Why Tibetan Plateau Is Called The Roof Of The World?

Why Tibetan Plateau Is Called The Roof Of The World
Detailed Description – Central Asia’s Tibetan Plateau is justifiably nicknamed “the roof of the world”-its average elevation is more than 4,500 meters (14,764 feet). It is the world’s highest and largest plateau, covering an area roughly four times the size of Texas.

Why is Tibet plateau known as roof of the world?

Tibet is known as the roof of the world because its average height is more than 4000 m above the sea level. Also, the highest peak in the world, that is Mount Everest, is also present in Tibet.

Which plateau is known as the roof of the world answer?

Tibetean Plateau is popularly known as the roof of the world.

Why is Pamir plateau called the roof of the world Short answer?

Description –

The name of serial nomination Geographical Coordinates
Karakorum-Pamir Tashkurghan National Nature Reserve N36 10 E76 30
Pamir Wetlands National Nature Reserve N75 12 E75 12

The Pamirs are the most famous mountain convergence zone in the world. It is the largest mountain convergence zone that was formed by the convergence of the Tianshan Mountains, the Kalakunlun Mountains, the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush Mountains and the Jierter-Sulaiman Mountains.

  1. It lies in the hinterland of Eurasia and extends across China, Tajikistan and Afghanistan with an area of more than 100,000 km 2,
  2. The Pamir Mountains were created by crustal tectonics.
  3. About 60 million to 20 million years ago, the Indian continental plate subducted under the Eurasian plate and, with the effects of extrusion and uplift of the Indian plate, several huge mountains were formed.

They spread from the south to the north of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and converged on the Pamirs. These mountains now radiate from the Pamirs and most of them are more than 4,000 m in height. Because of this, the Pamir Mountains are known as ‘The Roof of the World’.

There are suture lines resulting from the collision between the Indian and Eurasian plates, which occurred at the closure of the Paleo-Tethys period. The area is also an important tectonic transition zone and several tectonic boundaries converge in this area. Of these, the Maza-Kangxiwar fault belt is the most important tectonic suture zone.

The nominated area includes the highest peaks of the Karakorum and Pamir Mountains, The Karakorums lie to the southeast of the Pamirs and to the northwest of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, along the international boundary of China and Pakistan, India and Kashmir.

They are the highest mountains in the world except for the Himalayas. They have a length of more than 700 km and a width of more than 100 km. Topographically, the Karakorums are typical very high mountain, with a relative altitudinal difference of 3,000-5,000 m. The average height of the main ridge is 6,500 m, and the main peak of the Karakorums is K2, which is the second highest peak in the world with an altitude of 8,611 m.

There are four mountain peaks of more than 8,000 m and 29 mountain peaks of more than 7,000 m in this area. The nominated ‘Pamir Peaks’ area lies on the eastern edge of the Pamirs. It is one of the main concentrations of the world’s very high mountains.

  • Of them, Kongur Tagh, the Jiubie Mountains and Mt.
  • Muztag Ata are the highest peaks of the Pamirs, with altitudes of 7,719 m, 7,530 m and 7,546 m respectively.
  • These mountains are famous throughout the world. Mt.
  • Muztag Ata is known as ‘the Father of Glaciers’ and it is a famous mountaineering base.
  • The nominated area is an important area of especially high mountain glaciers in the world’s arid regions.
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There are 2,991 glaciers in the Karakorum Mountains with an area of 6,295.19 km 2 and 1,530 glaciers in the Pamirs with an area of 2,361.4 km 2, This area is a concentrated area of modern glaciers of various types and on a huge scale. There are only 8 glaciers in the world that are more than 50 km in length and 6 of these are in the Karakorums.

The nominated area contains the main peaks and is the glaciation centre of the Karakorums and the Pamirs. The areas nominated area contains 36% and 48% respectively of the area of glaciers of the Karakorums and the Pamirs. Yinsugaiti Glacier is the longest glacier in China, with a length of 42 km and an area of 379.97 km 2,

The glaciers in the nominated area are both typical and unique mountain glaciers, such as ice cap, ice field as well as extravasation glaciers. For example, Mt. Muztag Ata’s glaciers radiate from the mountain while Kongur’s glaciers are penniform. Furthermore, small glacial landforms are abundant with well developed ice ridges, seracs, glacial folds, crevasses and so on.

The biodiversity in the nominated site is obvious. Complex migrations and combinations of biota in this region comprise a unique plateau flora and fauna. The dominant landscapes are desert and steppe. Such high and cold desert and steppe are unique in the world’s alpine regions. The nominated site is essential habitat for many endemic and endangered species representative of the plateau fauna of coterminous Himalayas, Karakorums and Pamirs.

Which Mountain is called Roof of the World || Roof of the World || pamir || The pamir mountains

The nominated site includes Tashkuergan Nature Reserve which is essential habitat for many endemic and endangered species, including rare animals on the IUCN Red List like Uncia uncia, Equus kiang, Canis lupus as well as Ursus arctos, In this area, there are 32 animal species on the ‘National Key Protection Wildlife List’ of China, including 20 kinds of birds and 12 species of mammals.

  1. In this area, there are also 6 species of National Protection Animals Class I, including Uncia uncia, Equus kiang, Ovis ammon, Capra sibirica and Pseudois nayaur,
  2. Studies of the changing distribution of fauna and flora form an important part of the understanding of the ongoing ecological processes associated with changing climate.

There are two lakes formed by glacial erosion within the nominated site i.e. Kalakule and White Sandy lakes. They are at 3,652 m altitude with an area of about 10 km 2, Mud volcanoes occur in the neighboring Muji valley. There are more than 30 mud volcanoes spread over about 2 km of the valley.

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What is the nickname of Tibetan Plateau?

Tibetan Plateau in China is also known as Roof of the World. It lies on the northern side of the Himalayan mountains.

Why is the Tibetan Plateau special?

What is the Tibetan Plateau Unique For? – The Tibetan Plateau is known as ” the roof of the world ” as it’s the highest and largest plateau on Earth. At elevation 3,000–5,000 meters (10,000–16,000 feet), it is the birthplace of several of the world’s major rivers in South Asia and East Asia.

There are many of the world’s highest lakes on the plateau, including Lake Namtso and Qinghai Lake, The deepest and longest canyon in the world is the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, about 1½ hours from Lhasa by car. It is a river valley like a long trench cut across the Tibetan Plateau just north of the Himalayas leading down to lowlands in the Nyingchi region of Tibet and Bangladesh.

The deepest point is 6,009 meters (19,714 feet) deep. It’s deeper than any mountain in the US is tall! Recommended Articles

Which plateau is known as the roof of the India?

Malwa Plateau Was this answer helpful?

Which is world largest plateau?

What is the highest plateau in the world? Answer at BYJU’S IAS The Qinghai-Tibetan plateau is the highest and largest plateau in the world. The plateau is bounded by the Himalayas in the southwest and the Kunlun and Aljin mountains in the northeast. It towers over southwestern China at an average elevation of 4000 m above sea level and is known as the roof of the world. Further Reading: : What is the highest plateau in the world? Answer at BYJU’S IAS

Which is the second largest plateau in the world?

Fauna and Flora – Several varieties of wildflowers grow on the plains. The Deosai National Park was established in 1993 to protect the survival of the Himalayan brown bear and its habitat. Having long been a prize kill for poachers and hunters, the bear now has a hope for survival in Deosai where its number has increased from only 19 in 1993 to 40 in 2005.

  • In 1993, after playing an instrumental role in the designation of Deosai as a National Park, the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation (formerly the Himalayan Wildlife Project) was founded with a substantial international financial support.
  • The Himalayan Wildlife Foundation ran two park entry check posts and a field research camp in Deosai for approximately ten years.

Documentation was completed by the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation for the handover of the management of the Park to the, then, Northern Areas Forest Department with the department starting to manage the park since 2006. While pressures that existed in the 1990s, such as hunting and poaching have subsided, the brown bear is still under threat due to pressures such as increasing numbers of tourists and the use of park areas for grazing.

The Deosai Plains are also home to the Siberian ibex, Snow Leopard, Kashmir Musk Deer, Himalayan wolf, Himalayan marmot and over 124 types of resident and migratory birds. Birds in the park include the Golden eagle, Lammergeier, Himalayan vulture, Laggar falcon, Peregrine falcon, Eurasian kestrel, Eurasian sparrowhawk, and Himalayan snowcock,

The following plant species are found in Deosai: Polygonum affine, Thalictrum alpinum, Bromus oxyodon, Saxifraga flagellaris, Androsace mucronifolia, Aster flaccidus, Barbarea vulgaris, Artemisia maritima, Elymus longiaristatus, Nepeta connata, Carex cruenta, Ranunculus laetus, Arenaria neelgherrensis, Astragalus leucocephalus, Polygonum amplexinade, Echinops niveus, Senecio chrysanthemoides, Artemisia spp., Dracocephalum nutans, Taxus contorta, Chrysopogon gryllus subsp.

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Echinulatus and Dianthus crinitus, There were also observed some medicinal plants which are locally famous i.e. Thymus linearis (Reetumburuk), : 11  Saussurea lappa (kuth), Ephedra gerardiana (Say), : 9  Viola pilosa (Skora-mindoq), : 11  Pleurospermum candollei (Shamdun) : 10  and Artemisia brevifolia (Bursay) : 8  etc.

which are used as traditional drug therapies.

Is Pamir in Tibet?

Pamir Mountains
Pamir Mountains
Highest point
Peak Kongur Tagh
Elevation 7,649 m (25,095 ft)
Coordinates 38°35′39″N 75°18′48″E  /  38.59417°N 75.31333°E
Countries Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and China
States/Provinces Gorno-Badakhshan, Osh Region, Wakhan, Chitral & Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan and Xinjiang
Range coordinates 38°30′N 73°30′E  /  38.5°N 73.5°E Coordinates : 38°30′N 73°30′E  /  38.5°N 73.5°E

The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range between Central Asia and Pakistan, It is located at a junction with other notable mountains, namely the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, Hindu Kush and the Himalaya mountain ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains,

Much of the Pamir Mountains lie in the Gorno-Badakhshan Province of Tajikistan, To the south, they border the Hindu Kush mountains along Afghanistan ‘s Wakhan Corridor in Badakhshan Province, Chitral and Gilgit-Baltistan regions of Pakistan, To the north, they join the Tian Shan mountains along the Alay Valley of Kyrgyzstan,

To the east, they extend to the range that includes China ‘s Kongur Tagh, in the “Eastern Pamirs”, separated by the Yarkand valley from the Kunlun Mountains,

What is the other name of Pamir knot?

Hint: A range of the world’s highest mountains that lies primarily in the province of Tajikistan is commonly known as the Pamir Mountains. This mountain range is situated between Central Asia, South Asia, and East Asia. Complete Answer: The word ‘knot’ is meant by the convergence of some of the major mountain ranges of the world.

  1. In geography, a Pamir is often considered as a high valley or plateau which is surrounded by mountains.
  2. It also denotes the high grasslands of the mountains.
  3. In other words, it appears that many mountain ranges radiate outwards in different directions from this small area.
  4. The Hindu Kush, the Karakoram Range, the Kunlun Mountains, and the Tian Shan are several South- Central Asian mountain ranges that seem to be radiating from the area of 0rogenic uplift known as Pamir Knot.

Pamir knot is popularly called as “Roof of the world” because of its position in very high altitudes. Formed due to the collision of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian tectonic plates, Pamir Mountain is apparently the largest and highest plateau among others in the world.

  1. Owing to heavy winter snowfall, frequent glaciations are a significant feature of the Pamir Knot.
  2. The climate of the said region is overall arid and continental.
  3. Alpine desert and tundra vegetation are found.
  4. Owing to difficult terrain Pamir mountain ranges remain the most inaccessible part of the world.

Note: Though there are many contrasting and conflicting views, the core of the area of Pamir is in the Tajikistan highland and a significant portion it occupies are parts of modern-day Afghanistan, China, and Kyrgyzstan.

Where Pamir plateau is located?

Pamirs Plateau is located in West China, extending across Tajikistan, China and Afghanistan. Consisting of East and West parts, Pamirs Plateau has a number of high mountains.