What Are Temporary Structures In Construction?

What Are Temporary Structures In Construction
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MLA (8th ed.) Ratay, Robert T. “Temporary structures in construction.” AccessScience, McGraw Hill, June 2020.
APA (7th ed.) Ratay, R.T. (2020, June). Temporary structures in construction, AccessScience, Retrieved December 9, 2022, from https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.757419, https://www.accessscience.com/content/article/a757419
Chicago (17th ed.) AccessScience, s.v. “Temporary structures in construction,” by Robert T. Ratay last reviewed June 2020. https://www.accessscience.com/content/article/a757419
CSE (8th ed.) Ratay, RT.2020. Temporary structures in construction, In: AccessScience, McGraw Hill. doi:10.1036/1097-8542.757419,, https://www.accessscience.com/content/article/a757419

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Table of Contents Structures erected to aid in the construction of a permanent project. Temporary structures are used to facilitate the construction of buildings, bridges, tunnels, and other above- and below ground facilities by providing access, support, and protection for the facility under construction, as well as assuring the safety of workers and the public

What is a temporary structure?

Essentially, a temporary structure is a type of building that is used for a short space of time – this could be for an event or a warehouse needed to store seasonal stock for a retail shop. Temporary structures vary significantly in terms of design, specification and size depending on what you need it for.

What is temporary and permanent structure?

Longevity – A permanent structure is going to last you decades because, just like a conventional building, they are made for long-term use. Temporary structures are built for portability so they can easily be moved to different relocations, lasting several years with maintenance.

What is an example of temporary architecture?

Other Uses of Temporary Building Structures Boat and RV Storage. Workshops. Disaster Relief Stations. Screen Houses.

Is scaffolding a temporary structure?

This article is about the temporary framework. For other uses of scaffold and scaffolding, see Scaffold (disambiguation), Scaffolding, also called scaffold or staging, is a temporary structure used to support a work crew and materials to aid in the construction, maintenance and repair of buildings, bridges and all other man-made structures. Scaffolds are widely used on site to get access to heights and areas that would be otherwise hard to get to.

Unsafe scaffolding has the potential to result in death or serious injury. Scaffolding is also used in adapted forms for formwork and shoring, grandstand seating, concert stages, access/viewing towers, exhibition stands, ski ramps, half pipes and art projects. There are five main types of scaffolding used worldwide today.

These are tube and coupler (fitting) components, prefabricated modular system scaffold components, H-frame / façade modular system scaffolds, timber scaffolds and bamboo scaffolds (particularly in China and India). Each type is made from several components which often include:

  • A base jack or plate which is a load-bearing base for the scaffold.
  • The standard, the upright component with connector joins.
  • The ledger, a horizontal brace.
  • The transom, a horizontal cross-section load-bearing component which holds the batten, board, or decking unit.
  • Brace diagonal and/or cross section bracing component.
  • Batten or board decking component used to make the working platform.
  • Coupler, a fitting used to join components together.
  • Scaffold tie, used to tie in the scaffold to structures.
  • Brackets, used to extend the width of working platforms.

Specialized components used to aid in their use as a temporary structure often include heavy duty load bearing transoms, ladders or stairway units for the ingress and egress of the scaffold, beams ladder/unit types used to span obstacles and rubbish chutes used to remove unwanted materials from the scaffold or construction project.

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Which of the following is a temporary structure?

Free 10 Questions 10 Marks 10 Mins Explanation: A cofferdam is a temporary structure that retains water and soil that allows the enclosed area to be pumped out and excavated dry. Cofferdams are commonly used for the construction of bridge piers and other support structures built within the water.

Purpose cofferdam is: i) To retain soil and water ii) Can be used as either temporary or permanent iii) To provide a dry working area for workers iv) It is constructed to facilitate pile driving operations v) It is used, when the foundations for piers and abutments of a bridge, dams, locks, etc. are to be constructed.

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What are examples of permanent structures?

What Makes a Permanent Structure Permanent? – By definition, a permanent structure is any outdoor structure that is fixed in place and unable to be moved about a property. Examples of permanent structures include homes, garages, barns, and sheds that are cemented to where it stands.

While a carport is indeed an outdoor structure, its classification as a permanent structure depends on whether or not it is securely affixed to the ground. If your carport is free to be relocated from one spot to another, here to there, whenever you seem fit, then it does not qualify as a permanent structure and would, therefore, not require a permit.

However, a carport may become an issue if its dimensions exceed local zoning laws, To ensure that you have a compliant carport, make sure you get one through a licensed builder and have it professionally installed.

Do temporary structures require planning?

When to Make Your Application – In most circumstances, we recommend making a planning application before you purchase or install your temporary structure. Submit the application with as much time as possible. This ensures you’re covered and there are no issues with your local authority.

However, a planning application can take anything from 8 to 12 weeks, which can pose a problem if the structure is needed urgently. For this reason, some businesses choose to go ahead without planning permission. In this case, it is possible to acquire retrospective planning permission, if you can prove that the building is needed on an emergency or urgent basis.

In most genuine cases, the local authority concerned will grant retrospective permission without issue. However, if permission is not granted the authority could require you to restore the site to its original condition – i.e. request you to remove your temporary building.

What is difference between permanent and temporary?

What is the difference between a permanent and a temporary position? A permanent position is one where there is no defined employment end date and the employee receives a benefits package. A temporary position is one that has a defined duration of employment with a contract end date.

What do you call temporary buildings?

Portable building “Portakabin” redirects here. This article is about the general concept. For the owners of the trademark, see, North Isles Motel in, A portable, demountable or transportable building is a building designed and built to be movable rather than permanently located.

Smaller version of portable buildings are also known as portable cabins. Portable cabins are prefabricated structures manufactured for uses such as site office, security cabin, accommodation, storage, toilets etc. Portable cabins are an affordable alternative to traditional buildings and are useful when accommodation is required for an uncertain period of time.

From formal office accommodation to comfortable eating and relaxation areas, toilet and shower facilities to site security units portable cabins are fast to manufacture and easy to deliver. A common modern design is sometimes called a but portable buildings can be different in that they are more often used temporarily and taken away later.

What are the advantages of temporary buildings?

Temporary buildings generally take less time to construct as they may not require foundations, and components can be quickly manufactured. After the modules are constructed and transported to the site from the factory, they can be assembled rapidly, sometimes within hours. They can be cheaper to construct and install.

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What are the temporary facilities in construction?

A Temporary Facility is the facilities that is used for the limited time or purpose only such as for the construction duration. The Temporary Facilities in the construction site consist of: buildings (construction offices, accommodation buildings, warehouse, etc.); utilities (water and electricity, etc.); and infrastructures (access way, and site security systems) to be used during the construction activities.

Is a garage a temporary structure?

In the majority of cases planning permission is not required for a concrete garage as they are classed by law as a temporary structure.

Are concrete forms temporary structures?

Tips & Advice Concrete formwork is a mold or frame that holds wet concrete (poured into the formwork) until it dries and creates the desired structure that suits the purposes of a construction project. Concrete formwork can be temporary or permanent. When it is temporary, it is removed once the concrete sets.

Temporary formwork is more common than permanent formwork. It can be re-used for other projects once it is no longer needed, which is of great benefit to the contractor. Because of this, temporary formwork can be resold after a project or reused on a later job. Temporary concrete formwork can be made of heavy-duty aluminum, steel, plastic, plywood, or timber.

Permanent formwork, which remains in place and becomes a part of the construction after the concrete sets is often made of foam material. The process of using concrete formwork in construction is sometimes referred to as “shuttering.” A major benefit of using concrete formwork is that it aids in achieving a desired concrete shape with a great degree of precision.

Is shoring a temporary structure?

Shoring, form of prop or support, usually temporary, that is used during the repair or original construction of buildings and in excavations. Temporary support may be required, for example, to relieve the load on a masonry wall while it is repaired or reinforced.

Which are commonly used materials for construction of temporary structures?

Bamboo – What Are Temporary Structures In Construction Courtesy of Charles Lai, Takehiko Suzuki What Are Temporary Structures In Construction Courtesy of Charles Lai, Takehiko Suzuki Bamboo is a very versatile material and extremely resistant to compression and bending. Another great asset is its availability in most parts of the world (especially in hot climates) and its rapid growth. Therefore, bamboo is ideal for temporary facilities, as structural frames, but also for walls and roofing.

When building emergency shelters, it offers the added benefits of fast assembly and the possibility of being kept in place for permanent housing. However, it is important that, for bamboo to be considered a building material with proper durability and outstanding mechanical characteristics, a chemical treatment is required before its use in construction, to avoid rotting and insect infestation.

Another major concern of bamboo construction is that the components must be very well protected from sunshine and rain.

What is temporary shed in construction?

Temporary shed construction will be the first step before you bring your material near your site. You need to construct temporary Shed to keep your construction material and your watch men will stay there to look after your site and material You need to construct this in your neighbors site with their permission. So have a plan to contact them early Since it is temporary, you can consider using soil instead of cement.

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What counts as a temporary structure UK?

Schedule 2 of the building regulations defines a temporary building as, ‘ A building that is not intended to remain where it is erected for more than 28 days ‘.

Do you need planning permission for a temporary structure?

When You Need Planning Permission – As a rule of thumb, if you plan on using your temporary structure continually for more than 28 days, and/or it will be bigger than 100 m², you should be prepared to submit a planning application to your local authority. You will also need planning permission if any of the following apply:

The building exceeds 25% of the total area available on your site, or in the case of warehouse and factory extensions, is more than 25% the size of the original building. The temporary building comes closer than 5 m to the boundary of your site The building significantly reduces the amount of land available for parking, and/or manoeuvring of vehicles.

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What is considered a temporary structure in South Africa?

Temporary Works in Construction In the past five years, the construction industry experienced several high profile structural collapses dating back to Tongaat Mall in 2013. They include the Meyersdal collapse in 2014, the Grayston Bridge collapse in 2015 and most recently the Wentworth collapse in Durban, in March 2018.

  • The Construction Regulations broadly defines Temporary Works as follows:
  • “Means any falsework, formwork, supportwork, scaffold, shoring or other temporary structures designed to provide support or means of access during construction work.”
  • It is important to note that scaffolding has been included in this definition and that CR 16 clearly states that scaffolding must conform to the SANS 10085. The regulation further states that a designer must be appointed to:
  • Design
    • This person would provide the design to the contractor and would make any alterations required
  • Inspect
    • This person would inspect the works in accordance with the designer’s layout
    • The inspector will give written permission to cast concrete
    • The inspector will give written permission to strip formwork
    • The inspector will inspect the formwork
      • Before a pour or any loads are imposed, i.e. before the placement of re-enforcing steel
      • During the pouring of concrete
      • Daily whilst it is still in place
      • Should also check the back propping until it is removed
  • Approve
  • The person appointed to inspect will more than likely also be tasked with approval

Whilst the regulation stipulates that the appointed designer must take care of the three items listed above, the industry norm is for different competent people to be appointed to perform each function individually, provided that they work together as a team with a clear goal of erecting safe temporary works.

Once again, this is an industry norm and is not supported by all parties, however the Department of Labour has stated in various forums that they would happily accept three separate appointments. Contractors also need to appoint a supervisor or supervisors to oversee the installation of the temporary works.

In the case of scaffolding, the SANS code and CR 16 must be consulted, and contractors must comply with the requirements of the SANS code and sub-regulation. The contractor also needs to do the following to comply with the legislation:

  • Ensure that all persons erecting temporary works are sufficiently trained to work with the material being used
  • All equipment needs to be examined for suitability prior to use. This means all components must be checked before being re-used.
  • All temporary works structure adequately erected, supported and braced
  • Temporary works structure done according to the drawings
  • Upon casting, the temporary structure is left in place until the concrete has acquired sufficient strength to support it own weight
  • Secure deck panels from dislodgement
  • Prevent persons from slipping on release agents
  • Provide safe means of access and egress to the temporary works
  1. Temporary works will always remain a high-risk activity but proper planning and management of all the processes required will significantly reduce the chances of failure.
  2. Neil Enslin | Occupational Health and Safety Manager
  3. References : Occupational Health and Safety Act No 85 of 1993 and its Regulations, Master Builders South Africa Auditing System

: Temporary Works in Construction

Do you need building regs for a temporary structure?

Temporary structures – We issue licences for special and temporary structures to ensure that they are designed, constructed and maintained safely, for example, marquees, flag poles and advertising boards. Temporary structures are covered by the London Building Acts (Amendment) Act 1939 Part IV – Section 30.

We need to give consent for a temporary structure to be erected. To make your application, please download and complete the London Building Amendment Act 1939 Section 30 Application form (PDF, 423KB), Once completed, please submit your application form by email to [email protected], You will need to pay a fee with your application.

Please refer to page 8 of Building Control’s Guide to Fees to determine the correct amount. Fee payments can be made online using the appropriate link below, or by cheque, credit or debit card, in the ways described in the ‘Application Fees and Payments’ section of this guide.