Why Is Timber Good For Construction?

The advantages of timber frame construction –

As more and more people are recognizing the benefits of building with this method of construction, BM TRADA timber frame consultant, Lewis Taylor shares five reasons why it’s time to consider timber. Thermal insulation Sound insulation Speed of build Environmental impact

With insulation between studs, timber frame combines structure and thermal performance into the same thickness, delivering slender walls with excellent U values. With thin lightweight cladding options even thinner walls can be achieved whilst meeting thermal performance targets.

The added benefits are fewer materials – therefore reduced cost – thinner walls and more useable floor area. Timber frame has always delivered great air tightness too, because the vapour control layer installed to the inner face of the wall also acts as an air barrier. Timber frame party walls have always delivered excellent acoustic performance – think of a pair of semi-detached houses as two separate buildings constructed 50mm apart.

This lack of shared structure means fewer paths for sound to travel through materials. Twin leaf party walls are now often used by other sectors because of this advantage. Along with this gap, insulation and plasterboard are used to deaden and absorb sound.

Private developers have historically looked to the timber frame industry to shorten time to market and provide more stable and predictable building programmes. By moving to timber construction, the time taken to build a house can be reduce by 25% or more compared to masonry building systems. Plus, build programmes become predictable with timber frame, almost irrespective of weather-related issues.

Timber is the most sustainable form of construction, as it benefits from the lowest embodied C02 of any building material, as well as being organic, non-toxic and naturally renewable. Research has shown that even imported timber has a significantly lower carbon footprint than other mainstream methods of construction.

These environmental benefits continue throughout the lifetime of the property, as timber is the best material with which to create modern, energy efficient homes – offering a warmer home and a reduction in energy consumption. There is a real opportunity for timber, as greater use of timber could actually mitigate climate change.

Over the next 5-10 years, wood will be the most important, Timber is available at scale, it is advanced, and can grow on land you wouldn’t want to grow food on. Cost efficiencies Timber frame guarantees a faster construction time, requiring around 25% fewer on-site labour days and a shorter construction period overall.

  1. By planning and executing the use of timber frame at its optimum, there are significant cash-flow benefits to be had.
  2. As off-site panels are pre-fabricated, there are also higher levels of quality control, which helps to keep costs down.
  3. Reduced site prelims, less material and labour waste, lower site and office overheads, improved productivity and reduced labour and supervision on site all save time and money.

Improved build quality also means fewer call backs, resulting in reduced snagging costs and higher customer satisfaction levels. For more details, please see our popular book, This is a must read for those considering building with timber frame, offering advice and best practice for the entire build process.

Why is timber used as construction material?

Timber is a great insulating material. This means it helps to maintain a more constant temperature. Compared to materials like masonry, concrete, or steel, timber will help reduce heating and associated energy requirements. For example, a 2.5cm board has a better resistance to the loss of heat than 11.4cm brick wall.

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What are 3 advantages of using wood?

The benefits of wood. Wood is a fantastic material. It is strong, versatile, light and the only construction material that is 100% renewable.

Why is timber better than concrete?

Construction sites are quieter and streamlined – Engineered mass timber enables a higher degree of offsite prefabrication than concrete and can typically reduce the number of deliveries to site by five times, making a significant positive impact on site noise, movement and air quality, as well as with associated savings in fuel and carbon.

  1. Timber also serves to reduce the number of people onsite, as whilst internal works vary in different countries, timber can eliminate the need for works such as onsite welding and casting, as well as interior blockwork, partitioning, plastering and skimming.
  2. The lightweight material lends itself to shallow foundations and therefore minimises onsite piling, as well as enabling the lifting of elements close to and over existing buildings which helps to simplify the construction process and even make difficult sites viable for development.

Furthermore, advances in engineered timber and greater experience in the design of sites and site works, serve to remove any concern of working with an organic material. Why Is Timber Good For Construction Project: Steinkjer School, Norway

What is timber and its advantages?

Before we understand what timber is, it is essential to talk about wood. ‘Wood’ in simple words can be stated as a hard, fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. Wood has been used for thousands of years by we humans.

  1. Early humans used wood for various purposes, but primarily it was used as a fuel and even as a construction material.
  2. For Example, they used to make huts out of wood; they also used it for cooking purpose.
  3. Apart from this, wood had a wider range of use even then.
  4. This was because it was readily available, and no elaborate or sophisticated tools were required to work with it.

Wood comes from trees. The wood is fine, uniform structural tissue of a tree, and is favored because of its exceptional cutting qualities, durability, rich color, and aroma. It is moderate in hardness yet it is highly workable. The wood obtained from each tree has its potential, specific quality and peculiarity but at the same time, it can be associated with a few flaws as well.

This is something crucial which one must take into consideration while understanding the nature of wood. Wood has been used as a building material for thousands of years, being second only to stone in terms of its rich and storied history in the world of construction. It has evolved in over the ages from natural material to a modern industrial and engineering material.

Wood has a unique ability to contribute for well-being of human being both as a material for use and as a key element in the natural world of the forests. Timber – Lumber: The word ‘Timber’ is used to describe structural products of wood, while in North America; the word ‘Lumber’ is used.

  • Wood’ is often used to describe the furniture and other non-structural items.
  • Definition of Wood: Different experts have defined wood in their own way.
  • According to ‘ Christopher Gorse ‘, ‘ David Johnston’ and ‘Martin Pritchard ‘ (Author of Oxford Dictionary of Construction, Surveying & Civil Engineering), Wood is a naturally occurring material obtained from trees.

According to ‘ Catherine Soanes’, ‘Sara Hawker’ and ‘Julia Elliott ‘ (Author of Pocket Oxford English Dictionary), Wood is a hard and fibrous substance which forms a significant part of the trunk and branches of a tree. Wood is a natural material that has been used for the construction of buildings, bridges and various other structures since many centuries.

Wood can be fabricated into all kinds of shapes and sizes to fit practically any construction need. Wood is further processed and transformed into timber, lumber etc. These days, with the advances in science and technology, it is rapidly replaced by composite wood materials in which natural wood is just an essential ingredient of a matrix or a laminate.

The latter is found to be more useful and adaptable as woods may be treated chemically, thermally or otherwise as per requirements. Some examples are plywood, fiberboards, chipboards, compressed wood, impregnated wood etc. Timber is a remarkably a versatile material. Timber is used as a construction material because of its fire resistance, good structural characteristics, insulating properties and moreover, it is economically feasible. Naturally forming long slender elements ideal for framing, it represents one of our oldest building materials.

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Why is wood so durable?

Built to last. – When buildings are designed with local climate impacts in mind, wood buildings can last for centuries. Wood has the ability to absorb and release moisture, and is resistant to many of the chemicals and conditions that adversely affect steel and concrete, such as corrosive salts, dilute acids, industrial stack gases, sea air, and extreme climate variances. Why Is Timber Good For Construction

Why is timber better than other materials?

Timber is one of the few natural, renewable building materials. The cyclical process involved in the harvest and regeneration of forests for timber production ensures that timber will continue to be available. Every time a tree is harvested, up to ten trees are re-established in its place; the renewable cycle begins again.

  • Being a natural resource, timber is not toxic, and is safe to handle and touch; it also ages naturally and does not break down into environmentally damaging material.
  • In keeping with their environmental commitments, Hyne Timber’s treatments are all organic, keeping their timber environmentally-friendly.

Timber is a greenhouse positive product with a lower net environmental impact than most other building materials, such as emission-intensive steel, aluminium, or concrete. It’s one of the only building materials that contribute to the long term reduction of carbon emissions: positively addressing climate change.

Carbon is an elemental building block of all living things on earth. As a forest grows the trees absorb atmospheric carbon dioxide and store it in their leaves, branches and trunks. Approximately half the dry weight of a living tree is carbon, stored for the life of the tree, and retained throughout the timber manufacturing process.

In 2015, Australia built 115,989 detached houses. If all of those houses were timber framed, it would equal a total of 1,159,890 tonnes of carbon dioxide as the harvested plantations are replanted and begin the cycle of carbon retention all over again.

Is it better to build with timber or steel?

Is a steel frame or a timber frame stronger? – Steel frames allow for creative and flexible designs not possible with timber frames. They are also more resistant against flexing and warping allowing for straighter lines and finishes. Durability is one of a steel frames greatest selling points, it has a higher tensile strength, is non-combustible and has greater longevity in disaster prone areas.

  • Timber frames can be more susceptible to termites, borers and pests, which can drive up the overall cost of a home over time.
  • Theoretically steel framed kit homes should have less movement as they are constructed with fixed brackets, screws and bolts.
  • However due to the severe fluctuations in Canberra’s temperatures over the year, this actually proves counter to the common theory in the ACT.

With temperature fluctuations between -4 degrees Celsius in winter and 40 degrees plus in summer the best Canberra builders know that steel framed homes tend to move more than their timber framed counterparts. This movement due to greater thermal conductivity denotes that some lightweight cladding instructions require additional barriers between the steel frame and the cladding, to manage the movement; a consideration that is over and above the requirements for timber frames. Why Is Timber Good For Construction We hope this has helped you to make a more informed decision on a steel frame vs. timber frame when planning your knock down rebuild or new home design. Due to the large temperature fluctuations experienced over the year in the ACT, the best builders in Canberra such as Homes by Howe recommend a timber frame.

How is timber used in construction?

Other uses of timber in construction – Timber is commonly used to create, window frames and gates. Meanwhile, railway sleepers are the rectangular wooden supports you see in railway tracks, and are laid perpendicular to the rails and hold them in place.

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Is timber stronger than concrete?

It’s all about those ratios – Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is another modification that boosts the strength of natural timber – produced by assembling multiple layers of thin wood with adhesives under high pressure. Just get a load of this: Why Is Timber Good For Construction Just a bit of research shows that this kind of modified timber has a strength to weight ratio that far outstrips its traditional rivals; concrete and steel. These types of engineered wood are perfect for structural application. When compared with steel, LVL’s strength to weight ratio is 20% greater.

Why was timber so important?

As a Fuel Source – Timber is an important source of fuel, where its combustion can be used to heat homes, provide energy for cooking food, and heat water for domestic use. Wood pellets and other remnants of the timber processing such as biomass are shipped and may be used as a convenient form of wood-based fuel to be used in stoves or heaters.

  • Some estimates suggest that up to 40% of all the timber harvested from forests worldwide is ultimately consumed as a fuel source.
  • The use of timber as fuel will vary from region to region, depending on the availability of other fuel sources such as oil, natural gas, electricity, and renewables such as wind and solar power.

Timber can also be used as a fuel source to power boilers which heat water to produce steam and drive generators to create electrical power.

Is wood a good construction material?

Wood as a Construction Material – Wood is a versatile organic material, and the only renewable construction material. Wooden structures have certain properties that make them durable and strong. With an adequate fire retardant treatment, wood can be a reliable construction material with a long service life.

Is wood the best building material?

Advantages of Using Wood – Although wood is considered to be relatively lightweight, it is actually one of the strongest materials in the market, and even outperforms steel. Wood is one of the best materials to be able to support their own weight, which means that lesser support is necessary in certain building designs.

  1. Wood is also resistant to heat and electrical conduction.
  2. Hence, the dimensions and strength of a building made of wood will not be affected much by heat.
  3. This makes the finished building a lore more stable, and enhances safety for those in the building.
  4. The material is also great at absorbing sound, resulting in less echo in office or living spaces.

With a wide range of wood available, there is a large selection of aesthetic choices for homeowners or building owners.

Where is timber used in construction?

Other uses of timber in construction – Timber is commonly used to create, window frames and gates. Meanwhile, railway sleepers are the rectangular wooden supports you see in railway tracks, and are laid perpendicular to the rails and hold them in place.

Why would you use timber instead of steel or concrete in construction?

Which Product Comes Out On Top? – In conclusion, it is clear that each has their own benefits. Timber is light, easy to work with and adaptable, while steel offers speed of use and is durable. However, when the benefits of each product are analysed, it becomes apparent why concrete is the second most consumed material on the planet (second only to water).

It is cost-effective, versatile and typically made from local materials. It creates durable, resilient and robust buildings which offer considerable safety advantages. Furthermore, the increased focus by manufacturers such as CEMEX on sustainability mean it is a product that can have green benefits alongside practical ones.

The numerous benefits of concrete as a product simply cannot be ignored, which is why it is the favoured building material for many construction projects.