What Is The Main Disadvantages Of Cement Concrete Sewer Is?

What Is The Main Disadvantages Of Cement Concrete Sewer Is

Advantages of cement pipes
Cement pipes are corrosion resistant.
Asbestos cement pipes have smooth internal face.
They can provide working pressures up to 1.25 MPa (12.5 kgf/cm2)
Holes can be drilled in these pipes. These pipes are extensively used for water supply systems.
Disadvantages of cement pipes:
Cement pipes are bulky, heavy and require careful transportation and handling.
These pipes are rigid. So they require uniform and leveled bed for laying.

Valves in pipe lines are provided to control supply of water. They are used to stop supply when any repair is carried in pipe line. Setting up sewerage system in your home really needs good plumbers and systematic plan with few useful tips in hand. This article provides goof details on the said subject. In construction of building or house like all other components, water supply is also very important part of building construction.

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What are the disadvantages of concrete?

Disadvantages of Concrete : – Concrete has following disadvantages: 1. Its tensile strength is very low of the order of 10% of the compressive strength. Thus it develops cracks. To avoid the development of cracks, steel is used as reinforcement.2. Due to rise in temperature, concrete expands and due to fall in temperature it shrinks.

Thus to avoid the development of deformation in concrete structures, expansion joints are provided at suitable locations and interval.3. The fresh concrete shrinks very much on drying and hardened concrete expands on getting moisture, and again shrinks on drying.4. Concrete is not fully impermeable material.

Hence to store salty water, special treatment of the surface is essential, more specially at joints.5. For structures which come in contact with alkaline and sulphate mixed water, special cement should be used as ordinary cement will disintegrate easily.6.

What will happen if more water is added to cement?

Cement Paste for Concrete : – It is a binder material, which is formed by the hydration of cement. After adding water to the cement, it begins to hydrate and forms a gel. Cement needs 23% water of its weight for hydration and 15% for filling the space or voids of gel.

Thus for complete hydration of cement 38% of water of weight of cement is required. If more water is added to cement, paste, it will evaporate forming capillary voids, resulting honey combed structure of the paste. This will reduce the strength and other properties of concrete. The gel occupies about 2.1 times the volume of dry cement and forms cement paste with fine aggregate.

The strength of concrete depends upon the physical characteristics of this gel. Functions of Cement Paste : Followings are the main functions of the cement paste: 1. It provides lubrication to the coarse aggregate and helps in compaction of the green concrete.2.

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The properties of hardened paste depend upon the following factors: (a) Characteristics of cement, (b) Water-cement ratio, and (c) Completeness of hydration of cement.

What are the advantages of concrete as a construction material?

Cement Concrete: Advantages and Disadvantages | Concrete Technology Cement concrete is an important construction material. Its importance is increasing every day. It is a composite material consisting of a binding material, which is essentially cement, inert mineral Filler, known as aggregates and water.

Are there any limits to the proportion of cement in concrete?

General Proportion of Ordinary Concrete : – The properties of green i.e., freshly prepared concrete and hardened concrete depend upon the relative proportions of the component ingredients. In fresh concrete the coarse aggregate is suspended in the cement paste.

In this state the cement paste should not only coat the aggregate, but also should fill the voids bet­ween them. The consistency of the mass is controlled by the fluidity of the paste and gradation and shape of aggregate particles. For almost all works, plastic consistency is desirable as too wet or too harsh a mix­ture will produce defective products.

In case of hardened concrete, strength and porosity is one function of the density of paste, which in turn is controlled by water-cement ratio in the mix. Thus there are practical limits to the proportions of cement, water and aggregate (coarse as well as fine aggregate) in normal concrete.

The general proportions of practical mixes are shown in the lower diagram of Fig.1.1. All mixes are of the same consistency. In this figure, the ratio of cement to combined aggregate varies from 1:3 to 1:9. From the figure it will be seen that the volume of aggregate varies from 66% for 1:3 ratio to 76% for 1:9 cement aggregate ratio and the cement ratio varies from 16% to 7% making cement and aggregate as 82% to 83% of the volume of concrete.

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Thus in lean mixes the quan­tity of cement is even less than 50% than in the rich mixes. The water content varies from 16% to 18% of the total volume of concrete. The amount of water for 1:3 mix is 18%, 16% for 1:6 mix and 17.3% for 1:9 mix. Thus it is clear from the above that water content is practically constant for all mixes while the cement content varies considerably.

  1. Hence in lean mixes greater water cement ratio is used.
  2. Thus for the same consistency an intimate relation exists between the richness of mix and water cement ratio.
  3. The upper diagram of Fig.1.1 shows the rela­tive proportion of cement, combined water and free water in the total volume of paste of the mixes represented by the lower diagram.

From the diagram it will be seen that per unit of paste, the amount of combined water practically remains the same for all mixes. Also to produce a workable mix about 70% more water is required to be added than is necessary for the hydration of cement.

  1. Actually about 25% to 30% water is required for hydration of cement, which is added to a work­able mix.
  2. Thus pastes having high water cement ratios contain more free or uncombined water than those having low water-cement-ratios.
  3. As free water occupies effective pore space, the paste in lean mixes has more porous structure than rich mixes.

Actually the properties of the concrete are governed by the physical structure of the gel, (properties of fresh concrete).