, adjunct)
  • They will call her their servant soon.
  • Many people find this administration frustrating in recent times.

In conclusion, the knowledge of sentence structures makes it easy for language users to break down confusing sentences and disambiguate difficult sentences. For this very reason, mastering the elements of a sentence is crucial for the functional use of language. : Sentence structures and basic sentence types

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How many types of sentences are there in construction?

One of the trickiest patterns to spot is that of repetitive sentence type. Just like subject and length, overusing a sentence type can hinder a reader’s engagement with a text. There are four types of sentences: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. Each sentence is defined by the use of independent and dependent clauses, conjunctions, and subordinators.

Simple sentences: A simple sentence is an independent clause with no conjunction or dependent clause. Compound sentences: A compound sentence is two independent clauses joined by a conjunction (e.g., and, but, or, for, nor, yet, so). Complex sentences: A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The clauses in a complex sentence are combined with conjunctions and subordinators, terms that help the dependent clauses relate to the independent clause. Subordinators can refer to the subject (who, which), the sequence/time (since, while), or the causal elements (because, if) of the independent clause. Compound-complex sentences: A compound-complex sentence contains multiple independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. These sentences will contain both conjunctions and subordinators.

Understanding sentence type will help writers note areas that should be varied through the use of clauses, conjunctions, and subordinators. In her article, Author (Year) noted that the participants did not see a change in symptoms after the treatment.

  • Even during the treatment, Author observed no change in the statements from the participants regarding their symptoms.
  • Based on these findings, I will not use this article for my final project.
  • Because my project will rely on articles that note symptom improvement, Author’s work is not applicable.
  • Notice how the writer relies solely on complex sentences in this paragraph, even placing dependent clauses at the beginning of each sentence.

Here is an example of merely adjusting the placement of these dependent clauses but not the sentence type: In her article, Author (Year) noted that the participants did not see a change in symptoms after the treatment. Author observed, even during treatment, no change in the statements from the participants regarding their symptoms.

  • I will not use this article for my final project based on these findings.
  • Because my project will rely on articles that note symptom improvement, Author’s work is not applicable.
  • While this change in the placement of dependent clauses does avoid a repetitive rhythm to the paragraph, try combining sentences or using conjunctions to create compound or compound-complex sentences to vary sentence type: In her article, Author (Year) noted that the participants did not see a change in symptoms after the treatment.

Author observed, even during treatment, no change in the statements from the participants regarding their symptoms, and based on these findings, I will not use this article for my final project. Because my project will rely on articles that note symptom improvement, Author’s work is not applicable.

What are the basic elements 3 fundamental components that make a sentence of a sentence?

Remember: Within a sentence, there are three main parts that make up a sentence: the subject, the verb, and the complement.

What is the study of sentence construction called?

Syntax : The Study of Sentence Structure. ► How words are put together to make larger expressions.

What are sentence construction problems?

Sentence structure determines how the different parts of a sentence are put together, from its punctuation to the ordering of its words. As well as following basic word order rules, there are many other things you have to consider to write correctly and clearly structured sentences. There are two especially common sentence construction mistakes:

Run-on sentences : incorrect punctuation used to join different parts of a sentence Sentence fragments : missing necessary components to form a full grammatically correct sentence

Sentence structure is not just a matter of grammar, but also of style and flow. Strong academic writing uses a variety of sentence lengths and structures. It’s important to avoid overly long sentences that can be confusing for readers, but too many very short sentences can make your text feel choppy and disjointed. If you struggle with this, you could consider a proofreading and editing service,

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What are the fundamental requisites of sentence?

CLARITY All sentences should clearly state the writer’s thoughts without any possibility of ambiguity. The three aids to clarity are adequate punctuation, clear pronoun reference and correct word order. If the writer has clarity, the reader should be able to grasp its meaning on his first reading.

Which are the needed requisites of a sentence according to the rule of syntax?

A complete sentence requires a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. This is also called an independent clause. A sentence without a subject and a verb is considered a fragment.

What are the 4 principles of sentencing?

Purposes and principles of sentencing – 6.9 The purposes of sentencing are well established in common law, and are outlined in the sentencing statutes of the majority of states and territories except South Australia (SA), Tasmania and Western Australia (WA). Generally, the purposes of sentencing are:

punishment: to punish the offender for the offence in a way that is just and appropriate in all the circumstances;deterrence: to deter the offender (specific deterrence) or other people (general deterrence) from committing the same or similar offences;protection: to protect the community from the offender;rehabilitation: to promote the rehabilitation of the offender; anddenunciation: to denounce the conduct of the offender.

6.10 The purposes of sentencing can overlap, and even conflict. For example, protection of the community may not align with the rehabilitation of the offender. As noted by the High Court of Australia, the purposes of sentencing cannot be ‘considered in isolation from the others when determining what is an appropriate sentence in a particular case.

proportionality: the sentence needs to be appropriate or proportionate to the gravity of the crime; parity: treat like cases alike and different cases differently; totality: the total sentence, where there are multiple terms, needs to be just and appropriate to the whole of offending; imprisonment as a last resort; andparsimony:impose the least severe sentencing option that is open to achieve the purpose or purposes of punishment.

What is sentence structure and its types?

4 Types Of Sentence Structures & How To Use Them The four types of sentence structures are simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. The quantity and arrangement of clauses determines the makeup of each type of sentence structure. A clause is a grouping of words with both a subject and a verb that can (but doesn’t always) form a sentence.

What are the 4 types of functions?

What are the Types of Functions in Maths? – The types of functions can be broadly classified into four types.

  • Based on Element: One to one Function, many to one function, onto function, one to one and onto function, into function.
  • Based on Domain: Algebraic Functions, Trigonometry functions, logarithmic functions.
  • Based on Range: Modulus function, rational function, signum function, even and odd function, greatest integer function.
  • Based on Equations: Identity function, linear function, quadratic function, cubic function, polynomial function.

What are the 4 types of sentence functions and what they represent?

In general, we use the declarative form to make a statement. We use the interrogative form to ask a question. We use the imperative form to issue a command. We use the exclamative form to make an exclamation.

What are the 5 characteristics of a sentence?

Abstract—This paper aims to introduce the five essential qualities of an effective sentence in English, that is, correctness, clearness, unity, coherence and emphasis.

What are the 7 types of sentences?

Answer: There are 8-types of sentences on the basis of function and structure are Declarative Sentence, Interrogative Sentence, Exclamatory Sentence, Imperative Sentence, Simple sentence, Compound Sentence, Complex sentence, and Compound -Complex sentence.

What is the sentence of constructed?

The walls are constructed of concrete.