Category Natural / Scenic beauty Tawa Reservoir is a reservoir on the Tawa River in central India. It is located in Itarsi of Narmadapuram District of Madhya Pradesh state, above Betul district. The reservoir was formed by the construction of the Tawa Dam, which began in 1958 and was completed in 1978.
Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR) also known as Satpura National Park is located in the Narmadapuram district of Madhya Pradesh in India. Its name is derived from the Satpura range. It covers an area of 524 km2 (202 sq mi). Satpura National Park, along with the adjoining Bori and Pachmarhi wildlife sanctuaries, provides 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi) of unique central Indian highland ecosystem.
It was set up in 1981.
Tawa dam view Satpura Tiger Reserve Tawa dam
- 1 When was Tawa dam completed a 1977 B 1978 C 1979 D 1976?
- 2 What happens when the Tawa dam was built?
- 3 Where does Tawa River originate?
- 4 What is Tawa for Class 7th?
- 5 Which is the 2nd oldest dam in India?
When was Tawa dam completed a 1977 B 1978 C 1979 D 1976?
It is located in Itarsi of Hoshangabad District of Madhya Pradesh state. In 1958, construction began on Tawa Dam, which was completed in 1978.
When was Tawa dam built Class 7?
The Tawa dam began to be built in 1958 and was completed in 1978. It submerged large areas of forest and agricultural land. The forest dwellers were left with nothing. Some of the displaced people settled around the reservoir and apart from their meagre farms found a livelihood in fishing.
What happens when the Tawa dam was built?
The Tawa dam began to be built in the year 1958 and was completed in the year 1978. It submerged a large area of forest and agricultural land.
Where does Tawa River originate?
Originating in the Mahadeo hills of Chindwara district, the Tawa flows through Betul, before joining the Narmada in Hoshangabad. The Tawa dam began to be built in 1958 and was completed in 1978.
Which is the longest dam in India built in the year 1957?
Hirakud Dam Dam in Odisha, India Dam in km from Sambalpur, Odisha Gates of Hirakud Dam Location of in Odisha Official nameHirakud DamLocation16.5 km from Sambalpur, OdishaCoordinates : Construction began1947Opening date1957Construction cost1.01 billion Rs in 1953Dam and spillwaysComposite dam and reservoirImpoundsMahanadi RiverHeight60.96 m (200 ft)Length4.8 km (3 mi) (main section)25.8 km (16 mi) (entire dam)64 sluice-gates, 34 crest-gatesSpillway capacity42,450 cubic metres per second (1,499,000 cu ft/s)ReservoirTotal capacity5,896,000,000 m 3 (4,779,965 acre⋅ft) (OR) 205.56 tmc ft (effective)83,400 km 2 (32,201 sq mi)Power StationPower House I (Burla): 2 x 49.5 MW, 3 x 37.5 MW, 2 x 32 MW Power House II (Chiplima): 3 x 24 MW 347.5 Designations Official nameHirakud ReservoirDesignated12 October 2021Reference no.2494 Hirakud Dam is built across the, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) from in the state of in India.
Which dam was built in 1971?
It was created by the impounding of the Nile’s waters by the Aswan High Dam, which was built in the 1960s and dedicated in 1971.
When was the 1st dam built?
A dam is a human-made structure that is primarily used to hold back water. Dams are constructed for many purposes, including reservoir creation, flood prevention, irrigation, and hydroelectric power. Today, there are almost 50,000 large dams in use worldwide.
The United States has the second largest number of dams in the world at 5,500, and China has the most with a whopping 19,000. The United States has 50 major dams – the most in the world. But before we had the Hoover Dam or any of the other major dams of today, our ancestors had to learn about dam engineering, and some of that was done through trial and error.
The World’s First Dam The first known dam to be built is the Jawa Dam, which is actually the largest in a series of dams that are all part of one reservoir system. Located in modern-day Jordan, the Jawa Dam was originally constructed around 3,000 BCE in what was then Mesopotamia.
Surprisingly, the Jawa Dam was actually an architectural feat of the times. While most ancient dams were simple gravity dams constructed of gravel and masonry, the Jawa Dam was reinforced with rock fill behind the upstream wall in order to protect the wall from water pressure breach. This safety feature was incredibly innovative for this time period.
Unfortunately, the reinforced design was forgotten after the Jawa Dam and was not actually “reinvented” until modern times. The Jawa Dam site is arguably the most important archaeological site in the history of large-scale water projects, and the dam itself was so well designed and constructed that the ancient structure stood until just a few years ago, when it was partially ruined due to physical intervention. Remains of the poorly designed Sadd el-Kafara Subsequent ancient dams were built by several cultures with varying rates of success. Approximately 400 years after the construction of the highly successful Jawa Dam, Egyptians built the Sadd el-Kafara, or Dam of the Pagans, most likely to supply water to the local quarries outside of Cairo rather than for irrigation, since the flooding Nile would have supplied plenty of water to the farmers.
- After ten years of construction, the masonry dam was 37 feet tall, 348 feet long, with a base of 265 feet, contained over 100,000 tons of gravel and stone, and had a limestone cover to resist erosion.
- Unfortunately, as it was nearing completion, it failed.
- Due to poor design and lack of a spillway, the dam washed away during a heavy rainfall and was never repaired or completed.
Discouraged by the failure of this massive project, ancient Egyptians were dissuaded from constructing other dams until many years later. The Romans, highly regarded for their advances in hydraulic engineering, were prolific in dam construction during the height of the empire.
In addition to the vast network of aqueducts, the Romans built a plethora of gravity dams, most notably the Subiaco Dams, which were constructed around 60 AD to create a pleasure lake for Emperor Nero. The Subiaco Dams were a series of three gravity dams on the Aniene River in Subiaco, Italy, the largest of which stood 165 feet tall and held the honor of being the tallest dam in the world until its destruction in 1305, historically attributed to two careless monks,
The Romans also constructed the world’s first arch dam in the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis, now modern-day southwest France, in the 1 st century BCE. The remains of the Glanum Dam, the first recorded true arch dam in history, were discovered in 1763. The Cornalvo Dam, a Roman gravity dam in built in the 1st or 2nd century AD, still supplies water to the people of Meriden, Spain. Asian cultures also contributed to dam engineering. As early as 400 BCE, Asians built earthen embankments dams to store water for the cities of Ceylon, or modern-day Sri Lanka.
In the 5 th century AD, the Sinhalese built several dams to form reservoirs to catch the monsoon rains for their intricate irrigation system, and many of these reservoirs are still in use today. Around the 12 th century AD, about 4,000 dams were built by an egotistical Sinhalese ruler, King Parakrama Babu.
While these structures were gargantuan for the time, such as one dam that stretched for almost nine miles, they are not considered to have any true engineering significance, as they did not supply water to the villages. Built to massage the king’s giant ego, these enormous dams were monuments rather than functional structures.
Japan and India also contributed to early dam engineering, with much success. In fact, five of the ten oldest dams still in use are located in these two countries. The oldest operational dam in the world, the Lake Homs Dam in Syria, was built around 1300. The masonry gravity dam is over one mile long, 23 feet high, and creates Lake Homs, which still supplies water to the people of Homs today.
Middle Ages William John Macquorn Rankine During the dark ages, dam construction came to a near halt, resuming around the 15 th century AD. During this time, no major contributions to dam engineering were made, and the majority of the dams constructed in Europe, where rainfall is plentiful and regular, were modest structures.
- It wasn’t until the 1850s, when civil engineering professor William John Macquorn Rankine at Glasgow University demonstrated a better understanding of earth stability and structural performance, that dam engineering improved.
- In fact, Rankine’s work was so innovative, it contributed to the acceptance of civil engineering as a valid university subject and improved the status of civil engineers.
Since Rankine, geological, hydrological, and structural scientific contributions have been extensive, and the understanding of dam engineering has improved significantly as a result. Modern Times Major advances in concrete dam design were made from 1853 to 1910 by British and French engineers.
- During this time, understanding of the relationship between the precise weight and profile of gravity dams and the horizontal thrust of water increased extensively.
- In 1910, further advances were made as engineers began to take a more three dimensional approach to dam engineering, examining the effect of individual stresses and deflections on multiple points rather than on the structure as a whole.
By recognizing the complexity of the structure and understanding its interconnectedness, engineers were able to make exponential advances in dam engineering. As a result of this enhanced understanding, model techniques were implemented at this time. Originally built in rubber, plaster, plasticine, or concrete, modelling is now also done digitally, allowing multi-faceted and comprehensive testing and examination of structural stability. The Hoover Dam The world’s largest and most complex dams have all been built within the last century, due to engineering as well as technological advances. In addition to supplying water and controlling flooding, modern dams are often constructed to provide hydroelectric power.
- The Hoover Dam, a concrete arch-gravity dam constructed in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River in 1936, is a prime example of the major advances made in dam engineering.
- The massive dam, which impounds Lake Mead, stands a whopping 726 feet tall and has a reservoir capacity of 28,537,000 acre feet.
It also provides four billion kilowatt-hours of hydroelectric power — enough to supply the private and public electrical needs of over eight million people in Nevada, Arizona, and California— each year. Once the tallest dam in the world, the Hoover Dam lost its title to Switzerland’s 820-foot-tall Mauvoisin Dam in 1957. Workers dismantle the Savage Rapids Dam on the Rogue River in Oregon. (Photo courtesy of Oregon State University) While dams have been being constructed for over 5,000 years, the last 100 years have seen the most significant contributions in dam engineering.
- With the increased understanding of earth sciences comes the realization that some dams are actually detrimental to the earth’s ecology.
- Because of this knowledge, over 900 dams in the United States have been removed since 1990.
- Also, the understanding of dam safety has made significant strides over the last 100 years, and dam safety programs have been implemented in 49 of the 50 US states — only Alabama has no dam safety program.
Of those 49 states, all but eight also require that all significant and high hazard dams require Emergency Action Plans (EAPs), With the tens of thousands of existing large dams throughout the world, and the ever-increasing demand for water and power, dams will continue to make a significant impact on modern day life.
What is Tawa for Class 7th?
Answer: – Tawa is a tributary of Narmada. Explanation : Tawa is the longest tributary of river Narmada, which flows through the North-West Madhya Pradesh and is an important water resource for many surrounding villages and towns.
When was the first dam built in India?
The first dam in India was built around: Option 2 : 2 nd century AD Free 100 Questions 100 Marks 120 Mins The answer is 2 nd century AD. Key Points
Kallanai Dam / Grand Anicut:
It is the oldest dam in India. The dam was built in the 2 nd century AD by King Karikala Chola of the Chola Dynasty. The people of Tamil Nadu are still served by it. The dam is situated on the River Kaveri, about 20 kilometres from Tiruchirapalli.
|Highest Dam||Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)||Bhagirathi|
|Longest Dam||Hirakud Dam (Odisha)||Mahanadi|
|Oldest Dam||Kallanai Dam (Tamil Nadu)||Kaveri|
|–||Bhakra Nangal Dam (Himachal Pradesh)||Sutlej|
|–||Nagarjuna Sagar Dam (Andra Pradesh)||Krishna|
|–||Sardar Sarovar Dam (Gujarat)||Narmada|
India’s #1 Learning Platform Start Complete Exam Preparation Daily Live MasterClasses Practice Question Bank Mock Tests & Quizzes Trusted by 3.4 Crore+ Students : The first dam in India was built around:
Which is the 4th oldest dam in world?
Kallanai Dam / Grand Anicut, India – Kallanai Dam, also known as Grand Anicut, is the fourth oldest dam in the world. It still serves the people of Tamilnadu, India. The dam was constructed by King Karikala Chola of the Chola Dynasty in the 2nd century AD.
Which is the 2nd oldest dam in India?
Q. In which place is India’s second oldest dam situated at? Answer: Bindu Notes: Bindu is a village in the Kalimpong subdivision of the Kalimpong district in West Bengal, India. Bindu lies in the Indo-Bhutan border, India’s second oldest dam is situated at Bindu known as Bindu Dam.1
Where is the oldest dam in India?
Kallanai Dam built across the Kaveri river of Tamil Nadu is the oldest dam (first dam) in India. It is also known as the Grand Anicut.
Which is the biggest dam in MP?
|Indira Sagar Dam|
|Location||Narmada Nagar Village, Punasa Tehsil, Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh, India|
|Coordinates||22°17′02″N 76°28′17″E / 22.28389°N 76.47139°E Coordinates : 22°17′02″N 76°28′17″E / 22.28389°N 76.47139°E|
|Construction began||23 October 1984|
|Opening date||31 May 2005|
|Owner(s)||Government of Madhya Pradesh|
|Operator(s)||Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation (NHDC) (Joint Venture of NHPC and Government of Madhya Pradesh )|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Concrete Gravity dam with a slightly curved alignment|
|Height||92 m (302 ft)|
|Length||653 m (2,142 ft)|
|Spillways||20 (Chute spillway (auxiliary) – 8 : 20 m x 17 m, Main (service) Spillway – 12 : 20 m x 17 m)|
|Spillway capacity||83,400 m 3 /s (2,950,000 cu ft/s)|
|Creates||Indira Sagar Reservoir|
|Total capacity||12.220 km 3 (9,907,000 acre⋅ft ) (432 Tmcft )|
|Active capacity||9.750 km 3 (7,904,000 acre⋅ft ) (344.37 tmcft)|
|Inactive capacity||2.470 km 3 (2,002,000 acre⋅ft )|
|Catchment area||61,642 km 2 (23,800 sq mi)|
|Surface area||913.48 km 2 (352.70 sq mi)|
|Turbines||Dam: 8 × 125 MW Francis pump-turbine Canal: 15 MW Kaplan-type|
|Installed capacity||1,000 MW|
|Annual generation||2.7 Billion kWh annually|
|Website nhdcindia,com /Site /frmProjectDetails,aspx?PID=1%2F|
The Indira Sagar Dam is the largest dam in India, in terms of volume of water stored in the reservoir. It is located on the Narmada River at the town of Narmada Nagar, Punasa in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh in India, The foundation stone of the project was laid by the prime minister of India Indira Gandhi on 23 October 1984.
The construction of the main dam started in 1992. The downstream projects of ISP are Omkareshwar, Maheshwar, and Sardar Sarovar Project, To build it, a town of 22,000 people and 100 villages were displaced. The Project involved construction of a 92 m high and 653 m long concrete gravity dam, It provides irrigation to 1,230 square kilometres of land with annual production of 2.7 billion units in the districts of Khandwa and Khargone in Madhya Pradesh, and power generation of 1,000 MW (8×125 MW) installed capacity.
In terms of storage of water, it is the largest reservoir in India, with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m or 12.2 km³, followed by Nagarjuna Sagar between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, The dam was built as a joint venture between Madhya Pradesh irrigation and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation,