How To Use A Roof Ladder?

How To Use A Roof Ladder
Take hold of the roof ladder near the top ideally by the second or third rungs down at a point where the roof ladder feels well balanced. Ascend the leaning ladder and run the roof ladder up onto the roof using the wheels fitted to the roof hook. Turn the roof ladder over and allow the ridge hook to sit securely over the apex of the roof.

How do you safely get off and on a ladder onto a roof?

On Extension Ladders – Moving an Extension Ladder • To raise the ladder into place, lay it on the ground with the feet braced against the side of the house, then walk it upright hand over hand. Once the ladder is as close to vertical as possible, walk the base out to create the proper 75-degree angle.

  1. • Dig out the ground to make sure the feet are level.
  2. • Remove all tools and materials from the ladder before moving it.
  3. Working on an Extension Ladder
  4. • Don’t climb higher than the fourth rung from the top (there should be three above you).
  5. • Never bounce or “walk” the top of a ladder to the right or left to extend your reach.
  6. • Use wood or fiberglass—not aluminum—ladders anywhere near power lines.
  7. • Your hands should be free to ascend or descend.
  8. • Always face the ladder when ascending or descending.
  9. • Wear a toolbelt, including a holster or hook for power tools, or raise and lower materials and tools with a rope.
  10. • Keep your hips centered between the vertical side rails; don’t overreach to either side.
  11. • Wear shoes with well-defined heels (not sneakers) and be sure shoes are clean before climbing.
  12. Stepping onto the Roof
  13. • Be sure the ladder extends 3 feet above the point
  14. of contact.
  15. • Hold the ladder securely with both hands and swing one leg around to step off onto the roof.
  16. • To get back onto the ladder, hold it and swing a leg onto the rung while facing the roof; never step over the top rung or attempt to go down with your back to the ladder.

What is the 4 to 1 rule when using a ladder?

Ladder Safety

  • Environmental Health & Safety
  • Ladder Safety Self – Study Unit
  • INTRODUCTION

The chief hazard when using a ladder is falling. A poorly designed, maintained, or improperly used ladder may collapse under the load placed upon it and cause the employee to fall. A ladder is an appliance consisting of two side rails joined at regular intervals by crosspieces on which a person may step to ascend or descend.

  1. VARIOUS TYPES OF PORTABLE LADDERS Stepladder – A self-supporting portable ladder, non-adjustable in length, having flat steps and hinged back.
  2. Single Ladder – A non self-supporting portable ladder, nonadjustable in length, consisting of but one section.
  3. Its size is designed by overall length of the side rail.

Extension Ladder – A non self-supporting portable ladder adjustable in length. OSHA’S REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE LADDERS

  1. Portable stepladders longer than 20 feet shall not be used.
  2. Stepladders shall be equipped with a metal spreader or locking device of sufficient size and strength to securely hold the front and back sections in open position.
  3. Single ladders longer than 30 feet shall not be used.
  4. Extension ladders longer than 60 feet shall not be used.
  5. Ladders shall be maintained in good condition at all times.
  6. Ladders shall be inspected frequently and those which have developed defects shall be tagged or marked (Dangerous, Do Not Use) and removed from service for repair or destruction.

Proper use of ladders is essential in preventing accidents. Even a good ladder can be a serious safety hazard when used by workers in a dangerous way. OSHA standards require the following safety precautions for ladder use:

Ladders shall be placed with a secure footing, even surface when possible, or they shall be tied off at the top, middle, and bottom to prevent slipping.

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Ladders used to gain access to the roof or other area shall extend at least three feet above the roof it provides a point of support when stepping on the roof.

The foot of a ladder shall have a horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder one-quarter of the working length of the ladder. Divide the length of the building from the ground to the top support by four. If the top of the ladder is at sixteen (16) feet, and the ladder extends to twenty (20) feet, the base should be four (4) feet from the building. The base of the ladder should be placed so that it is one foot away from the building for every four feet of hight to where the ladder rests against the building. This is known as the 4 to 1 rule,

The worker shall always face the ladder when climbing up or down.

Short ladders shall not be spliced together to make long ladders.

Ladders shall never be used in the horizontal position as scaffolds or work platforms.

The top of a regular stepladder shall not be used as a step.

Use both hands when climbing or descending ladders.

Metal ladders shall never be used near electrical equipment.

We would like to assess your learning and also document your participation in this self study. To do this, we have provided a short multiple choice test. To take this test, you may click on the highlighted now. : Ladder Safety

How do you set up a ladder on a sloped roof?

Pivit Ladder Tool – If you need to use a ladder on a steep shingle roof, you need a Pivit Ladder tool. This tool will give you a sturdy and level base to place your ladder on slanted ground. The Pivit ladder leveling boxes are lined in rubber so that you a have traction to shingled roofs and provides some protection to the shingles.

Do and don’ts ladders?

Skip to content To prevent workers from being injured due to falls from various types of ladders, including extension ladders and stepladders, employers are encouraged to adopt the following practices: Safe Extension Ladder Use—DO :

Maintain a 3-point contact (two hands and a foot, or two feet and a hand) when climbing/descending a ladder. Face the ladder when climbing or descending. Keep the body inside the side rails. Use extra care when getting on or off the ladder at the top or bottom. Avoid tipping the ladder over sideways or causing the ladder base to slide out. Carry tools in a tool belt or raise tools up using a hand line. Never carry tools in your hands while climbing up/down a ladder. Extend the top of the ladder three feet above the landing. Keep ladders free of any slippery materials.

Safe Extension Ladder Use—DON’T :

Place a ladder on boxes, barrels, or unstable bases. Use a ladder on soft ground or unstable footing. Exceed the ladder’s maximum load rating. Tie two ladders together to make them longer. Ignore nearby overhead power lines. Move or shift a ladder with a person or equipment on the ladder. Lean out beyond the ladder’s side rails. Use an extension ladder horizontally like a platform.

Safe Stepladder Use—DO :

Read and follow all the manufacturer’s instructions and labels on the stepladder. Look for overhead power lines before handling or climbing a ladder. Maintain a 3-point contact (two hands and a foot, or two feet and a hand) when climbing/descending a ladder. Stay near the middle of the ladder and face the ladder while climbing up/down. Use a barricade to keep traffic away from the ladder. Keep ladders free of any slippery materials. Only put ladders on a stable and level surface that is not slippery.

Safe Stepladder Use—DON’T :

Use stepladders for a purpose other than that for which they were designed. Use a stepladder with spreaders unlocked. Use the top step or cap as a step. Place a ladder on boxes, barrels or other unstable bases. Move or shift a ladder with a person or equipment on the ladder. Use cross bracing on the rear of stepladders for climbing. Paint a ladder with opaque coatings. Use a damaged ladder. Leave tools/materials/equipment on stepladder. Use a stepladder horizontally like a platform. Use a metal stepladder near power lines or electrical equipment.

For more information, see the OSHA Safe Use of Extension Ladders – Fact Sheet or the OSHA Safe Use of Stepladders – Fact Sheet,

Upcoming OSHA #3115 Fall Protection Classes Upcoming OSHA #510 OSHA Standards for the Construction Industry Classes Upcoming OSHA #511 OSHA Standards for General Industry Classes

How do you put a ladder on the roof without damaging gutters?

Why should you use a ladder stand-off? – A ladder stand-off keeps your ladder away from gutters, overhangs and gives you a much better angle for the job in hand. It allows you to have the ladder leaning against a sloping roof without applying too much pressure and damaging any roof slats or guttering.

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What is the purpose of a roof ladder?

Ladder Style – Fixed Fixed ladders are installed as a permanent or long-term fixture of a building or facility. Residential roofers for the most part won’t come across this style often in their work, because they are most often seen in commercial applications, when access to a roof is required year-round. How To Use A Roof Ladder Mobile Self-Supporting These are ladders that stand on their own, knowns as stepladders or A-Frame ladders. These come in a range of sizes and load rating – from your typical household ladder to more professional grade styles, which can handle heavier weights. Non Self-Supporting As the name suggests, a non self-supporting ladder is usually called a straight ladder or extension ladder and must lean up against something (i.e. a building) to be secure. How To Use A Roof Ladder How To Use A Roof Ladder (Source: and,) Residential roofers will most often use a combination of different ladders to install shingles or complete other roofing tasks. Roofers will usually use an extension ladder to gain access to the roof and a second extension ladder with wheels and hooks (to secure it to the ridge of the roof), to complete the work from the roof. How To Use A Roof Ladder To secure the extending roof ladder, a pair of roof hooks should be installed onto the ladder. These are often accompanied by rolling wheels that allow you to push the ladder up the height of the roof. How To Use A Roof Ladder Never rest your ladder on the eavestrough or gutter of a roof as a sole means of support – this will the weight of workers and/or materials. Though technically not a ladder, there is also a roof support system called a “crawl board” or “chicken ladder” that comprises a board that’s hooked onto the roof ridge with smaller boards nailed to it that act as foot holds, called cleats.

What are 3 main things to consider when using a ladder?

When climbing up or down, always: Face the stepladder. Keep your body centered between side rails. Maintain three-point contact by keeping two hands and one foot, or two feet and one hand on a ladder always.

What are three key things you must remember when working from a ladder?

Maintain a firm grip. Use both hands when climbing. Keep both feet on the ladder.

What is the 3 point rule ladder?

Three points of contact rule – The three points of contact rule is simple. When climbing or descending ladders, trucks and equipment, always maintain contact with one hand and two feet, or two hands and one foot. If you maintain three points of contact while you climb, you can limit your exposure to slips and falls.

How do you balance a ladder on a slope?

How To Use a Ladder on Uneven Ground Q: What’s the safest way to prop up the feet of an extension ladder on uneven ground? A: There is no truly safe way to do this. The best solution is to use a product like Little Giant ladders with ratchet levelers or LeveLok from Werner.

Both have individually adjustable feet. If you don’t have one of those, the easiest option is to dig out a large pocket on the high side of the ladder, allowing the feet to sit on level ground. Just be careful—digging can soften the soil and make it unstable. In other cases, you might consider building a large, sturdy platform to set the ladder on.

The platform bridges the difference in terrain, but it has to be strong enough to resist buckling under the ladder’s weight with you on it. It also should not rotate or tip with the ladder in place.

Do you tie a ladder at the top or bottom?

Tie the top at support points. Use care when getting on and or off the ladder at the top or bottom in order to avoid tipping the ladder over sideways or causing the ladder base to slide. Brace or tie off the ladder near the base. If there is no structure to tie off to, use a stake in the ground.

How do you foot a ladder on a slope?

A six step guide to using an extension ladder on a slope Ladders can be used for many different applications. People use ladders to get on top of roofs, decorate, cleaning out gutters and many other commercial and domestic tasks. Working with a ladder on a slope can be a very dangerous task.

  1. Inspect the ladder to establish that it’s in good condition such as no loose rungs, no movement in the stiles & the feet are in good condition.
  2. Examine the area where the ladder will be positioned – the area must be a clean, solid surface.
  3. Ladders should not be used on a suitable surface where the side slope is greater than 16° or the back slope is greater than 6°, unless the manufacturer states otherwise (see image below).
  4. Extend the ladder and lean it up against the building/wall. Set up the ladder at the correct angle which should be 1 metre out for every 4 metres up or 75°. The rungs should always look horizontal and an appropriate levelling device should be used such as a Big Grip Ladder Stabiliser or the LSD Ladder Leveller.
  5. Climb up the ladder until you reach the top and tie both stiles to a suitable point using a rope.
  6. Where possible, secure the middle of the ladder by tying a lashing kit around the stiles and fixing with an eyebolt.
  • We recommend that a thorough risk assessment is carried out prior to working at height.
  • Where this is not practical, use a safe, unsecured ladder or a ladder supplemented with an effective ladder stability device recommended by suppliers/manufacturers that is stable enough to be used unsecured in a worst-case scenario.
  • By considering these six steps before using your ladders on a slope, you will be much safer and less likely to be the victim of a work at height accident.
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: A six step guide to using an extension ladder on a slope

What are the 4 things you should remember about ladder safety?

Maintain a 3-point contact (two hands and a foot, or two feet and a hand) when climbing/ descending a ladder. Stay near the middle of the ladder and face the ladder while climbing up/down. Use a barricade to keep traffic away from the ladder. Keep ladders free of any slippery materials.

At what age should you stop climbing ladders?

Why are Seniors More “Fall-Prone”? – Once a person reaches age 65 their body has less muscle strength and flexibility, which makes it harder to stay on something like a ladder. Most elderly people also have poor balance and coordination because of these age-related factors:

Recent illness or surgery Poor vision Certain medications they’re taking Chronic medical conditions Cognitive impairment from dementia or Alzheimer’s

If your parents are impacted by any of these, they’re at a higher risk of falling, and especially when climbing on ladders and stepstools. Now it’s time to explore how to get them to stop before a serious injury occurs.

What is the most common cause of accidents when using a ladder?

3. Incorrect Use of Ladders – Human error is by far the leading cause of ladder accidents. Never use a ladder in any other way than what the manufacturer intended it to be used for. Also, do not lengthen or alter a ladder in any way. While using a ladder always maintain 3 points of contact with the ladder to ensure stability.

What is the most common ladder hazard?

Common Hazards Climbing the ladder while carrying items. Standing on the very top step or rung when the ladder is too short for the task. Placing an extension ladder at the wrong angle. Using a worn or damaged ladder.

Where should you not step on a ladder?

Proper Use – A Stepladder requires level ground support for all four of its side rails. If this work site condition does not exist, a stepladder should not be selected for the job. A Stepladder must not be used unless its base is spread fully open and the Spreaders locked.

  • Stepladders are not to be used as Single Ladders or in the partially open position.
  • In order to prevent tipping the ladder over sideways due to over-reaching, the user must climb or work with the body near the middle of the steps.
  • The ladder should be set-up close to the work.
  • Never attempt to move the ladder without first descending, relocating the ladder, and then re-climbing.

Do not attempt to mount the ladder from the side or step from one ladder to another unless the ladder is secured against sideways motion. In an effort to avoid losing your balance and falling off the stepladder, the user must not step or stand higher than the step indicated on the label marking the highest standing level.

The user must also not step or stand on the Top Cap or bucket/pail shelf. When ascending or descending the ladder, always face the ladder and maintain a firm hold. Do not attempt to carry other objects in your hand(s) while climbing. The braces on the rear of a stepladder are not intended for climbing or standing and must not be used for that purpose.

Note, however, that special stepladders are available with steps on both the front and rear and are intended for two users at the same time. The anti-slip feet at the bottom of the stepladder side rails must be present and in good condition prior to using the ladder.

How do you put a ladder on the roof without damaging gutters?

Why should you use a ladder stand-off? – A ladder stand-off keeps your ladder away from gutters, overhangs and gives you a much better angle for the job in hand. It allows you to have the ladder leaning against a sloping roof without applying too much pressure and damaging any roof slats or guttering.