Why Is Construction Industry Called A Secondary Industry?

Why Is Construction Industry Called A Secondary Industry
1 Answer. Because this industry is engaged in construction of buildings, bridges or roads using bricks, sand, cement, iron and steel, wires, etc, which are natural resources.

What industry is called secondary?

Secondary Sector To define “what is the secondary sector?”, the development of industrial areas are commonly called secondary sectors and are also sometimes referred to as the production sector some of the time. This sector encompasses intermediate products, agricultural production, textiles, and many more products.

  1. So, what is a secondary industry? The secondary sector is also called the manufacturing industry.
  2. The main function of it is that it readies the resources or the materials that are raw and which are provided by the primary sector for use in goods and services.
  3. Items that have already been grouped into market segmentation based on specialised industries are further procedures.

Want to gain more clarity on the question “what is secondary industry?” Read on!

Heavy or large scale industry requires a substantial sum of financial capital in infrastructure, provides a big and diverse market like some other manufacturing industries, has a technologically advanced organisation and sometimes a maximum level staff, and generates a large amount of output. Instances include the steel and iron production infrastructure, in addition to the raw oil sector. (Image will be Uploaded soon)

What is secondary industry explain?

Secondary industry is defined as processing some main resources. Secondary industry includes the production of steel from iron ore. The primary material is treated in the secondary industry either to create the final product or to make intermediate goods that will be processed further to make the final product.

What are some examples of secondary production?

Examples include textile production, car manufacturing, and handicraft.

Why is construction industry called a secondary industry class 11?

1 Answer. Because this industry is engaged in construction of buildings, bridges or roads using bricks, sand, cement, iron and steel, wires, etc, which are natural resources.

Is construction primary or secondary sector?

The main sectors of the economy are:

  1. Primary sector – extraction of raw materials – mining, fishing and agriculture.
  2. Secondary / manufacturing sector – concerned with producing finished goods, e.g. Construction sector, manufacturing and utilities, e.g. electricity.
  3. Service / ‘tertiary’ sector – concerned with offering intangible goods and services to consumers. This includes retail, tourism, banking, entertainment and I.T. services.
  4. Quaternary sector (knowledge economy, education, research and development)
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Why Is Construction Industry Called A Secondary Industry

What is the secondary industry answer in one sentence?

Secondary- Industries which are essentially manufacturing or assembling industries. It receives raw materials from primary industries and processes them to commodities for the customers. Example: Food manufacturing, Textile manufacturing.

What are secondary industries Class 8?

What are Secondary Activities Class 8 Social Science | PW Secondary activities or manufacturing are those activities which change raw materials into products of more value to people. Changing of pulp of wood into paper and paper into note book represents the two stages of manufacturing process.

What are the characteristics of secondary sector?

The importance of water use in the primary sector – Usually, economic activities are categorized into three different sectors. The primary sector of the economy, the sector that extracts or harvests products from the Earth, has the largest WF on Earth.

This sector includes activities like agriculture, forestry, fishing, aquaculture, mining, and quarrying. The green WF of humanity is nearly entirely concentrated within the primary sector. It has been estimated that approximately 92% of the blue WF of humanity is just in agriculture alone ( Table 7.1 ).

Table 7.1, Global WF within Different Water-Using Categories during 1996–2005

Economic Sector Water Use Category Global WF (10 9 m 3 /year) Remark
Green Blue Gray Total %
Primary sector Crop farming 5,771 899 733 7,404 81.5
Pasture 913 913 10.0
Animal farming 46 46 0.5 Water for drinking and cleaning
Agriculture total 6,684 945 733 8,363 92.0
Aquaculture ? ? ? ? ? No global data
Forestry ? ? ? ? ? No global data
Mining, quarrying ? ? ? ? ? No global data
Secondary sector Industry (self-supply) 38 363 400 4.4 Water use in manufacturing, electricity supply, and construction
Municipal water supply 42 282 324 3.6 Water supply to consumers and (small) users in primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors
Tertiary sector Self-supply ? ? ? ? ? No global data
Consumers Self-supply ? ? ? ? ? No global data
Total 6,684 1,025 1,378 9,087 100

Note that the blue WF figure for crop farming relates to evapotranspiration of irrigation water at field level; it excludes losses from storage reservoirs and irrigation canals. The blue WF figure for “industry” presented here includes water use in mining, which is part of the primary sector.

  • The figure excludes water lost from reservoirs for hydroelectric generation.
  • All gray WF figures are conservative estimates.
  • Forestry is not included as a water use sector because of a lack of data.
  • From Mekonnen and Hoekstra (2011) for crop farming; Mekonnen and Hoekstra (2012) for pasture and animal farming; Hoekstra and Mekonnen (2012) for industry and municipal water supply.

The secondary sector covers the manufacturing of goods in the economy, including the processing of materials produced by the primary sector. It also includes construction and the public utility industries of electricity, gas, and water. Sometimes, the public utility industries are also mentioned under the tertiary (service) sector, because they not only produce something (electricity, gas, purified water) but also supply it to customers (as a service).

Water utilities could even partly fall under the primary sector, because part of the activity is the abstraction of water from the environment (rivers, lakes, and groundwater). The work of water utilities comprises water collection, purification, distribution and supply, wastewater collection (sewerage), wastewater treatment, materials recovery, and wastewater disposal.

It is rather common to categorize the whole water utility sector under the secondary sector. The tertiary sector is the service industry and covers services to both businesses and final consumers. This sector includes activities like retail and wholesale sales, transportation and distribution, entertainment, restaurants, clerical services, media, tourism, insurance, banking, health care, defense, and law.

Even though sometimes categorized into another quaternary sector, one can also list activities related to government, culture, libraries, scientific research, education, and information technology. The secondary and tertiary sectors have much smaller WFs than the primary sector. It is difficult to get water use statistics organized along the same structure of economic sector classifications.

Many countries and regions have their own classification of economic activities, distinguishing main sectors and subsectors. One of the international standard classifications is the Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities of the United Nations ( UN, 2008 ).

Conventional water use statistics mostly show gross blue water withdrawals and distinguish three main categories: agricultural, industrial, and municipal water use ( FAO, 2014 ). WF statistics also distinguish between the agricultural, industrial, and municipal sector. These three sectors cannot be mapped one-to-one onto the primary, secondary, and tertiary sector.

“Agricultural water use” obviously is about water use in the primary sector, whereas “industrial water use” is about water use in the secondary sector. However, water use in mining—part of the primary sector—will generally be categorized under “industrial water use” as well.

Industrial water use refers to self-supplied industries not connected to the public distribution network. It includes water for the cooling of thermoelectric plants, but it does not include hydropower (which is often left out of the water use accounts altogether). Municipal water use—often alternatively called domestic water use or public water supply—refers to the water use by water utilities and distributed through the public water distribution network.

Water utilities provide water directly to consumers, but also to water users in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sector. The mismatch between the three main categories in water use statistics and the different sectors as usually distinguished in the economy can be quite confusing.

The “water supply sector” as distinguished in economic classifications refers to water utilities delivering municipal water to households and others connected to the public water supply system. Unfortunately, the category of municipal water use lumps water use for a great variety of water users: final consumers (households) and users in all economic sectors.

Specifications by type of user are not always available. Additionally confusing is that even though the “water supply sector” serves all types of users, the sector refers to only a minor fraction of total water use. Most of the water use in agriculture, the largest water user, is not part of the “water supply sector.” Furthermore, water self-supply by industries does not fall within this sector, and neither does self-supply in the tertiary sector or self-supply by final consumers.

Given that only an estimated 3.6% of the total WF of humanity relates to what we call the “water supply sector” ( Hoekstra and Mekonnen, 2012 ), the sector receives disproportionate attention in public debates about water use and scarcity, diverting the necessary attention to water use in agriculture and industry.

An additional problem is that the contribution of agriculture to water scarcity is underestimated by conventional water use statistics, which show gross blue water abstractions. In agriculture, most of the gross water use will evaporate from storage reservoirs, irrigations canals, or from the field.

The water abstracted for irrigation in agriculture is thus largely unavailable for reuse within the basin. In industrial water use, the ratio of net to gross abstraction is estimated at less than 5%. In municipal water use, this ratio varies from 5% to 15% in urban areas and from 10% to 50% in rural areas ( FAO, 2014 ).

Water that returns to the catchment after use can be reused. Presenting gross or net water abstractions thus makes a huge difference for industries and households and less of a difference in agriculture. Even though the primary sector is the largest water user, governmental programs to create public awareness of water scarcity often focus on public campaigns calling for water-saving at home.

  • This is not very effective at large given the fact that the major share of water use in most places relates to agriculture and, secondarily, to industry.
  • Water scarcity is thus generally caused mostly by excessive water use in agriculture.
  • Installing water-saving showerheads and dual-flush toilets in households will have barely any impact on mitigating water scarcity, but still this is what most water-saving campaigns advocate.

It would be more useful to make people aware of the water use and pollution underlying the food items and other products they buy and to advocate product labels that show the sustainability of the WF of a product. Read full chapter URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780127999685000075