Detailed Description – Central Asia’s Tibetan Plateau is justifiably nicknamed “the roof of the world”-its average elevation is more than 4,500 meters (14,764 feet). It is the world’s highest and largest plateau, covering an area roughly four times the size of Texas.
- 1 Is Pamir the roof of the world?
- 2 Which is known as roof of India?
- 3 Which country is Pamir?
- 4 Why is Pamir called knot?
- 5 Is Nepal known as the roof of the world?
- 6 Which is called Roof of America?
- 7 Is the Himalayas the roof of the world?
- 8 What called Uttarakhand Pamir?
Is called the roof of the world answer?
Tibet is known as the roof of the world because its average height is more than 4000 m above the sea level. Also, the highest peak in the world, that is Mount Everest, is also present in Tibet.Q.
Is Pamir the roof of the world?
|The name of serial nomination||Geographical Coordinates|
|Karakorum-Pamir||Tashkurghan National Nature Reserve||N36 10 E76 30|
|Pamir Wetlands National Nature Reserve||N75 12 E75 12|
The Pamirs are the most famous mountain convergence zone in the world. It is the largest mountain convergence zone that was formed by the convergence of the Tianshan Mountains, the Kalakunlun Mountains, the Himalayas, the Hindu Kush Mountains and the Jierter-Sulaiman Mountains.
- It lies in the hinterland of Eurasia and extends across China, Tajikistan and Afghanistan with an area of more than 100,000 km 2,
- The Pamir Mountains were created by crustal tectonics.
- About 60 million to 20 million years ago, the Indian continental plate subducted under the Eurasian plate and, with the effects of extrusion and uplift of the Indian plate, several huge mountains were formed.
They spread from the south to the north of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and converged on the Pamirs. These mountains now radiate from the Pamirs and most of them are more than 4,000 m in height. Because of this, the Pamir Mountains are known as ‘The Roof of the World’.
There are suture lines resulting from the collision between the Indian and Eurasian plates, which occurred at the closure of the Paleo-Tethys period. The area is also an important tectonic transition zone and several tectonic boundaries converge in this area. Of these, the Maza-Kangxiwar fault belt is the most important tectonic suture zone.
The nominated area includes the highest peaks of the Karakorum and Pamir Mountains, The Karakorums lie to the southeast of the Pamirs and to the northwest of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, along the international boundary of China and Pakistan, India and Kashmir.
They are the highest mountains in the world except for the Himalayas. They have a length of more than 700 km and a width of more than 100 km. Topographically, the Karakorums are typical very high mountain, with a relative altitudinal difference of 3,000-5,000 m. The average height of the main ridge is 6,500 m, and the main peak of the Karakorums is K2, which is the second highest peak in the world with an altitude of 8,611 m.
There are four mountain peaks of more than 8,000 m and 29 mountain peaks of more than 7,000 m in this area. The nominated ‘Pamir Peaks’ area lies on the eastern edge of the Pamirs. It is one of the main concentrations of the world’s very high mountains.
- Of them, Kongur Tagh, the Jiubie Mountains and Mt.
- Muztag Ata are the highest peaks of the Pamirs, with altitudes of 7,719 m, 7,530 m and 7,546 m respectively.
- These mountains are famous throughout the world. Mt.
- Muztag Ata is known as ‘the Father of Glaciers’ and it is a famous mountaineering base.
- The nominated area is an important area of especially high mountain glaciers in the world’s arid regions.
There are 2,991 glaciers in the Karakorum Mountains with an area of 6,295.19 km 2 and 1,530 glaciers in the Pamirs with an area of 2,361.4 km 2, This area is a concentrated area of modern glaciers of various types and on a huge scale. There are only 8 glaciers in the world that are more than 50 km in length and 6 of these are in the Karakorums.
The nominated area contains the main peaks and is the glaciation centre of the Karakorums and the Pamirs. The areas nominated area contains 36% and 48% respectively of the area of glaciers of the Karakorums and the Pamirs. Yinsugaiti Glacier is the longest glacier in China, with a length of 42 km and an area of 379.97 km 2,
The glaciers in the nominated area are both typical and unique mountain glaciers, such as ice cap, ice field as well as extravasation glaciers. For example, Mt. Muztag Ata’s glaciers radiate from the mountain while Kongur’s glaciers are penniform. Furthermore, small glacial landforms are abundant with well developed ice ridges, seracs, glacial folds, crevasses and so on.
The biodiversity in the nominated site is obvious. Complex migrations and combinations of biota in this region comprise a unique plateau flora and fauna. The dominant landscapes are desert and steppe. Such high and cold desert and steppe are unique in the world’s alpine regions. The nominated site is essential habitat for many endemic and endangered species representative of the plateau fauna of coterminous Himalayas, Karakorums and Pamirs.
The nominated site includes Tashkuergan Nature Reserve which is essential habitat for many endemic and endangered species, including rare animals on the IUCN Red List like Uncia uncia, Equus kiang, Canis lupus as well as Ursus arctos, In this area, there are 32 animal species on the ‘National Key Protection Wildlife List’ of China, including 20 kinds of birds and 12 species of mammals.
In this area, there are also 6 species of National Protection Animals Class I, including Uncia uncia, Equus kiang, Ovis ammon, Capra sibirica and Pseudois nayaur, Studies of the changing distribution of fauna and flora form an important part of the understanding of the ongoing ecological processes associated with changing climate.
There are two lakes formed by glacial erosion within the nominated site i.e. Kalakule and White Sandy lakes. They are at 3,652 m altitude with an area of about 10 km 2, Mud volcanoes occur in the neighboring Muji valley. There are more than 30 mud volcanoes spread over about 2 km of the valley.
Which is known as roof of India?
Tibetan Plateau(Pamir Plateau) is known as the Roof of the World. It is called the roof of the world because it is at high altitude. It is also known as the Pamir Mountains. It is the junction of the Himalayas with Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and the Hindu Kush ranges.
Is Pamir part of Himalayas?
|Elevation||7,649 m (25,095 ft)|
|Coordinates||38°35′39″N 75°18′48″E / 38.59417°N 75.31333°E|
|Countries||Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and China|
|States/Provinces||Gorno-Badakhshan, Osh Region, Wakhan, Chitral & Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan and Xinjiang|
|Range coordinates||38°30′N 73°30′E / 38.5°N 73.5°E Coordinates : 38°30′N 73°30′E / 38.5°N 73.5°E|
The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range between Central Asia and Pakistan, It is located at a junction with other notable mountains, namely the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, Hindu Kush and the Himalaya mountain ranges. They are among the world’s highest mountains,
- Much of the Pamir Mountains lie in the Gorno-Badakhshan Province of Tajikistan,
- To the south, they border the Hindu Kush mountains along Afghanistan ‘s Wakhan Corridor in Badakhshan Province, Chitral and Gilgit-Baltistan regions of Pakistan,
- To the north, they join the Tian Shan mountains along the Alay Valley of Kyrgyzstan,
To the east, they extend to the range that includes China ‘s Kongur Tagh, in the “Eastern Pamirs”, separated by the Yarkand valley from the Kunlun Mountains,
Which country is Pamir?
Pamirs | mountain region, Asia Pamirs, also called Pamir, highland of, The Pamir area centres on the nodal orogenic uplift known as the Pamir Knot, from which several south-central Asian mountain ranges radiate, including the, the, the, and the,
Most of the Pamirs lie within, but the fringes penetrate,, and, The core of the Pamirs is in the highlands of Tajikistan, with the highest mountains in the oblast (province). The word in the language of the region denotes the high undulating grasslands of the eastern portion of the mountains, especially where they abut Afghanistan and China.
Deep river valleys mark the boundaries of the Pamirs in the north beyond the ridges of the, and the valleys of the region (Wakhan Corridor) of Afghanistan form the southern limit. The Sarykol pamir in the Uygur Autonomous Region of in western China bounds the eastern margin, and a series of southwestern-aligned valleys that eventually drain into the Vakhsh and rivers serrate the western boundary.
- The Pamirs are a combination of east-west and north-south ranges, with the former predominating.
- The east-west, which forms the northern frame of the Pamirs, falls steeply to the intermontane Alai Valley.
- The high central part of the Trans-Alai, between the Tersagar Pass on the west and Kyzylart on the east, averages between 19,000 and 20,000 feet (5,800 and 6,100 metres), reaching its highest point at, 23,405 feet (7,134 metres).
South from the Trans-Alai extend three north-south ranges. Of these the western, the, and the central, Zulumart, are relatively short; the eastern, the, forms the border between Tajikistan and China. The mountains east of the Sarykol Range are sometimes called the Chinese Pamirs.
- The north-south Akademii Nauk Range extends into the northwestern Pamir system, where it rises into a huge barrier, reaching 24,590 feet (7,495 metres) in (formerly Peak), the highest point in the Pamirs.
- The eastern flank of the is covered on the south face by the,
- The western flank intersects other ranges that lie still farther to the west: the Peter I Range, with Moscow (Moskva) Peak (22,260 feet ); the Darvaz Range, with Arnavad Peak (19,957 feet ); and the Vanch and Yazgulem ranges, with (22,880 feet ).
The ranges are separated by deep ravines. To the east of the Yazgulem Range, in the central portion of the Pamirs, is the east-west Muzkol Range, reaching 20,449 feet (6,233 metres) in Soviet Officers Peak. South of it stretches one of the largest ranges of the Pamirs, called Rushan on the west and Bazar-dara, or Northern Alichur, on the east.
Still farther south are the Southern Alichur Range and, to the west of the latter, the Shugnan Range. The extreme southwestern Pamirs are occupied by the Shakhdarin Range, composed of north-south ( Ishkashim Range) and east-west elements, rising to Mayakovsky Peak (19,996 feet ) and (22,067 feet ). In the extreme southeast, to the south of Lake Zorkul (Sarī Qūl), lie the east-west Mountains.
It is customary to divide the Pamirs into a western area and an eastern area, distinguished by their forms of relief. In the eastern Pamirs a medium-mountain relief predominates on a high raised foundation. While the heights above average 20,000 feet (6,100 metres) or more, the relative heights of the peaks above their foundation do not in most cases exceed 3,300 to 5,900 feet (1,000 to 1,800 metres).
The ranges and massifs have mainly rounded, and the wide and flat-bottomed valleys and troughs between them, situated at heights of 12,100 to 13,800 feet (3,700 to 4,200 metres), are occupied either by quietly running, meandering rivers or by dry channels. The valleys and slopes of the ranges are covered by layers of loose material.
In the western Pamirs the relief is high-mountain and sharply disjointed, alternating between low ranges and alpine ridges capped by and glaciers; and there are deep, narrow ravines with high, rapid rivers. The valleys and depressions are filled with outwash debris, so that almost the only suitable places for human settlement are the alluvial fans in the valleys of tributaries of the,
- The transition from the eastern-Pamirs type of relief to the western-Pamirs type occurs gradually.
- The conventional boundary is a line joining the ridge of the Zulumart Range with Karabulak Pass in the Muzkol Range; from Pshart Pass it follows the ridge of the Northern Alichur Range to Lakes Yashil and Sarez, where it turns south to the valley of the Pamir River.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Like the Hindu Kush and Karakoram mountains to the south, the Pamirs exhibit considerable glaciation as a result of high snowfall. The dominates the central Pamir massif, with other glaciers, similarly named for 19th-century Russian scientists (e.g., Garmo and Grumm-Grzhimaylo), feeding into it.
- Glaciation is less extensive in the Alai and Trans-Alai mountains.
- Some meltwater from the Pamirs flows to the in western China, but the vast bulk drains into the Panj and Vakhsh rivers and their tributaries.
- There are large irrigation projects associated with the Kyzylsu-Surkhob-Vakhsh river system (each of the rivers flows successively into the next).
The (ancient Oxus River), formed by the of the Vakhsh and the Panj, conveys meltwater to other irrigation projects downstream. Earthquakes occasionally generate landslides that dam rivers to produce lakes. Lake Sarez in the valley is dammed by a massive landslide that was probably initiated during an earthquake.
Why is Pamir called knot?
Pamir is called a knot because it is the convergence of one of the major mountain ranges of the world including the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, Hindu Kush and the Pamir systems. Was this answer helpful?
Is Pamir Knot in India?
While a number of countries claim to be home to the Pamir knot, it is actually centred in the Gorno-Badakh-Shan autonomous region of eastern Tajikistan. The Zagros mountains form the largest mountain range in Iran, Iraq and south-eastern Turkey.
What is called roof of Asia?
The Roof of the World or Top of the World is a metaphoric epithet or phrase used to describe the high region in the world, also known as High Asia. The term usually refers to the mountainous interior of Asia, including the Pamirs, the Himalayas, the Tibetan Plateau, the Tian Shan, and the Altai Mountains.
Is Nepal known as the roof of the world?
Nepal: The Roof of the World | Indo Asia Tours Tucked cozily above India, Nepal has earned the sobriquet, “The Roof of the World”, because of the highest mountain it houses—the daunting, yet beautiful, Mt. Everest. Nepal also holds the accolade of being home to several,
Which is called Roof of America?
Cerro Aconcagua is the highest peak in the Americas. Photo © flaperval/123rf. Approaching the Chilean border, Parque Provincial Aconcagua is the site of the province’s most prominent attraction—literally so, as the bulky 6,962-meter Cerro Aconcagua is the “The Roof of the Americas,” the highest peak on two continents.
Is the Himalayas the roof of the world?
The Himalayas is called the ‘roof of the world’ because is the tallest mountain range in the world and it shelters the world’s two highest summits, Mount Everest and K2. Mount Everest and K2 have a peak height of 29,092 ft and 28, 251 ft, respectively.
What happened to Pamir?
Last voyage – Possible last sighting of Pamir Due to ill health, her regular captain, Hermann Eggers, had been replaced by Captain Johannes Diebitsch, who had sailed on her as a young seaman and had commanded sail-training ships, but had little experience as master of cargo-carrying sailing ships.
- His first officer, Rolf Köhler, was only 29 at the time, and wrote that he was “getting thin with anger” over the state of the ship and that he was intending to quit the ship’s company after arriving home from the next voyage.
- Captain Diebitsch was criticized for being a harsh and inflexible officer.
On 10 August 1957, she left Buenos Aires for Hamburg with a crew of 86, including 52 cadets. Her cargo of 3,780 tons of barley was stored loose in the holds and ballast tanks, secured by 255 tons in sacks on top of the loose grain. Records indicate that this was one of the major mistakes implicated in the sinking – she had been held up by a dockworkers’ strike, and Diebitsch, under severe pressure to sail, decided to let the trimming (the correct storage of loose cargo so that it does not shift in the hold) be done by his own untrained crew.
- It was later found that he also had the ballast tank filled with barley.
- Even though testing of the roll period (the time the ship took to right itself after load transfers) showed that she was dangerously unstable, Diebitsch decided to sail.
- On the morning of 21 September 1957, she was caught in Hurricane Carrie before shortening sails.
It was later considered that because the radio officer had also been given substantial administrative tasks (to save the money required for another officer’s position), he had likely not received any of the radio storm warnings. She had also not responded to radio hails by ships that had sighted her earlier in the voyage.
She soon listed severely to port in the sudden storm. As hatchways and other openings were not closed at once, they probably allowed considerable amounts of water to enter, as found by the commission which examined the probable causes of the sinking. The shipping company’s lawyer at the investigation claimed that the water entered her due to a leak.
According to the commission, the water caused her to list further and the grain to shift, which aggravated the list. The captain did not order the flooding of her grain-filled ballast tanks, which would have helped her to right herself. Once she listed severely, the lifeboats could not be deployed because her port side was underwater and her starboard side was raised to an angle that did not allow use of the boats.
- She sent distress signals before capsizing at 13:03 local time, and sinking after drifting keel-up for 30 minutes in the middle of the Atlantic 600 nautical miles (1,100 km) west-southwest of the Azores at position 35°57′N 40°20′W / 35.950°N 40.333°W,
- Three damaged lifeboats that had come loose before or during the capsizing and the only lifeboat that had been deployed was drifting nearby.
None contained any provisions or working distress signal rockets. Many sharks were later seen near the position. A nine-day search for survivors was organized by the United States Coast Guard Cutter Absecon, but only four crewmen and two cadets were rescued alive, from two of the lifeboats.
Is Pamir in Afghanistan?
The Great Pamir or Big Pamir (Wakhi: Past Pamir; Kyrgyz: Chong Pamir; Persian: پامیر کلان, romanized: Pāmīr-e Kalān) is a broad U-shaped grassy valley or pamir in the eastern part of the Wakhan in north-eastern Afghanistan and the adjacent part of Tajikistan, in the Pamir Mountains.
What called Uttarakhand Pamir?
History, Geography, Flora and Fauna – Known as Pamir of Uttarakhand, Dudhatoli has gently rolling mountains and expansive meadows that lie at the geographical centre of state. In ancient and medieval times, the entire Garhwal kingdom was divided into different Pattis and Parganas for ease of administration; chieftains of various clans used to hold them in the name of the king of Garhwal.
- Ings have long gone, but the system of Patti (pronounced as pət-ti:) and Parganā is still alive.
- Today while writing their addresses, people of rural Uttarakhand write their Names, Village, Post office, Patti/Pargana, Block/Tehsil, District and lastly state with zip code.
- It is interesting to know how two different pattis can have two different versions of Garhwali language.
About 60 percent of Dudhatoli region comes in Pauri Garhwal district (the Pattis of Chauthaan, Choprakot and Dhaijyuli), whereas the remaining portion (40%) forms a part of Chamoli Garhwal (pattis of Chaandpur and Lohbha). Higher elevated regions of these five pattis constitute Dudhatoli range.
- The north-western spur of Dudhatoli range joins the ridge of Hariyali Kantha temple above Jasoli Village in Rudraprayag and Dobri Village in Pauri Garhwal.
- Dudhatoli and its surrounding foothills form an intricate network of and is home to one of the densest as well as largest temperate broadleaf and coniferous forests in the state.
West Himalayan Fir (),, Deodar (),,,,,, etc. are the common trees here. Besides this, many medicinal herbs, shrubs and wild fruits are found here, of which Wild,,,,,,, Himalayan Strawberry tree (Bentham’s Cornel/), and are to be noted. Dudhatoli mountains are source of many non-glacial perennial rivers; Nayaar-East, Nayaar-West (merging with each other at Satpuli) and (West) being the major ones, not to mention the innumerable water springs and streams that drain into these rivers (Names of all significant rivers with their headwaters in Dudhatoli have been given in the infobox above).