Who Is Responsible for Creating the Plan? – The Construction Phase Plan is the responsibility of the project’s principal contractor. This is an individual or organisation appointed to manage and control the construction stage of the project and oversee the work of other contractors and workers.
- 1 What is the 4 functions of the construction manager during the pre-construction phase?
- 2 What is the final phase of construction planning?
- 3 Does the principal designer have to approve the construction phase plan?
- 4 What is the role of a pre-construction manager?
- 5 Who is responsible for developing the construction phase plan when there is more than one contractor involved in the project?
- 6 Can principal designer and principal contractor be the same?
What happens during the construction phase?
What is the construction phase? – The construction phase is the physical process of building and all other associated activities such as landscaping, refurbishing, site clearance, and demolition. The contractor typically performs the construction work.
- However, it is not uncommon for a contractor to split the project into smaller phases to achieve the milestones.
- In this case, the contractor tenders the individual stages to subcontractors and suppliers.
- The construction phase is the industry’s backbone, but contracts have to be awarded through a competitive bidding process before construction.
Due to the bidding process’s competitive nature, mastering these bids is crucial for bringing business to your company. The necessary bidding procedure consists of four steps, namely:
- Bid solicitation
- Bid submission
- Bid selection
- Contract Formation
All these steps take place before the construction phase, and we will expand on these points below.
What is a phase plan?
Construction Phase Plan (FULLY Explained) A construction phase plan (CPP) is a key document, outlining the health and safety concerns associated with a specific construction project. The plan should cover the site rules and necessary procedures that are in place to minimise or eliminate risks.
What is the 4 functions of the construction manager during the pre-construction phase?
The 3 Primary Stages of a Construction Project | Local Initiatives Support Corporation The pre-construction phase includes creating a strategic plan for the project, creating a design, securing permits or entitlements, and gathering the labor and resources required for construction.
- Pre-construction services can provide owners with a formal approach for developing cost, scope, and schedule to execute the construction on time and in control.
- The preconstruction phase is critical to a project’s success.
- It is during this phase that the project team gets organized, aligned in their vision and where the foundation of project communication and process is laid.
Without a strong foundation, a construction project can quickly become disorderly, leading to gaps in communication, holes in the process and potential schedule delays.
Steps of the Preconstruction Process Project Team The client recruits the key members of the team which includes the following:
The Owner’s Representative Project ManagerReal Estate AttorneyInsurance ProviderReal Estate ConsultantArchitectural TeamGeneral Contractor/Construction CompanyFinancing Partners
The client reviews with its lawyer potential conflicts of interest and which members of the Project Team are acting in a fiduciary role and which team members are acting in arms-length commercial capacity. Project Definition The client meets with the design build professional to determine project requirements and design parameters.
- Objectives defined should be as clear and concise as possible which allows for clear communication between client, designers, and the builder.
- In the long run, this will shorten the amount of time it takes to complete the project and establish budget earlier in the process.
- Project Timetable Client reviews project timetable with the team, determining milestones such as when the facility will open to serve students (e.g.
fall of 2021). Client identifies 2-3 areas of the timetable which pose a risk of timing delays, such as the permitting process. Site Evaluation Location and site conditions can have a magnitude of impacts on construction costs and schedule. Therefore, this should be evaluated carefully and early in the process.
- Please view the SchoolBuild article on site selection,
- Project Cost Estimate A realistic cost estimate based on owner’s requirements and expectations, is essential in moving the charter school facility project from conception to viable project.
- It involves evaluating the materials, labor, schedule, regulatory requirements, and site conditions.
Agreement After the initial pre-construction stage, parties execute a construction design build agreement which will authorize the builder to complete the facility design on the owner’s behalf. It involves incorporating owner’s design program to establish project size, material, and finishes, along with specifications to determine the project construction costs.
What is the final phase of construction planning?
5. The Post-Construction/ Closeout Phase – The project closure phase of the project is the last step in the long process of designing and completing a construction project. Now that all the work on the job site has been completed, the project will come to a close.
Is a construction phase plan a legal requirement?
As a general builder do I need a CPP for any construction work I do? – Yes. If you are the only contractor or the principal contractor (PC), you must draw up a CPP, However, it should be proportionate to the size and scale of the job. A simple plan before the work starts is usually enough to show that you have thought about health and safety.
Are you a contractor? Contractors: roles and responsibilities Principal contractors: roles and responsibilities
Does the principal designer have to approve the construction phase plan?
Designer & Principal Designer – When the Designer and/or Principal Designer produce the Pre-Construction Information they will have identified all the issues they believe the Principal Contractor should address in the Construction Phase plan. They should check that the Construction Phase Plan addresses the identified issues sufficiently.
What should a pre-construction phase plan include?
Construction phase plan – A construction phase plan must be prepared for a project before the construction phase begins. The plan must outline the health and safety arrangements, site rules and specific measures concerning any work involving the risks listed in Schedule 3 of the CDM 2015 Regulations,
The principal contractor for projects involving more than one contractor; and The contractor for single contractor projects.
Pre-construction information and any key design information, identifying risks that need to be managed during construction work, will be helpful in planning the construction phase and drawing up the construction phase plan.
Who has overall responsibility for the pre-construction phase?
Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 – A principal designer is a designer who is an organisation or individual (on smaller projects) appointed by the client to take control of the pre-construction phase of any project involving more than one contractor.
- Principal designers have an important role in influencing how risks to health and safety are managed throughout a project.
- Design decisions made during the pre-construction phase have a significant influence in ensuring the project is delivered in a way that secures the health and safety of everyone affected by the work.
Principal designers must:
plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety in the pre-construction phase. In doing so they must take account of relevant information (such as an existing health and safety file) that might affect design work carried out both before and after the construction phase has started help and advise the client in bringing together pre-construction information, and provide the information designers and contractors need to carry out their duties work with any other designers on the project to eliminate foreseeable health and safety risks to anyone affected by the work and, where that is not possible, take steps to reduce or control those risks ensure that everyone involved in the pre-construction phase communicates and cooperates, coordinating their work wherever required liaise with the principal contractor, keeping them informed of any risks that need to be controlled during the construction phase
On a domestic client project where the domestic client does not appoint a principal designer, the role of the principal designer must be carried out by the designer in control of the pre-construction phase. When working for a domestic client, the client duties will normally be taken on by another dutyholder (often the principal contractor on projects involving more than one contractor).
What is the role of a pre-construction manager?
Pre- Construction Manager Location: Eurocentral, Scotland. Talented people are the key to our success About us: Would you like to work for a progressive and ambitious company which is also one of the most successful within the UK construction and infrastructure industry? Morgan Sindall provides national construction and infrastructure services to private and public sector customers across a comprehensive range of markets.
We aim to create great results for our customers, partners and ourselves. Responsibilities: Responsible for submitting completed bids to existing or prospective customers, on time and within budget ensuring that all questions have been answered as fully as possible, and that Morgan Sindall is positioned with the best possible chance of success.
As a Pre-Con Manager you will:
Plan and manage all aspects of bids providing subject matter expertise in the South West area Ensure effective and inspirational bid management and leadership is provided on all tenders, and personally manage larger tender opportunities Understand and interact with the overall Morgan Sindall business, to allow projection of benefits to customers through our proposals Establish winning strategies and writing plans for quality led bids and participates in red reviews of prequalification documents and tenders
Already experienced in pre-contract management, you will have a degree (or equivalent). You will have experience of preparing tender submissions and managing pre-contract teams. About the Scotland Central Team: The Scotland Central Team are currently working on projects across the Central Belt of Scotland.
The current secured portfolio of work is varied and challenging and includes primary education, primary health care and long term residential care facilities together with future workload that encompasses all market sectors. We are delighted to be Tier 1 contractors on both Hub West and Hub South West and are also currently partners on both the Edinburgh City Council and North Lanarkshire Schools and Centres 21 Frameworks which will be continue to provide excellent opportunities for our business for another three to four years.
Our short to medium business plan going forward is to consolidate our business further in the Central Belt of Scotland by securing projects in Edinburgh, Ayrshire and Fife maintaining our relationship with Public Sector clients but growing our portfolio of commercial clients.
We are looking for likeminded, ambitious people who share our passion about delivering high quality buildings and delighting customers but at the same time want to work for a business where embedded talent management is a key focus and where opportunities exist to develop and grow within a happy team environment.
Morgan Sindall is an equal opportunities employer and has been accredited with the Positive About Disabled People ‘Two Ticks’ accreditation. We are also an Investors in People company. Morgan Sindall is unable to employ anyone who does not have the legal right to live and work in the UK.
What is the final phase of construction called?
For every stage of a construction project, from the simplest to the most complex, there are certain steps and processes that need to be followed to ensure a successful outcome. Projects in construction may vary based on their size, the number of stakeholders involved, budget and delivery date.
Regardless of the case, though, a construction project is always a long and demanding process. The good news is that with the continuous progress of digital solutions, the management of the different project phases can now be done much easier and with higher precision, On top of that, the collection of valuable data from the field can play a decisive role in improving, and ideally, standardising the construction process for future projects.
In a nutshell, here are the 6 stages of a construction project and what you should know about them: 1. The conception of the project Normally, the conception of the project starts with the client. This is where the dream begins as well as the research for the right location and the specifications/standards that should be followed.
- Depending on the project, the conception stage might vary.
- It can take anywhere from a few days to a few months or more, depending on how imminent is the need for the completion of the project.
- It goes without saying that construction workers usually don’t have much input during this stage, as the ball is still in the hands of the project owner.2.
Design Once the project is closer to fruition, it is time to sit down and talk design. This is still a preliminary stage, which means that nothing is guaranteed at this point. Nevertheless, design is the stage where usually the bidding process begins. The team that is in charge of the design, led by an architect or an engineer, will need to make sure that each of the state regulations and codes is met while respecting the vision of the project owner as well as ensuring that the newly built structure will be usable.
- There are normally four different steps within the design stage and they include programming and feasibility, schematic design, design development, and contract documents.
- During the programming and feasibility step, each of the objectives and goals of the project has to be outlined.
- Numerous decisions are made at this stage, including how large the building will be, how space will be used, and how many rooms will be needed.
The schematic design is a sketch that will show the space as well as materials, colors, and even textures. That sketch will be used during the design development to research the equipment needed, along with the cost for them and the materials being used.
- Once the contract documents are drawn up, everything is close to being finalised, because they contain the final drawings and specifications.
- These documents are used in the construction field by those placing bids to work on the project.3.
- The pre-construction stage The next stage of a construction project begins when the bidding is completed and the contractor has been chosen to do the work.
As soon as the contractor is completed, the project team is put together. Typically, a project team has the task to prepare the construction site before the work begins. As a rule, it consists of the following specialties:
Contract administratorProject managerSuperintendentField engineerHealth and safety manager
In close collaboration with the contractor, the project team is responsible for visiting the field in order to complete a site examination. The site examination will allow the project team to detect or predict any environmental challenges that might emerge during the building process.
- Soil testing is also an integral part of this step.
- When all information is collected, all plans and findings should be reviewed by the city authorities.
- This is usually a long procedure, as all concerns and opinions should be heard and addressed.4.
- The procurement stage Now it’s time for the project team to order and obtain materials, equipment, and workforce.
This stage of the project can be more or less complex and challenging depending on how big the project is, the available resources and the agreed start date. Many of the big construction companies have their own procurement departments. In such cases, it is common that the construction company will simultaneously order labourers, equipment and materials for a number of projects.
This process might vary a lot in smaller projects. Find also: All this work is usually performed by the general contractor, however, there are times when subcontractors will be in charge of certain parts. The subcontractors may be responsible for hiring their own workers or obtaining their own materials so that they know that they have exactly what they need to complete their portion of the job.5.
The construction stage Before the construction work begins, a pre-construction meeting is done to ensure that everyone is on the same page when the construction starts. This meeting normally includes information about the following topics:
how to access the job sitethe quality control of the projecthow and where to store all the materialsthe hours that everyone will be working
Each worker may be given their own schedule. It is also important to note that the schedule of each project agent might vary depending on their role. This is especially true for subcontractors who need certain parts of the job completed before they can begin their portion.
- It easily becomes evident that bad planning at this point can lead to serious delays and budget overruns.
- Once the meeting is over and there are no lingering questions, the very first step of the project can begin.
- The goal at this point is to have planned everything so carefully that everything goes off without a hitch.
Of course, that rarely happens, as something always goes wrong during a construction project. To avoid pitfalls, while planning your construction project, you should use some kind of digital solution,6. The post-construction stage Last but certainly not least, the post-construction stage.
Now that all the work on the job site has been completed, the project will soon come to a close. Nonetheless, there are still a few steps that need to be done before the keys to the building can be handed over. In general, the final stage of the construction project is divided into three critical steps: a.
New construction building commissioning First things first, an inspection of the whole building needs to be done. If everything is done correctly, these inspections are fairly simple to pass. The reason is that other inspections should have already been completed during the entire project.
It is during those previous inspections that issues should have been found and corrected. As soon as everything has been checked, it is time for the project team to train the client in operating and maintaining the newly built structure. That is a step of considerable importance as it will contribute to increasing the lifecycle of the project.b.
Owner occupancy Now that the training is completed, the owner can take over the building. This is when the warranty period is on. In that way, the project owner can feel safe that there is enough time to examine all the different systems, equipment, and materials that have been installed.
Express warranty: It is normally included in the contract.Implied warranty: It is imposed by law.Statutory warranty: It is introduced in a state’s regulations.
c. Closure That is the last step in the long process of designing and completing a construction project. The project team has to overall contractual agreements and make sure that the project is free from any type of legal burden. At this point, it is also a good practice to carry out a post-project review which could help the different agents to detect any tasks that weren’t completed, analyse why this happened and put together a list of insights for the future.
- A post-project review can also be the foundation for the creation of an in-depth project completion report.
- Final word At the end of the day, every stage of a construction project is a chain of tasks, decisions, and numerous tools.
- Its complexity is vastly depended on its size and the type of the project but there are always some core steps that can’t be skipped.
Impeccable communication between the different stakeholders and fact-based decisions are two fundamental pillars in the effort of streamlining a construction project and making sure that all phases will be developed and completed within the agreed timeframe and budget.
Who is responsible for developing the construction phase plan when there is more than one contractor involved in the project?
Working Together To Improve Construction Health & Safety What Is A CDM Construction Phase Plan? The Construction Phase Plan, also referred to as a CPP, is a document that sets out the health and safety management arrangements for a project and must include specific measures on how the significant risks associated with the project are intended to be managed; this is an explicit requirement under The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015.
- The Plan must be suitably developed prior to the commencement of construction and must be reviewed, updated and revised on a regular basis to remain relevant and reflect the rapidly changing nature of a construction site.
- For example, when work begins on a greenfield site to construct a building, the risks encountered are very different to those that exist later in the project once the main structure has been constructed.
Who Develops The CDM Construction Phase Plan? If you are a Contractor managing construction work, under the CDM Regulations you’ll have a statutory duty to develop the CDM Construction Phase Plan. This is the case for every construction project, regardless of the cost, programme, number of contractors or the number of workers on site; a Construction Phase Plan must always be developed prior to the project commencing.
The Regulations specifically state that if a project has one Contractor, then it is the Contractor who develops the Plan, if there happens to be more than one Contractor involved, then it’s always the Principal Contractor who develops the Plan during the pre-construction phase. What Should Be Contained Within The Construction Phase Plan? The Plan must detail the arrangements for managing and securing health and safety on the project.
The level of detail within the Plan should always be in proportion to the level of risk involved and should take into consideration the existing activities taking place, either on, or adjacent to the site. If you are developing a Construction Phase Plan, then you should include the following information: 1.
- Description Of The Project a.
- Project description and programme details including any key dates b.
- Project directory c.
- Existing records 2.
- Communication & Management Of The Work a.
- Management structure and responsibilities b.
- Health and safety goals for the project c.
- Arrangements for monitoring and review of health and safety performance d.
Arrangements for: i. Regular liaison between parties on site ii. Consultation with the workforce iii. The exchange of design information between the Client, Principal Designer, Designers and Contractors on site iv. Handling design changes on site v. The selection and control of Sub Contractors vi.
The exchange of health & safety information between Contractors vii. Security arrangements viii. Site induction and onsite training ix. Welfare facilities x. First aid xi. The reporting and investigation of accidents and incidents including near misses xii. The production and approval of risk assessments and method statements xiii.
Site rules xiv. Fire and emergency procedures 3. Arrangements For Controlling Significant Site Risks a. Safety Risks i. Delivery and removal of materials (including waste) and work equipment taking into account any risks to the public e.g. during access and egress from the site.
ii. Services including temporary electrical installations iii. Preventing falls iv. Work with or near fragile materials v. Control of lifting operations vi. Dealing with services – water, gas and electricity vii. Maintenance of plant and equipment viii. Poor ground conditions ix. Traffic routes and segregation of vehicles and pedestrians x.
Storage of materials (particularly hazardous materials) and work equipment xi. Dealing with unstable structures xii. Accommodating adjacent land use xiii. Other significant safety risks b. Health Risks i. Procedure for the discovery of Asbestos ii. The removal of Asbestos iii.
- Dealing with contaminated land iv.
- Manual handling v.
- Use of hazardous substances vi.
- Reducing noise and vibration vii.
- Other significant health risks 4.
- The Health and Safety File a.
- Layout and format b.
- Arrangements for collection of information c.
- Storage of information Need Help? If you need support and assistance in compiling your CDM Construction Phase Plan, or simply cannot afford the time to put a plan together, then please contact one of our CDM Consultants today to talk through your project.
Call Marpal on 01332 668877 or email us at [email protected],
Can principal designer and principal contractor be the same?
When the principal contractor can be the principal designer – Now we know who the principal designer is, how can the principal contractor be the principal designer? Shouldn’t the principal designer be a designer? Yes, they should, but of course, some projects, especially smaller projects, might not have an architect involved.
Not all construction project teams are the same, and with CDM 2015 applying to a wide range of projects including maintenance, demolition, earthworks, and refurbishment, there are often cases where it is not clear who the principal designer should be. What about design and build contracts, where the design and the construction work is handed over to one company? The design and build company in these circumstances could have both contractor and designer duties under CDM.
This is a classic example of where it would be acceptable to appoint the principal contractor also as the principal designer. Organisations or individuals can carry out the role of more than one dutyholder, provided they have the skills, knowledge, experience and (if an organisation) the organisational capability to carry out those roles in a way that secures health and safety.
As long as the principal contractor has the skills, knowledge, experience and capability to carry out the role of the principal designer, and is acting as a designer in some capacity, they could be your best choice. Especially if they are the designer in overall control of the pre-construction phase of the project.
What about a kitchen installation company that is carrying out the design and installation of a new kitchen, with subcontractors for the electrical and mechanical services? The project will need both a principal contractor and a principal designer. It would make sense that the kitchen installation company fulfils both roles since it is in overall control of both the design and managing the work on site.
Who is responsible for appointing the principal designer or principal contractor?
Working Together To Improve Construction Health & Safety On a construction project where there is likely to be more than one trade Contractor, the Client has a duty to appoint a Principal Designer. The primary role of the Principal Designer is to coordinate the health and safety aspects of the pre-construction phase.
Sometimes it is difficult to know who should take on this role. The CDM Regulations 2015 state that it should be the Designer who has overall control of the design; this often tends to be the Architect. However, in our experience, many Architects are uncomfortable with this, you can’t blame them, and after all, this is a health and safety coordination function.
No Architect started their profession with the intent of becoming a health and safety professional. Even so, some have embraced these duties, yet many are reluctant to do so. If you are considering whether to take on the Principal Designer role, you must evaluate whether you have the capability to fulfil these duties.
Also, the Client is required to ensure that the people and organisations they appoint have the skills, knowledge, training and the organisational capacity. Your capability will be dependent upon your experience, qualifications, training and the level of risk involved in the project. Quite simply, if the level of risk involved in a project is beyond your technical capabilities to act as Principal Designer, then you shouldn’t consider or accept an appointment.
The impact this may have could ultimately affect your overall involvement on a project. If you do not have any arrangements in place to take on these additional duties, then you really need to take some appropriate action. This could include developing an internal training programme, directly employing suitably qualified personnel or bringing in specialised CDM Consultant.
Where works are being planned within operational facilities, the coordination of the pre-construction phase can prove to be difficult and complex, particularly where high risk operations exist. In such instances, it may be better that the Client retains the Principal Designer role themselves rather than the Lead Designer, as they’ll have a greater appreciation and understanding of the premises, the safety management systems in operation and the potential health and safety risks that may be encountered and how these risks may be overcome.
In retaining this role, assistance may also be required to ensure CDM compliance. On smaller projects, the only Designer may be the Client, as they may specify works to be carried out, which doesn’t require the appointment of a Designer. The regulations state that the Client is deemed to be the Principal Designer, unless an appointment is made in writing, otherwise they retain this role.
- With no Lead Designer to appoint as Principal Designer, the Client must consider whether this is within their capabilities, if not, then they may wish to seek assistance from either within or outside their organisation.
- There are a number of choices available to the Client needing to appoint a Principal Designer.
They may either retain the Principal Designer duties themselves, appoint the Lead Designer or Project Manager, or if it’s a Design and Build Contract, it could be the Principal Contractor. It’s not necessarily straight forward as to who should be appointed as Principal Designer or whether the Client should retain this role.